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"Xalapa Landscape", Mexico, Oil on Canvas, Spanish School, circa 1840
Provenance: Conde de la Cortina collection, Jalapa, Mexico. One of the most radical aspects of Romantic painting was the attempt to replace the large canvases of historical or religious theme with the landscape. They pretended that the pure landscape, almost without figures or totally lacking in them, would reach the heroic significance of the history painting. They were based on the idea that human feeling and nature should be complementary, one reflected in the other. That is, the landscape should arouse emotion and transmit ideas. Thus, landscapers like the author of this one tried to express their feelings through the landscape, instead of imitating it. The romantic landscape had two main aspects: the dramatic one, with turbulent and fantastic views, and the naturalist, which emphasized images of a peaceful and serene nature. This second conception is what we see embodied here; the painter tries to communicate a religious reverence for the landscape, nature in fullness. In fact, the very use that the author of light has made here transmits an atmosphere of fog, cloudy, as if dreamy, that invites the spectator to meditate and contemplate himself in the landscape. The romantic landscape is constituted, however, by manifestations of very different types and not comparable to each other; It does not affect all national schools equally, staying more faithful to tradition in schools such as the French or the Dutch. Thus, in this canvas we do not find the grandiose scenographies of the British and Germans, the rugged mountains or the monumental Gothic ruins. On the contrary, it is a flat landscape, very horizontal despite the vertical elements that close the sides in the foreground, endowed with a soft dynamism determined by the hills and the moving celajes. The most typical elements of the romantic landscape, such as the hostile climate or Gothic ruin, do not appear, although there is a clear separation between the first planes and the background, which enhances the scenographic character derived from the effective lighting. Likewise, the typical romantic perspective is very marked, in abyss, which has as a complement a slight confusion of points of view. Thus, the pompous perspectives of the veduta of the 18th century are applied here to a sober landscape, which qualifies the scenographic construction of the landscape, so typically romantic. Despite these local differences, this romanticism contained in the form, we nevertheless find a purely poetic content, which goes beyond the simple representation of nature to reflect nature as a reflection of the author's feeling, melancholic and dark, enormously lonely. " · Size: 66 x 80 cm; 74 x 87.5 cm (marco). Depth is orientative.
- Of the Period
- Place of Origin
- Date of Manufacturecirca 1840
- Materials and Techniques
- WearWear consistent with age and use. Minor losses. Minor fading.
- DimensionsH 29.14 in. x W 34.45 in. x D 2.37 in.H 74 cm x W 87.5 cm x D 6 cm
- Seller LocationMadrid, ES
- Seller Reference NumberZ6227A
- Reference NumberLU2951312982311
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5 / 5
1stdibs seller since 2017
Located in Madrid, ES
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