Chest or Stollentruhe, Early 16th Century, German Gothic, Oak Chest, Original For Sale
Want more images or videos?
Request additional images or videos from the seller
1 of 6

Chest or Stollentruhe, Early 16th Century, German Gothic, Oak Chest, Original

About

This standing chest is of clamp-front construction, extensively decorated with long, ironwork straps with quatrefoil finials which ‘wrap’ around it, and has an ornate, central lockplate, and front legs with full, height stiles. The ironwork straps and finials are fixed with convex, headed nails: running along the front, five long straps; the two side straps; and the five straps on the top. On the chest front, centrally placed, is a large, iron lockplate with four outer, radiating spade finals in each corner and three, superimposed spade finials (a symbol of nobility) which are pierced with the initials ‘BB’. The lockplate receives a corresponding, external hasp fitted to the lid. Below the floor of the chest, the two front stile legs retain most of their original height. The lid is supported by substantial iron strap hinges that extend right down the back of the chest. Inside the chest at the left end is a shallow, oak till. Construction The chest is of joined, 'clamp-front' construction, reinforced by the nailed, iron mounts. In total it uses ten, oak boards which were riven and planed. The back and front are each formed from a large single plank held to the full height stiles by long, pegged tenons. The sides are also single boards joined into the stiles using long tenons held by dowels, and extend down below the chest bottom, concealing the ends of the bottom boards. The bottom consists of a single board cut into the sides and shallow rebates in the stiles. The front and back boards are dowelled into the bottom boards. The lid which overhangs the sides has a narrow cleat at each end, and consists of one wide plank which has bowed a little as a result of shrinkage. Ironwork : The wrought ironwork straps, lockplate, hasp and lock all appear all appear to be early, and of the same original manufacture and are fixed with convex headed nails. There is mild dark staining of the oak around the iron mounts, possibly because of low tannin content in the oak. Length 172 cm., 67 ¾ in., Height 71.5 cm., 28 ¼ in., Depth 63 cm., 24 ¾ in., Related to: No 900:2-1904 V&A Museum, London. Stadtmuseum Dusseldorf. Decorative Arts Museum Berlin. Museen Schleswig-Holstein & Hamburg. A related example featuring elaborately-carved feet and formerly in the Horsham Museum, West Sussex, sold at Christie's in 2010 for £97,250 and another example, again with carved feet sold at Sothebys in 2006 for £48,000. Literature: A similar example is illustrated in H. Lüttgens, Alt- Aachener Wohnkultur; Ein Rundgang durch ein altes Aachener Haus im Wohnstil des 18. Jahrhunderts, Aachen, n.d., ill. 12, and another comparable iron-bound chests illustrated in H. Kreisel, Die Kunst des Deutschen Möbels, Munich, 1974, pls. 45-46. This type of large oak standing chest is known as a 'stollentruhe' (studded chest) and is thought to have been made from at least the early-16th century, based on the style of ironwork and form of the front legs which tend to be carved on earlier models. The German Renaissance was established and Albrecht Dürer and Lucas Cranach the elder were famous throughout Europe. The type has become closely associated with the Westphalia region in central, western Germany (between the Rhine and Weser rivers, located north and south of the Ruhr River). The great weight of this chest, the plain back, and decorative carving and ironwork indicative that it was essentially a static piece of furniture, combining large storage capacity and a reasonable measure of security with conspicuous display. In addition to its impressive proportions and height off the ground (keeping the contents away from damp or dirty floors), its most showy aspect is the wrought and cut ironwork mounts. The multiple, iron straps fulfil a Dual role: decorative but also reinforcing the structural wood joints. Evidently such chests were intended to be secure: the timbers and hinges (a notorious weakpoint of chests) are notably robust. The central lock-plates on these chests are particularly impressive but in terms of security represent the weak point of the chest. Geoff Egan has described medieval locks as ‘among the most complex everyday objects to have survived, although most have simple, easily-picked mechanisms, inside cases designed to look as robust and secure as possible’ (Egan, Late Gothic 1998). In the same way as keys were displayed as a badge of status by officers of the household and women in Renaissance Europe, ornate locks on doors and chests were part of a concern to draw attention to household wealth and its distribution on controlled terms. Whatever the contents of such chests, they were a way to assert the authority of the owner. The pierced initials ‘BB’ indicate that this was made for a particular person and the use of the spade motif on the central part of the lockplate suggests that he or she was of noble status. Function : Chests (of all shapes and sizes) were the most common form of furniture in late-medieval/Renaissance households. Even poor households are likely to have had at least one, while the inventories of great households can list hundreds. They were used to hold all manner of goods: coin, plate and personal jewels, clothes and textiles, vestments and chapel ornaments, muniments, books, arms and armour, lights, grain and bread. A practical disadvantage of large chests was accessing contents especially smaller objects at the bottom. Most chests of any quality have a built-in, lidded compartment or 'till' across one or both ends. These must have been convenient for smaller valuables (and perhaps candles), and some were fitted with their own lock. Chests were conventionally placed next to beds. They often contained valuable linen for the bed, but would also be close under the watchful eye of the owner.

Details

  • Of the Period
    Gothic
  • Place of Origin
  • Date of Manufacture
    1500-1559
  • Dimensions
    H 28.15 in. x W 67.72 in. x D 24.81 in.H 71.5 cm x W 172 cm x D 63 cm
  • Seller Location
    Eversholt, GB
  • Reference Number
    LU3867315797382
Buyer Protection Guaranteed
Our Promise To You: If you're not happy with the way an item arrived, we'll work with you and the seller to reach an optimal resolution. Read more

Shipping, Returns & Payment

  • Shipping
    Rates vary by destination and complexity

    Some items may require special handling and packaging. Request a shipping quote to see what options are available to your destination.

  • Return Policy

    This item can be returned within 7 days of delivery.

    View details
  • Online Payment Methods
    1stdibs accepts the following payment methods
  • Item Invoice
    Generate an invoice that you can customize and print.

About the Seller

New to 1stdibs
Joined in the past six months.
No Reviews Yet
Vetted
1stdibs seller since 2018
Located in Eversholt, GB
More From This Seller
Cassettone or Bureau-Chest, Late 16th Century, Italian Renaissance, Walnut
Cassettone or Bureau-Chest, Late 16th Century, ...
Antique 16th Century Italian Baroque Furniture
Walnut
This magnificent cassettone exudes the character and quality of the finest, late-Renaissance furniture. Late 16th century, Northern Italian furniture often had the sides, legs or ang...
Cassettone or Bureau-Chest, Late 16th Century, Italian Renaissance, Walnut
Cassettone or Bureau-Chest, Late 16th Century, ...
Antique 16th Century Italian Renaissance Furniture
Walnut
The hinged top in two sections faced with a solid moulded edge. The front part has a fall front and opens to reveal a writing compartment. The fall front retains its original lock an...
Vargueno or Bargueno, Late-16th-Early-17th Century, Spanish Renaissance, Walnut
Vargueno or Bargueno, Late-16th-Early-17th Cent...
Antique 16th Century Spanish Renaissance Furniture
Bone, Walnut
Spanish writing desks from this period are the most distinctive pieces of Spanish furniture conceived as visual displays of incredible virtuosity. They have been highly prized since ...
Cathedra or Throne Chair, Late 16th Century, French Second Renaissance, Walnut
Cathedra or Throne Chair, Late 16th Century, Fr...
Antique 16th Century French Renaissance Furniture
Walnut
A moulded cornice sits above the high, panelled back with fluting and applied roundels. The later, metal pin on the left edge releases the central, moulded panel in the back which re...
You May Also Like
Original Early 19th Century Mongolian Chest, with Painted Foo Dogs
Original Early 19th Century Mongolian Chest, wi...
Antique Early 19th Century Mongolian Furniture
Wood
Beautiful Mongolian chest with two playful foo dogs. This is an all original, 19th century piece whose patina is well preserved. The crackled the finish is stable and enhances the ch...
Tudor - Elizabethan Boarded Oak Chest, English, circa 1540-1560
Tudor - Elizabethan Boarded Oak Chest, English,...
Antique 16th Century British Gothic Blanket Chests
Oak
Tudor / Elizabethan oak low boarded chest, English, circa 1550 - 1570. Rare and unusual small Tudor oak six plank boarded chest, with lightly incised, decorated and molded lid abo...
19th Century Chinese or Tibetan Monks Travel Chest
19th Century Chinese or Tibetan Monks Travel Chest
Antique Early 19th Century Chinese Qing Blanket Chests
Rosewood
Beautiful large Chinese or Tibetan travel chest or trunk. Qing dynasty!! Fantastic hand painted exterior showing 3 seated Tibetan Buddhist Monks. Highly decorated panels fea...
19th Century Burmese Mandalay Gilt Chest or Trunk
19th Century Burmese Mandalay Gilt Chest or Trunk
Antique 19th Century Burmese Rustic Furniture
Metal
Fantastic 19th century Burmese Mandalay period chest or trunk. Decorated with Buddhist gilt relief carvings on the front with some incased in glass. Intricate gilded metal borders an...
Chest with Thick Red Original Lacquer, Late 18th Century
Chest with Thick Red Original Lacquer, Late 18t...
Antique Late 18th Century Chinese Blanket Chests
Chest with thick red original lacquer and very charming patina. "Shanxi" 1780-1820.
Rare 19th Century Korean Chest
Rare 19th Century Korean Chest
Antique 19th Century Korean Furniture
Rare 19th century Korean chest. Unusual size makes it a rare piece. Beautiful iron hardware decorate the face and lid. Two available, not quite a pair. Sold individually.
Rare 19th Century Korean Chest
Rare 19th Century Korean Chest
Antique 19th Century Korean Furniture
Rare 19th century Korean chest. Unusual size makes chest a rare piece. Beautiful iron hardware decorate the face and lid of the chest. One of two, not quite a pair. Sold individually.
20th Century Chinese Camphor Storage Chest
20th Century Chinese Camphor Storage Chest
20th Century Chinese Qing Furniture
Wood
A camphor storage chest with lift-top and brass hardware. China, Qing period. Measures: 56 1/2" wide x 25 1/4" deep x 32 3/4" high.

Why Shop on 1stdibs?

Learn More

Only Vetted, Professional Sellers

Buyer Protection Guaranteed

Fully Insured Global Deliveries