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Still Life of Flowers Oil on Board by John Graham Two Sided Portrait and Nude
Still life of flowers oil on board by John Graham Two sided portrait of young male and nude of woman 22" by 31" Signed Lower Rt John D. Graham was a figure of immense influence in the early years of American modernism, both as an artist and as a connoisseur. He is credited as a major influence in the formation of Abstract Expressionism and in his work alternated between Abstraction and Realism, with one of his subjects being portrait busts of cross-eyed women. Graham was born in Kiev on January 8, 1881 (or 1886 or 1887) with the name of Ivan Gratianovich Dombrovski. He fought in the Russian Revolution on the side of the Czar, was imprisoned, but escaped to Poland. He is thought to have arrived in New York City in circa 1920. Once in New York, he hid himself behind a curtain of fact and myth. In 1923 Graham was enrolled at the Art Students League, working briefly as an assistant to John Sloan. There is little concrete information that Graham had any previous art experience. In 1925 he participated in the "Tenth Whitney Annual Exhibition". That year he moved to Baltimore with the painter Elinor Gibson, the first of his two American wives. Before moving to the United States, he also had been twice married in Russia. In Baltimore, he became associated with the renowned collector Duncan Phillips, who gave Graham his first one-person museum exhibition in 1929. Phillips described Grahams bearing, with his air of Russian émigré officer of noble descent, his classical education and commitment to art, as an "ambition for martyrdom", one which gave him an aura of Old World mystery and romance. He became an American citizen in 1927, although he lived and worked in both New York and Paris, becoming a catalyst in the transmittal of European modernism to America. He counted among his friends such names as Stuart Davis, Dorothy Dehner, Arshile Gorky, Adolph Gottlieb, David Smith, Katherine Dreier, Willem de Kooning, and, in later years, Jackson Pollock. Interested in African art, and very knowledgeable about European art, Graham is known to have influenced many American counterparts. He and his writing in the book, System and Dialectics of Art (1937) are thought to have greatly advanced the development of Abstract Expressionism. Graham believed that the subconscious mind contained distant past images and that through art, access to these memories could be gained. One of his more noteworthy paintings is Palermo, Landscape and Houses (1928, oil on canvas), a static scene, somewhat resembling a stage set, that hovers somewhere between landscape and abstraction. Late in his life he was financially secure, but isolated from the art world because of his highly personal style. He spent many hours doing meditation and yoga, and corresponding with women friends, who included Ultra Violet, Andy Warhol's movie star, as well as the artist Francoise Gilot, friend of Pablo Picasso. His final works were similar to those of the Renaissance Old Masters. His art can be seen in several public collections at the Baltimore Museum of Art, the Detroit Institute of Arts, the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City, the Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh and The Phillips Collection of Washington, D.C. Graham died in 1961 in London, England.
- CreatorJohn Graham (Artist)
- Of the Period
- Place of Origin
- Date of Manufacture1930
- Materials and Techniques
- WearWear consistent with age and use.
- DimensionsH 31 in. x W 23 in. x D 2 in.H 78.74 cm x W 58.42 cm x D 5.08 cm
- Seller LocationAllentown, PA
- Reference NumberLU3122313247381
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