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Antoine-Louis Barye Art

ANTOINE-LOUIS BARYE (FRANCE, 1795–1875)

The son of a goldsmith, Parisian born Antoine-Louis Barye was a sculptor of animal subjects and acclaimed, not only for his apparent skill but as the founder of what became known as the French Animaliers School. Among his patrons were representatives of the state government and royalty, including the Duke of Orleans and the Dukes of Luynes, Montpensier and Nemours.

Well compensated financially, Barye was able to buy the best of materials and hire the country's most skilled foundry craftsmen. The foundry he hired was owned by Ferdinand Barbedienne and casts from this period were stamped with the letters, FB. However, he did not make a lot of money from his work because he was such a perfectionist that often he would not sell his work because he thought it was not "quite right." In 1848, he declared bankruptcy and his molds and plaster casts were sold along with the copyrights.

Barye's specialty was aroused, angry-seeming wild game such as lions and tigers and elephants, but he also did equestrian groups and mythology figures. In order to do realistic depictions of animal anatomy, he spent much time at the Jardin des Plantes in Paris. His early training was as an apprentice to a metal engraver, but being drafted in the army in 1812 ended that education. In 1832, he had established his studio, and unique at that time was his method of cold stamping his bronze casts so that each one had a special number. He had his first entry, The Milo of Croton, in the Paris Salon in 1819, winning a second prize. In 1831, a work regarded as a masterpiece, Tiger Devouring a Gavial, was in the Salon and purchased for the Luxembourg Gardens, which is now in the Louvre. However, many of his subsequent Salon submissions were rejected and so angered him that between 1836 and 1851, he refused to submit entries. In 1851, he again exhibited at the Salon with Jaguar Devouring A Hare, and this work, like the 1831 entry, was placed in the Luxembourg Gardens and eventually in the Louvre.

In spite of problems with the Salon, Barye received many accolades for his work, and the period of 1837–48 was considered the most productive time of his career. However, in 1848, when he lost control of his work and it was reproduced by others including Martin and Barbedienne, the sculptures, according to some art professionals, are not as skillfully executed. In 1848, after his bankruptcy, Barye became director of Casts and Models in the Louvre, until 1850, when he was replaced by Emmanuel Fremiet. It was a very difficult time for him. However, within a few years, he began receiving accolades for the quality and uniqueness of his work, and people began appreciating the powerful images of his sculpture, especially the wildlife in their natural surroundings. In 1854, he was appointed Master of Zoological Drawing in the Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle and held this position until his death in 1875.

(Biography provided by Gallery of the Masters)
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Sculpture of "A Rearing Bull" by animalier Antoine-Louis Barye
By Antoine-Louis Barye
Located in New York, NY
Antoine-Louis Barye was acclaimed as the finest sculptor of the French Animaliers School. As a 19th century sculptor he was an advocate for both naturalism and romanticism. This rear...
Category

19th Century Antoine-Louis Barye Art

Materials

Bronze

Bronze sculptureof "Horse Surprised by a Lion" by Antoine-Louis Barye ca. 1833
By Antoine-Louis Barye
Located in New York, NY
Category

19th Century Antoine-Louis Barye Art

Materials

Bronze

Bronze Model of an Egyptian Dromedary Camel by Antoine-Louis Barye circa 1860's
By Antoine-Louis Barye
Located in SANTA FE, NM
A Bronze Model of a Saddled Egyptian Dromedary Camel Antoine-Louis Barye (French, 1795-1875) circa 1860's 10 1/8 x 10 1/4 x 3 3/4 inches Though Barye sculpted several different type...
Category

1860s Romantic Antoine-Louis Barye Art

Materials

Bronze

French Animalier bronze of a Standing Basset Hound by Antoine-Louis Barye
By Antoine-Louis Barye
Located in Bath, GB
Standing Basset bronze with black patination by French animalier sculptor Antoine-Louis Barye (1795-1875). This was first modelled in the 1830's and listed in the sculptor's first ca...
Category

Early 20th Century Naturalistic Antoine-Louis Barye Art

Materials

Bronze

Manchu Tartar
By Antoine-Louis Barye
Located in New York, NY
ANTOINE-LOUIS BARYE French, (1796-1875) Manchu Tartar Patinated Bronze; Signed BARYE on base 21 x 8 1/2 inches
Category

Mid-19th Century Antoine-Louis Barye Art

Materials

Bronze

Etude de Tigre
By Antoine-Louis Barye
Located in Roma, IT
Fine print with sheet in perfect conditions, on vélin blanc fort, belonging to the Bertauts Edition. Perfect and vivid impression. Full margins. Ref. Delteil 2.
Category

1830s Realist Antoine-Louis Barye Art

Materials

Lithograph

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