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17th Cent. Dutch Colonial Ebony Chair Formerly Owned by the Duke of Westminster

$37,459.93

About

An Indian ebony low chair formerly owned by the Duke of Westminster Coromandel coast, possibly Madras, 1680-1700 Overall densely carved with an array of mermaids, birds, fish, mythological figures and floral and vine motifs, the back-rails are centered by a parrot (the attribute of Kama, the Hindu god of love) below a scallop shell (an attribute of Aphrodite/Venus) with a fleur-de-lis (a symbol of the Virgin Mary), the shell supported by two small human figures and a pair of mermaids, another Western element, but also a representation of the Hindu snake goddess Nagini, with crouching figures as finials, reminiscent of deity figures, with cane seatings. H. 85 x W. 50.5 x D. 45 cm Height of seat 41.5 cm Note: An identical chair is illustrated in Het Hollandsche Koloniale Barokmeubel, Dr. V. I. van de Wall, .1939, fig. 26. The Provenance of that chair is given as the Duke of Westminster, Eaton Hall, Chester. Before restoration the present pair had identical upholstered seats and the same casters as the chair of the Duke of Westminster. Therefore it seems safe to assume that the provenance of the present pair also is the Duke of Westminster, Eaton Hall in Chester. In the seat rails of the present chairs both are numbered II and III respectively, so they probably once belonged to a larger set in Eaton Hall. This type of chair usually turns up in England and seldom in Holland although they were also ordered by the Dutch on the Coromandel Coast of India. Possibly the Hindu motives of animals and humans in the carvings of these “Kust stoelen” were eventually not greatly appreciated in Muslin/Calvinist Java/Batavia. These high points in ebony furniture making were made by Hindu craftsmen in South India converted to Roman Catholicism by the Portuguese in the 16th and 17th centuries. These furniture makers, with their origins in the Hindu world, combined Hindu and Christian motives in a manner which was not seen again in furniture from India after the 17th century. As in other known examples, the carving is in the round. The carvings on these two chairs bear a close resemblance to the carving of the head- and foot-boards of the ebony rocking cradle in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam (BK-1966-48, illustrated in: Asia in Amsterdam, 2015, cat. 26, p.108).

Details

  • Dimensions
    Height: 33.47 in. (85 cm)Width: 19.89 in. (50.5 cm)Depth: 17.72 in. (45 cm)Seat Height: 16.34 in. (41.5 cm)
  • Style
    Dutch Colonial (Of the Period)
  • Materials and Techniques
  • Place of Origin
  • Period
    Late 17th Century
  • Date of Manufacture
    1680-1700
  • Condition
    Wear consistent with age and use.
  • Seller Location
    Amsterdam, NL
  • Reference Number
    1stDibs: LU5458220859742

Shipping & Returns

  • Shipping
    Free White Glove Shipping
    to anywhere in the world, arrives in 8-10 days.
    We recommend this shipping type based on item size, type and fragility.
    Ships From: Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Return Policy

    A return for this item may be initiated within 7 days of delivery.

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