Skip to main content

Marble Putti

Price
Shipping Options
Sort By
Putti Musicians Marble Sculpture
Located in New York, NY
Fine quality Italian hand carved Putti Musicians marble sculpture.
Category

Antique Early 1900s Italian Belle Époque Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Marble

  • Putti Musicians Marble Sculpture
  • Putti Musicians Marble Sculpture
  • Putti Musicians Marble Sculpture
  • Putti Musicians Marble Sculpture
H 24 in. W 22 in. D 10 in.
Pair of White Marble Sculptures of Reclining Putti
Located in London, GB
A fine pair of white marble sculptures of reclining putti. Each putto figure finely carved and raised on a marble base with gilt-bronze mounts and feet. French, Circa 1890.
Category

Antique 19th Century French Louis XVI Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Marble, Ormolu

  • Pair of White Marble Sculptures of Reclining Putti
  • Pair of White Marble Sculptures of Reclining Putti
  • Pair of White Marble Sculptures of Reclining Putti
  • Pair of White Marble Sculptures of Reclining Putti
H 11.82 in. W 11.82 in. D 5.52 in.
Rare Carved Italian Marble Figural Putti and Lions Marble Planter with Insert
Located in Swedesboro, NJ
This is a super-rare find. This incredible carved carrara marble Italian planter dates to the late 1880s and has patina and normal age-related minor cracks, and signs of oxidation bu...
Category

Antique 1880s Italian Neoclassical Revival Planters and Jardinieres

Materials

Carrara Marble, Copper

French Putti Cherub Candlesticks Signed Sylvain Kinsburger Spelter & Marble S/2
By Sylvain Kinsburger
Located in Philadelphia, PA
A charming and heavy pair of Putti candlesticks modeled and signed by the French sculptor Sylvain Kinsburger. The pair are modeled with great detail and a sense of fluid movement, ci...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century French Belle Époque Candlesticks

Materials

Marble, Metal

Antique Carrera Marble of a Dancing Putti playing Cymbals after Clodion
Located in London, GB
A fine and good size Carrara marble sculpture of a dancing putti, playing cymbals, after a design by Clodion. A finely carved piece, set upon a red griotte marble base, with a ring o...
Category

Antique 1860s French Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Carrara Marble, Griotte Marble, Bronze

19th Century Italian Carved Wood Marble-Top Console with Puttis
Located in New York, NY
19th century Italian carved wood marble-top console. Has carved Puttis to the front and sides. Marble is green and one inch thick. The console is all carved wood.
Category

Antique 19th Century Italian Baroque Console Tables

Materials

Marble

A Rare French Marble Relief of Putti Fragment,Late 17th Century
Located in Sheffield, MA
A Rare French Marble Relief of PuttiFragment Late 17th Century Century Height 14 in. Width 33 in. Carved throughtout with three putti figures Provenance: Private Collector, Bor...
Category

Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Baroque Statues

Materials

Stone, Marble

Wonderful Pair Cherub Dore Bronze Putti Figure Candelabra Ormolu Mounted Marble
By Ferdinand Barbedienne
Located in Roslyn, NY
A wonderful pair of Cherub doré bronze / putti figure pierced candelabra with ormolu mounts raised on marble bases.
Category

Vintage 1920s French Belle Époque Candelabras

Materials

Marble, Bronze, Ormolu

Wonderful Pair French Dore Bronze Cherub Putti Ormolu Swag Marble Candlesticks
Located in Roslyn, NY
A wonderful sweet pair of French gilt doré bronze cherub or putti ormolu-mounted swag on marble base candlesticks holding a basket candleholder Measures: 11" H X 4" W.
Category

Vintage 1930s French Belle Époque Candlesticks

Materials

Marble, Bronze

Lovely Circa 1920's Marble & Brass Floor Standing Lamp with Cherub Putti's Angel
Located in GB
We are delighted to offer for sale this lovely vintage circa 1920’s Floor standing lamp depicting seated cherubs on a marble base A very good looking well made and decorative lamp...
Category

Vintage 1920s English Edwardian Floor Lamps

Materials

Marble, Brass

Antique Pair of French Grand Tour Bronze Marble Cherubs Figures Putti Bookends
Located in Dublin, Ireland
Stylish example of a pair of heavy well cast Grand Tour bronze seated figures of two amorino (infant cupid or cherub) probably of French origin, early nineteenth century. Each fig...
Category

Antique 19th Century French Grand Tour Busts

Materials

Marble, Bronze, Ormolu

French 19th Century Carved White Marble Allegorical Garden Fountain with Putti
Located in Los Angeles, CA
A fine and charming French 19th century carved white marble allegorical garden fountain group of two playful putti seated on a rocky outcrop with an upturned amphora supporting a sty...
Category

Antique 19th Century French Louis XV Fountains

Materials

Marble

Charming Italian 19th Century Carved Marble Group "Playful Putti with Goat"
Located in Los Angeles, CA
A very fine and charming Italian 19th century carved Carrara Marble Group "Playful Putti with Goat" depicting two young children, one riding the goat whose two front legs are in the ...
Category

Antique 19th Century Italian Rococo Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Carrara Marble

Attributed to Clodion Pair of Candelabra Ormolu and Red Marble with Putti
By Claude Michel Clodion
Located in Beuzevillette, FR
A magnificent and high quality pair of French 18th or 19th century ormolu bronze candelabra raised by a circular rouge Griotte marble pedestal on gilt feet, with 6-light each, attrib...
Category

Antique Early 19th Century French Louis XVI Chandeliers and Pendants

Materials

Griotte Marble, Bronze, Ormolu

Pair of Bronze Putti Musicians on Marble Bases by Moreau
Located in West Palm Beach, FL
Large pair of 19th century bronze putti playing musical instruments. Mounted on green marble bases.
Category

Antique 19th Century French Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Bronze

Early 17th Century Carved Marble Figure of Two Putti
Located in Peterborough, Northamptonshire
A particularly fine early 17th century carved marble figure of two putti inscribed Justitia Firmat, 1612. Contrasting border to the base section. Overall of the best quality.
Category

Antique 18th Century and Earlier British Sculptures

Romantic Very Fine 19th Century Bronze Figure with Putti on Marble Base
By Hippolyte François Moreau
Located in Hopewell, NJ
A gorgeous very fine 19th century heavy bronze statue in a dramatic pose having a cherub by her feet and a rouge marble base. Title is Crepuscule or Twilight by Hippolyte Francois Mo...
Category

Antique 19th Century French Rococo Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Marble, Bronze

Rare 1850 Signed Pigalle Bronze Statue with Marble Base of Two Sitting Putti
By Jean Marie Pigalle
Located in New York, NY
A rare brown patina bronze figural sculpture of two young putti sitting on a sheaf of wheat. Signed by Jean Marie Pigalle (1792-1857). Raised on rouge marble base, circa 1850. This c...
Category

Antique Mid-19th Century French Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Marble, Bronze

Pair of French 19th Century Neoclassical Style Marble and Bronze Putti Lamps
Located in Atlanta, GA
A pair of French neoclassical style white marble and bronze putti lamps from the 19th century, with shades. Created in France during the 19th century, each of this pair of table lamp...
Category

Antique 19th Century French Neoclassical Table Lamps

Materials

Marble, Bronze

Pair of Gilt and Patinated Bronze Putti Torchères and Marble Pedestals
Located in New York, NY
A pair of important monumental gilt and patinated bronze Putti Torchères and marble pedestals. Origin: France Date: circa 1890 Dimension: 48 in. x 11 in. (Figures); 42 3/4 in...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century French Torchères

Materials

Bronze, Ormolu

Pair of Bronze Putti Lamps
Located in Montreal, QC
Pair of patinated bronze puttis in the manner of Clodion, one holding bagpipes, the other a bird; each surmounted on a fluted red marble column over octagonal socle, mounted as ...
Category

Antique 19th Century French Rococo Table Lamps

Materials

Marble, Bronze

  • Pair of Bronze Putti Lamps
  • Pair of Bronze Putti Lamps
  • Pair of Bronze Putti Lamps
  • Pair of Bronze Putti Lamps
H 29.5 in. Dm 15 in.
Early 19th Century Set of Four Trompe-L’Oeil Oil Paintings on Marble with Putti
Located in Palm Desert, CA
An early 19th century set of four trompe-l’œil oil overdoor paintings on marble representing allegories of the Arts by Flemish artist Piat-Joseph Sauvage (1744-1818). Painted on marb...
Category

Antique Early 19th Century French Paintings

Materials

Marble

Large Bronze Putti Candlesticks Signed Clodion
By Claude Michel Clodion
Located in Ulestraten, Limburg
Very stylish French bronze patinated and gilded candlesticks, with putti, Signed Clodion (Claude Michel Clodion, 1738-1814) in very good condition. Weight is 7.5 kg each. Dimensions...
Category

Antique 19th Century French Louis XVI Candelabras

Materials

Marble, Bronze

  • Large Bronze Putti Candlesticks Signed Clodion
  • Large Bronze Putti Candlesticks Signed Clodion
  • Large Bronze Putti Candlesticks Signed Clodion
  • Large Bronze Putti Candlesticks Signed Clodion
H 18.12 in. W 9.85 in. D 7.88 in.
Pair of Grand Tour Bronze Putti
Located in Montreal, QC
This charming young couple evoke summer in Italy. She with a bill hook and branch with fruiting vine, and her companion with a sheaf of wheat over his shoulder. Each is well modelled...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century Italian Classical Roman Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Marble, Bronze

  • Pair of Grand Tour Bronze Putti
  • Pair of Grand Tour Bronze Putti
  • Pair of Grand Tour Bronze Putti
  • Pair of Grand Tour Bronze Putti
H 8.5 in. W 2.75 in. D 2.75 in.
Pair of 19th Century Bronze Putti
Located in Brighton, Sussex
A fine quality pair of 19th century classical bronze seated putti, reading and writing, mounted on square rouge marble plinths and engraved gilded ormolu bases.
Category

Antique 19th Century French Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Marble, Bronze

  • Pair of 19th Century Bronze Putti
  • Pair of 19th Century Bronze Putti
  • Pair of 19th Century Bronze Putti
  • Pair of 19th Century Bronze Putti
H 16.54 in. W 7.09 in. D 7.09 in.
19th Century Bronze Group of Puttis on Marble Base, Signed by Clodion
By Claude Michel Clodion
Located in Esbeek, NL
Bronze puttis signed by Clodion, circa 1900 Beautiful patina and quality excellent condition.
Category

Antique Late 19th Century French Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Bronze

French Neoclassical Bronze Putti Lamps Signed Clodion
Located in San Francisco, CA
Finely cast bronze figural sculptures on marble bases with gilt bronze decoration. Recently re-wired and hold chandelier size light bulbs. Claude Michel (December 20, 1738 – March...
Category

Antique 19th Century French Neoclassical Table Lamps

Materials

Marble, Bronze

Étienne Blavet Bronze Putti 'Deux Amours', France, c. 1810
Located in Greding, DE
Pair of putti as personifications of two lovers on marbre griotte bases. Bronze burnished and gilded. Inscribed in cartouches on the fronts 'Il Finit Par Porter Des Fruits' and 'Il C...
Category

Antique 1810s French Empire Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Griotte Marble, Bronze

Pair of Antique Cast Bronze Putti Caryatid Figures
Located in Bridgeport, CT
In an overall verdigris patina. The elegant putti torsos end in acanthus leaves that scroll into double thin leafy vine supports with berries on the ends. The putti themselves wear w...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century Classical Greek Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Marble, Bronze

Pair of French 19th Century Bronze Putti Lamp
Located in New York, NY
Spectacular Pair of 19th century French Gilt Bronze Putti candelabra lamps. Original marble socle bases. True pair A left side and A right sided image. Each Bronze has it differences...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century French Neoclassical Table Lamps

Materials

Marble, Ormolu

V. Paillard, Pair of French Bronze Cupids or Putti Sculptures, circa 1860
By Victor Paillard
Located in Norwalk, CT
A fine pair of figural sculptures; each in the form of a patinated bronze cherub or putti with dove, raised on an oval red Griotte marble base. One depicting cherub composing a “Love...
Category

Antique 1860s French Sculptures

Materials

Griotte Marble, Marble, Bronze

Pair of Antique Gilt and Patinated Bronze Putti Candelabra
Located in Woodbury, CT
Each putto holds aloft a pair of gilt bronze candle cups. Currently wired as table lamps. They stand upon stepped and fluted rouge royal marble bases. S cluster bulb lamping. over...
Category

Antique Mid-19th Century French Louis XVI Candelabras

Materials

Marble, Bronze

Louis XVI Style Mantel Clock with Doves and Putti Playing Pipes
By Hamilton & Inches Ltd.
Located in Brighton, Sussex
A good quality French gilded ormolu, bronze and rouge marble mantel clock, in the Louis XVI style. Having Doves above the clock face, an enamel dial with an eight day movement, chimi...
Category

Antique 19th Century French Louis XVI Mantel Clocks

Materials

Marble, Bronze, Ormolu

Auguste Moreau Putti Raising a Jar Decorated with Satire Bronze, 19th Century
By Auguste Moreau
Located in Beuzevillette, FR
Delightful small bronze signed by Auguste Moreau (1834-1917) in bronze two patina, representing a gilt cherub holding a silver bronze jar decorated with floral motifs and the head of...
Category

Antique 1870s French Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Marble, Bronze

18th Century Neoclassical Dore and Patinated Bronze Two Light Putti Candelabra
Located in New York, NY
Fine pair of Dore and patinated bronze figural putti 18th century two light candelabra on original Saint Anne marble plinths. Each individually modelled as a classical youth holding ...
Category

Antique 18th Century European Neoclassical Candelabras

Materials

Marble, Bronze

20th Century Italian Bronze Inkwell with Bull Heads and Putti Embracing Lion
Located in Milan, IT
From Italy an early 20th century bronze inkwell resting on a double circular marble base, in black marble and Italian Alpi green marble. The body of the inkwell has a tripod base wit...
Category

Early 20th Century Italian Inkwells

Materials

Marble, Bronze

Pair of Gilt and Patinated Bronze Candelabra with Putti Holding Floral Bouquets
Located in Charleston, SC
Pair of candelabra with winged putti, each supporting a floral bouquet, on top of marble base. Each putti is patinated bronze and the bouquets are gilt bronze. The floral bouquet has...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century French Louis XVI Candelabras

Materials

Marble, Bronze, Ormolu

Huge 19th Century Philippe Mourey Ormolu Louis XVI Style Putti Candelabras
By Phillipe Mourey
Located in Biebergemund, Hessen
Impressive pair of 6-light French Empire torchères with winged putti made by Philippe Mourey (Paris 1840-1910) in 1870s. Each modeled, fine detailed ormolu pair of putti holding alof...
Category

Antique Mid-19th Century French Louis XIV Candelabras

Materials

Griotte Marble, Metal, Ormolu

18th Century Carved Italian Green and Gilt Wall Mount Console with Putti
Located in Round Top, TX
Stunning and ornate 18th century heavily carved Italian green and gold console with center putti face and green marble top. This console is so beautifully hand carved with fabulous a...
Category

Antique Mid-18th Century Italian Rococo Console Tables

Materials

Marble

Pair of French 19th-20th Century Louis XV Style Gilt-Bronze Putti Table Lamps
Located in Los Angeles, CA
A fine pair of French 19th-20th century Louis XV style figural gilt bronze Putti torchere table lamps on a Rouge Royal base. Each figure representing a seated Putto (child) holding a...
Category

Antique Early 1900s French Louis XV Table Lamps

Materials

Marble, Bronze, Ormolu

Silvered Bronze Putti Attached to Marble Pedestal Stand
Located in Vancouver, BC
Wonderful 19th century French silvered bronze Putti attached to marble pedestal stand. Panache antiques Vancouver.            
Category

Antique 19th Century French Baroque Revival Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Marble, Bronze, Silver

White Marble Statue of Bacchus or Putti, 19th Century
Located in Richebourg, Yvelines
White marble statue of Bacchus or putto, dating from the 19th century. Very finely carved this statue presents a putto crowned with vine leaves, busy pressing grapes in a cup. In Gre...
Category

Antique 19th Century French Classical Greek Statues

Materials

Marble

Bronze Putti on Marble Columns, France, Mid-19th Century
Located in Rome, IT
Two bronze putti, holing gold-plated cornucopia on "Fior Di Pesco" marble, France, Napoleon III style (circa 1850-1860).
Category

Antique Mid-19th Century French Napoleon III Mounted Objects

Materials

Marble, Bronze

Extraordinary Antique Statuary Marble Fireplace Carved in High Relief with Putti
Located in Saint Ouen, FR
This very rare fireplace sculpted in the late 19th century in Statuary Carrara marble comes from the area of Genoa in Italy. Entirely carved in high relief, this extraordinary piece ...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century Italian Napoleon III Fireplaces and Mantels

Materials

Statuary Marble

Pair of Putti Candelabra
Located in West Palm Beach, FL
Pair of bronze cherubs on fluted marble columns
Category

20th Century Italian Candle Holders

Materials

Marble, Ormolu, Bronze

  • Pair of Putti Candelabra
  • Pair of Putti Candelabra
  • Pair of Putti Candelabra
  • Pair of Putti Candelabra
H 20 in. W 9.5 in. D 6 in.
Gilded Bronze Putti Candlesticks
Located in Cathedral City, CA
A pair of gilded bronze putti candle sticks on a black marble base. 5 candles
Category

Antique 19th Century French Baroque Candle Holders

Materials

Marble, Ormolu

  • Gilded Bronze Putti Candlesticks
  • Gilded Bronze Putti Candlesticks
  • Gilded Bronze Putti Candlesticks
  • Gilded Bronze Putti Candlesticks
H 26 in. W 10 in. D 10 in.
French Bronze Sculpture with Two Cherub Putti on the Marble Base, 19th Century
Located in Vilnius, LT
French bronze sculpture with two cherub putti on the marble base 19th century. French figure from the late 19th century. One cherub is sitting and holding other baby with a hat. They...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century French Baroque Abstract Sculptures

Materials

Marble, Bronze

19th Century Italian Gilt Wine Table, Pink Marble Top, Putti, Vines and Grapes
Located in London, GB
An extraordinary console or centre table, the base with carved wood and gilt gesso formed of Bacchanalian putti amongst a vine with branches, leaves and bunches of grapes, on a simul...
Category

Antique Mid-19th Century Italian Baroque Revival Console Tables

Materials

Marble

20th Century Bronze Putti Candelabra
Located in London, GB
A great pair of bronze, black slate and variegated marble early 20th century Putti candelabra, circa.1910.
Category

Vintage 1910s French Table Lamps

Materials

Marble, Slate, Bronze, Ormolu

  • 20th Century Bronze Putti Candelabra
  • 20th Century Bronze Putti Candelabra
  • 20th Century Bronze Putti Candelabra
  • 20th Century Bronze Putti Candelabra
H 75 in. W 36 in. D 27 in.
19th Century Pair of Putti Cherub Candlesticks
Located in London, GB
A very attractive pair of French 19th century small bronze and ormolu cherub candlesticks mounted on white marble bases.
Category

Antique 19th Century French Louis Philippe Candlesticks

Materials

Marble, Bronze, Ormolu

  • 19th Century Pair of Putti Cherub Candlesticks
  • 19th Century Pair of Putti Cherub Candlesticks
  • 19th Century Pair of Putti Cherub Candlesticks
  • 19th Century Pair of Putti Cherub Candlesticks
H 7.88 in. W 2.37 in. D 2.37 in.
Elegant Wall Console Table with Putti, 19th Century
Located in Saint-Ouen, FR
Elegant wall console table with putti. Carrara white top marble, carved and gilt oak, 19th century, circa 1880. Measures: H 102.5 – L 128 – D 54 cm.
Category

Antique 1880s French Napoleon III Console Tables

Materials

Marble

  • Elegant Wall Console Table with Putti, 19th Century
  • Elegant Wall Console Table with Putti, 19th Century
  • Elegant Wall Console Table with Putti, 19th Century
  • Elegant Wall Console Table with Putti, 19th Century
H 40.16 in. W 50.4 in. D 21.26 in.
Pair of Patinated Bronze Putti Five-Light Candelabras, France, 1880
Located in Chicago, IL
Important pair of Neoclassical Louis XV style dark patinated and gilded bronze figural putti candelabras. The patinated bronze shaft depicting a winged putti or cherub with a rose ga...
Category

Antique 19th Century French Rococo Table Lamps

Materials

Marble, Bronze

Pair of 19th Century Louis XVI Style Gilt and Cast Bronze Putti Candelabra
Located in Brisbane, Queensland
A pair of late 19th century Louis XVI style candelabra, featuring a marble base, cast bronze putti and gilt floral branches.
Category

Antique Late 19th Century European Louis XVI Candelabras

Materials

Marble, Bronze

Pair 18thc Marble Putti Busts
Located in New Orleans, LA
Sweet Pair 18thc Marble Putti on Stands
Category

Antique Mid-18th Century French Busts

Materials

Marble

  • Pair 18thc Marble Putti Busts
  • Pair 18thc Marble Putti Busts
  • Pair 18thc Marble Putti Busts
  • Pair 18thc Marble Putti Busts
H 8 in. W 4.5 in. D 4.75 in.
Italian 19Th C Set of 4 Marble Putti Coffee Table
Located in West Palm Beach, FL
4 Marble Putti from Italy Fitted with a 3/4" Lucite Top. Each Putti measure 20"H X 20" W & 18" D.
Category

20th Century Italian Coffee and Cocktail Tables

Materials

Marble

17th Century Italian Marble Putti Sculpture
Located in Round Top, TX
Fine quality 17th century Italian marble sculpture of two puttis on a stand. The condition of this sculpture is pristine.
Category

Antique 17th Century Italian Mounted Objects

Materials

Marble

  • 17th Century Italian Marble Putti Sculpture
  • 17th Century Italian Marble Putti Sculpture
  • 17th Century Italian Marble Putti Sculpture
  • 17th Century Italian Marble Putti Sculpture
H 14.5 in. W 13.5 in. D 9.5 in.
17th Century Flemish Sculped Carrara Marble Putti
Located in Baambrugge, NL
These putti were made in the late 17th century by a Flemish artist. The putti are portrayed standing opposing and nude. They each have a floral garland draped from one shoulder and ...
Category

Antique Late 17th Century Belgian Baroque Statues

Materials

Carrara Marble

  • 17th Century Flemish Sculped Carrara Marble Putti
  • 17th Century Flemish Sculped Carrara Marble Putti
  • 17th Century Flemish Sculped Carrara Marble Putti
  • 17th Century Flemish Sculped Carrara Marble Putti
H 36.62 in. W 17.72 in. D 15.75 in.
19th Century Louis XVI Side Table French Writing Desk Ormolu Marble Putti
Located in FR
19th century Louis XVI French side table, circa 1850 Really charming centre table, Boudoir writing table single frieze drawer White marble top with ormolu details and putti side pane...
Category

Antique Mid-19th Century French Louis XVI Side Tables

Materials

Marble, Ormolu

Pair of Marble Winged Putti Sculptures
Located in Chicago, IL
A pair of fantastically carved marble Putti from France, circa 1880. On custom-made mounts. One has a repaired foot.
Category

Antique Late 19th Century French Figurative Sculptures

Materials

Marble

A Rare French Marble Relief of Putti
Located in Sheffield, MA
Carved throughtout with three putti figures
Category

Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Wall-mounted Sculptures

Materials

Marble

  • 1

Marble Putti For Sale on 1stDibs

With a vast inventory of beautiful furniture at 1stDibs, we’ve got just the marble putti you’re looking for. Each marble putti for sale was constructed with extraordinary care, often using marble, stone and metal. Your living room may not be complete without a marble putti — find older editions for sale from the 18th Century and newer versions made as recently as the 20th Century. A marble putti is a generally popular piece of furniture, but those created in Louis XVI, Neoclassical and Rococo styles are sought with frequency. A well-made marble putti has long been a part of the offerings for many furniture designers and manufacturers, but those produced by Claude Michel Clodion, Auguste Moreau and Ferdinand Barbedienne are consistently popular.

How Much is a Marble Putti?

The average selling price for a marble putti at 1stDibs is $3,975, while they’re typically $375 on the low end and $140,394 for the highest priced.