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Antique Victorian Diamond Maltese Cross Brooch

About

An English Antique 15 karat gold and oxidized silver Maltese cross brooch with diamonds. The brooch has 130 old European-cut and old mine-cut diamonds with an approximate total weight of 18.00 carats including a 2.25 carat center diamond. Fold down bale. Circa 1880. Antique box. The Maltese cross, in Italy also known as the Amalfi cross, is the cross symbol associated with the Knights Hospitaller (the Knights of Malta) and by extension with the island of Malta. The cross is eight-pointed and has the form of four "V"-shaped elements, each joining the others at its vertex, leaving the other two tips spread outward symmetrically. Its design is based on crosses used since the First Crusade. The 15th Century Crusaders adopted the Cross of Malta as their insignia because its eight points represented the eight Beatitudes prescribed in the Sermon on the Mount. Those, in effect, declare (1) blessed are the poor in spirit, (2) the meek, (3) the pure, (4) the merciful, and (5) the peacemakers, (6) blessed are they that mourn, and (7) seek righteousness, and (8) blessed are they who are persecuted for righteousness sake. The Cross of Malta had a religious origin but the Knights of St. John also made it their battle standard for the liberation of all men, women and children who suffered oppression. The ideals for which the original Crusaders fought parallel the principles of democracy today, freedom and justice. (MG #16759)

Details

  • Creator
    Unknown
  • Place of origin
    England
  • Date of manufacture
    circa 1880
  • Condition
    Excellent.
  • Dimensions

    H 2 in. x W 2.07 in.

    H 50.8 mm x W 52.58 mm

  • Seller location
    New York, NY
  • Seller reference number
    BO16759
  • Reference number
    LU89943702

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