Great Gardens

Welcome to the Beguiling Tropical Gardens of Raymond Jungles

True to his name, the landscape architect strives to create verdant spaces where it looks "like nature is winning."

Omaha-bred, Miami-based landscape architect Raymond Jungles is known for creating spaces that incorporate native plants and feel wild, not manicured (portrait by Matt Stock). Top: At the Pavilion Beach Club on St. Kitts, boulders excavated during construction were repurposed as seating. Photo by Stephen Dunn

Raymond Jungles is not a pseudonym. “Just the name I was born with,” says the man who for more than 30 years has been making glorious tropical gardens, both public and private, mostly in Florida. Growing up in Nebraska, Jungles took a job at a plant nursery to cover the costs of playing high-school hockey. He first came to Miami when he was 18 years old, on spring break, and was so taken with the sun, the beach and the lifestyle that he promptly enrolled at the University of Florida, in Gainesville, to study landscape architecture.

While there, Jungles met the celebrated Brazilian artist and modernist landscape designer Roberto Burle Marx (1909–94), who came to Gainesville to give a lecture. Having studied Burle Marx’s work, Jungles was determined to take up his invitation to visit his studio. Accordingly, when he graduated, in 1981, Jungles traveled to Brazil, where, he admits a little sheepishly, “I just followed him around and completely bombarded him.”

They became close friends in spite of an almost 50-year age difference, with Jungles going back to Brazil every August for the next 12 years. He considers Burle Marx the most important influence in his life: “We had in common a love of nature and a love of plants,” Jungles says, “and what he most taught me was his way of keeping his mind open and working from principles rather than formulas.”

While he was still at university, Jungles began making money by working on gardens in Gainesville and, during vacations, school breaks and on weekends, in Miami, in Coconut Grove. He got some of his first clients by placing his business card on car windows, and one job led to another. Once graduated, he formally set up a practice in Coconut Grove, quickly establishing a reputation for designing exuberant gardens that featured native plants and trees —  in a city that at the time favored manicured, some might say tortured, displays of roses and other herbaceous perennials better suited to a more temperate climate.

At this home on Treasure Cay, in the Bahamas, local limestone surrounds the pool, whose water matches the color of the ocean. The residence was rebuilt after being destroyed in Hurricane Floyd, so the pool and garden were designed to withstand the elements, including gale-force winds. Photo by Stephen Dunn

To protect the property from storms, Jungles added an erosion-control fence and planted Argusia gnaphalodes, Gaillardia pulchella, Hymenocallis latifolia, Ipomoea pes-caprae, Suriana maritima and Uniola paniculata. Photo by Stephen Dunn

At the Golden Rock Inn, Mount Nevis is visible from the gardens. Jungles’s clients, the inn owners, love exotic plants, so Jungles added succulents like Aechmea ‘Dean’, Aloe ferox, Beaucarnea recurvata, Cactaceae and Pachypodium lamerei. Photo by Stephen Dunn

The inn is on the site of an 18th-century sugar plantation, and the property still contains ruins of its structures. Jungles filled a nearby ravine with water-loving plants to prevent flooding during the rainy season. Photo by Stephen Dunn

At the Pavilion Beach Club on St. Kitts, Jungles lined the two beach-access paths with indigenous and other ecologically appropriate species. Photo by Stephen Dunn

 

At Siebel Garden, in the Bahamas, Jungles was asked to create a landscape formal enough to complement the home’s architecture and hardy enough to withstand high winds and salt spray. Along the pathway, he relocated several Cocos nucifera trees from cleared land. Photo by Stephen Dunn

Jungles favors palms, succulents, grasses, water elements and curved waving walkways. Clipped hedges, tidy lawns and neat bushes have never been part of his repertoire. He wants his gardens to look “like nature is winning,” he says. “Roberto [Burle Marx] and I share many of the same principles of design. What I like to do is just let whatever would grow on the beach drift through a garden.” In discussing his approach to design, Jungles comes across as delightfully down-to-earth and eminently practical. Less is more where hardscape is concerned, and more is more when it comes to plants. Each new garden presents different challenges that need to be addressed. “I use nature to make a habitat, but I always want to use the best technology possible when it comes to irrigation and lighting.”

He denies that his style was ever radical, explaining, “Necessity is the mother of invention, and when I began designing, I wasn’t trying to be avant-garde or different. I just used native plants wherever possible to solve the problem at hand. Since irrigation is so difficult in this part of the world, I have always chosen plants that maximize their natural growth characteristics.”

Over time, important commissions kept coming — from a rooftop garden for the building Frank Gehry designed for the New World Symphony to a renovation of the Miami Beach Botanical Garden — and Jungles is now considered Miami’s highest-profile landscape architect, employing more than 20 people. In the beginning, his work was almost entirely residential, but it now includes many large-scale public commissions. His 2010 redesign for the promenade and plaza at 1111 Lincoln Road in Miami Beach, developed concurrently with Herzog & de Meuron’s parking garage, put him firmly on the map. Native plants and high tree canopies were carefully placed to create visual corridors for pedestrians, and a hardscape of hand-laid stones cleverly discourages skateboarders from zipping through while encouraging people to walk, mingle and sit. As a counterpart to the public space, he was also engaged to develop the rooftop garden for a private penthouse atop the Herzog & de Meuron complex. Lush and romantic, it has panoramic views of the city and uses much of the same plant material employed on the ground-level plaza. Vines climb up and over the roof, a winding zoysia grass path leads visitors through the garden, and a spectacular pool is framed by leaning sabal palms. (Both these projects and many others are featured in his monograph, The Cultivated Wild, published in 2015 by Monacelli.)

Of the 68 plant species Jungles used for Miami’s 1111 Lincoln Road promenade and plaza, 90 percent are native to Florida, and 10 of those native species are endangered or threatened. Photo by Stephen Dunn

Jungles was inspired by the Everglades when designing 1111 Lincoln Road, which features native trees and water gardens. The reflective pond surfaces add depth to the space. Photo by Steven Brooke

The Brazilian Garden, located within Florida’s Naples Botanical Garden, was designed to celebrate Roberto Burle Marx’s legacy. Jungles planted vines at the base of the arbor, which will eventually shade the plaza where the mural is located. Photo by Steven Brooke

The terraced water garden contains Victoria x ‘Longwood Hybrid’ water lilies, which are planted in recessed containers. Photo by Steven Brooke

 

The rooftop garden in this 34th-floor residence in Coconut Grove, Florida, includes Alcantarea imperialis and Bulbine frutescens along the seating area, highlighting the view of downtown Miami. Photo by Steven Brooke

Jungles worked with Gehry Partners to create the 7,950-square-foot rooftop garden at the New World Symphony in Miami Beach, which features native Bursera simaruba trees and Tripsacum dactyloides grasses. Photo by Stephen Dunn

 

At the Golden Rock Inn in Nevis, located on the site of an early 19th-century sugar plantation, Jungles designed the garden so that it, as well as Mount Nevis in the background, can be seen from multiple vantage points. Plantings include vibrant red Bougainvillaea ‘Alabama Sunset’ and Zoysia spp. grass, which was harvested on the island and replanted here. Photo by Marion Brenner

Jungles is currently working with artists Helen and Brice Marden to continue designing new phases of the garden on the slopes of a ravine for their Golden Rock Inn, which is located on the site of an early 19th-century former sugar plantation on the Caribbean island of Nevis. Other projects include the visitors’ center and the recently completed Florida Garden at the Naples Botanical Garden, as well as an educational garden, which incorporates only native plants, at the Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve in the Bahamas.

Also in the works is the restoration of the tropical indoor atrium garden of the Ford Foundation headquarters, in New York, as part of the renovation of the entire landmarked Kevin Roche and John Dinkeloo building. The garden, scheduled to reopen next year, was originally designed in 1967 by Dan Kiley, and taking on a project by this legendary talent has to be daunting. But as Jungles modestly explains, “my work here is an adaptation and restoration of Kiley’s original design, and my job is to come up with plants that work in this environment.”

An equally exciting project is in the offing at the New York Botanical Garden. “We think Raymond Jungles is one of the world’s greatest designers of tropical gardens,” says NYBG president Gregory Long, “and we have recently commissioned him to create a major exhibition focusing on the work and legacy of Roberto Burle Marx, to take place in 2019.” Jungles is thrilled with this chance to share the work of his friend and mentor with a new audience. How lucky for the world of garden design that he took that spring break in Miami all those years ago.

 

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