Skip to main content

Czech Mid Century Cabinet

6
to
133
903
71
965
885
324
76
66
56
8
7
5
4
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
275
135
50
48
47
Sort By
Czech Mid-Century Side Table, Cabinet Made Out of Oak, 1950s, Refreshed Polish
Located in Horomerice, CZ
Completely restored Czech mid-century side table - cabinet made out of oak, 1950s, refreshed polish
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Oak

Original Mid-Century Sideboard, Maple, Well Preserved, Czech, 1950s
Located in Horomerice, CZ
classic Mid-Century Modern (MCM) design elements. Elements of MCM interior design include clean lines
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Wood, Maple, Lacquer

Custom Czech Oak Mid-Century Sideboard, 1950s, Well Preserved
Located in Horomerice, CZ
Czech mid-century sideboard. Material: Oak Original very well preserved condition Includes a
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Oak, Wood

Mid Century Cabinet by UP Zavody
By Up Závody
Located in Brno, CZ
This Mid Century Cabinet has been designed and produced by UP Zavody in the 1960’s, in former
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Beech

Mid Century Cabinet by UP Zavody
Mid Century Cabinet by UP Zavody
H 51.19 in W 35.44 in D 15.75 in
Unique Czech Ash Mid-Century Bookcase, 1950s, Well Preserved Condition
Located in Horomerice, CZ
Czech mid-century bookcase Material: Ash Original very well preserved condition.
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Bookcases

Materials

Ash, Wood

Unique Czech Mid-Century Bookcase, 1950s, Well Preserved Condition, Walnut
Located in Horomerice, CZ
Czech mid-century bookcase Material: Walnut and glass Original very well preserved condition.
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Bookcases

Materials

Glass, Wood, Ash

Czech Mid-Century Sideboard, 1950s, Well Preserved, Ash. Jitona Soběslav
By Jitona
Located in Horomerice, CZ
Czech mid-century sideboard. Material: Ash Original very well preserved condition We
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Wood, Ash

Czech Mid-Century Sideboard, 1950s, Well Preserved, Ash. JITONA Soběslav
By Jitona
Located in Horomerice, CZ
Czech mid-century sideboard. Material: Ash Original very well preserved condition We
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Wood, Ash

Mid-Century Drawer Cabinet, Jitona, 1970's
By Jitona
Located in Praha, CZ
Made in Czechoslovakia. Made of wood. Re-polished Fully functional. Good original condition.
Category

Vintage 1970s Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Wood

Mid-Century Drawer Cabinet, Jitona, 1970's
Mid-Century Drawer Cabinet, Jitona, 1970's
H 17.33 in W 33.47 in D 19.69 in
Czech Oak Mid-Century Sideboard, 1950s, Well Preserved, Ash and Mahogany
Located in Horomerice, CZ
Czech mid-century sideboard. Material: Ash and Mahogany Original very well preserved condition
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Ash, Mahogany, Wood

1960's Four Door Birch Cabinet, Nabytek Czech
Located in Hook, Hampshire
. Beautiful simple and classic mid century cabinet sourced in the Czech Republic. Produced by Nabytek in Brno
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Shelves

Materials

Birch

1960's Four Door Birch Cabinet, Nabytek Czech
1960's Four Door Birch Cabinet, Nabytek Czech
H 62.6 in W 43.31 in D 18.51 in
1960's Glass Fronted Mirrored Back Cabinet, Nabytek Czech
Located in Hook, Hampshire
Cabinet – Nabytek Czech. Beautiful simple and classic mid century cabinet sourced in the Czech Republic
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Shelves

Materials

Oak

Fully restored mid century sideboard U-452 by Jiří Jiroutek, 1960´s, Czech.
By Jiri Jiroutek, Interiér Praha
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century sideboard-cabinet with sliding doors, catalogue No. U-452, designed by Jiri Jiroutek
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Laminate, Wood, Beech, Plywood

Fully restored mid century sideboard U-452 by Jiří Jiroutek, 1960´s, Czech.
By Jiri Jiroutek, Interiér Praha
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century sideboard-cabinet with sliding doors, catalogue No. U-452, designed by Jiri Jiroutek
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Laminate, Wood, Beech, Plywood

Fully Restored Mid Century Sideboard U-450 by Jiří Jiroutek, 1960´s, Czech
By Jiri Jiroutek, Interiér Praha
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century sideboard-cabinet, catalogue No. U-450, designed by Jiri Jiroutek. It´s made of
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Laminate, Beech, Plywood

Fully Restored Mid Century Sideboard U-452 by Jiří Jiroutek, 1960´S, Czech
By Jiri Jiroutek, Interiér Praha
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century sideboard-cabinet with sliding doors, catalogue No. U-452, designed by Jiri Jiroutek
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Laminate, Wood, Beech, Plywood

Mid century colorful kitchen cabinet, Czechoslovakia, 1950´s, Central Europe
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century colorful kitchen cabinet or chest of drawers, made in the 1950´s in Central Europe
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Formica, Wood, Ash, Beech, Plywood

Fully Restored Mid Century Sideboard U-452 by Jiří Jiroutek, 1960´Ss, Czech
By Jiri Jiroutek, Interiér Praha
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century sideboard-cabinet with sliding doors, catalogue No. U-452, designed by Jiri Jiroutek
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Laminate, Wood, Beech, Plywood

Mid-Century Modern Cabinet Made in 1940s Czechia, Fully Restored
By Krasna JIzba
Located in Horomerice, CZ
the original process. Sold individually. This item features classic Mid-Century Modern (MCM
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Glass, Ash

Mid century cabinet with build-in gramophone and radio, 1950´s
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century cabinet with build-in record player and radio, it was made in the former Czechoslovakia
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Wood, Walnut

Mid Century Modern Cabinet Made in 1940s Czechia, Fully Restored
By Krasna JIzba
Located in Horomerice, CZ
the original process. Sold individually. This item features classic Mid-Century Modern (MCM
Category

Vintage 1950s Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Ash

Fully Restored Mid Century Sideboard U-450 by Jiří Jiroutek, 1960´S, Czech
By Jiri Jiroutek, Interiér Praha
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century sideboard-cabinet, catalogue No. U-450, designed by Jiri Jiroutek. It´s made of
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Scandinavian Modern Sideboards

Materials

Laminate, Wood, Beech, Plywood

Mid Century Glazed Cabinet, UP Závody, Czechoslovakia, 1960´S
By Up Závody
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Multi-purpose glazed cabinet, made for ÚP Závody in the 1960s. Made in a combination of ash, elm
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Wood, Ash, Birch, Elm, Maple, Poplar, Walnut

Fully Restored Mid-Century Sideboard U-452 by Jiří Jiroutek, 1960's, Czech
By Jiri Jiroutek, Interiér Praha
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid-century sideboard-cabinet with sliding doors, catalogue No. U-452, designed by Jiri Jiroutek
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Scandinavian Modern Sideboards

Materials

Laminate, Wood, Beech, Plywood

Fully Restored Mid Century Sideboard U-450 by Jiří Jiroutek, 1960's, Czech
By Jiri Jiroutek, Interiér Praha
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century sideboard-cabinet, catalogue No. U-450, designed by Jiri Jiroutek. It´s made of
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Scandinavian Modern Sideboards

Materials

Laminate, Wood, Beech, Plywood

1960's Four Door Birch Two Tone Cabinet, Nabytek Czech
Located in Hook, Hampshire
– Nabytek Czech. Beautiful simple and classic mid century cabinet sourced in the Czech Republic. Produced by
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Shelves

Materials

Birch

Mid-Century Cabinet High Gloss by Tatra Pravenec, 1970s Czechoslovakia
By Tatra Pravenec
Located in Praha, CZ
- 1970's - Made of wood - In high gloss - Good condition.
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Wood

Mid century Vintage small TV cabinet by František Jirák, 1960´s, Czechoslovakia
By Tatra Pravenec, Frantisek Jirak
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century Vintage small cabinet or TV table from the 1960´s. It was designed by František Jirák
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Walnut, Plywood

Mid century Vintage small TV cabinet by František Jirák, 1960´s, Czechoslovakia
By Frantisek Jirak
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century Vintage small cabinet or TV table from the 1960´s. It was designed by František Jirák
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Wood, Walnut, Plywood

1960's Large Mid Century Sideboard - Cabinet - Up Zavody
Located in Hook, Hampshire
– Cabinet. Superb practical piece of mid century storage by the Czech maker Up Zavody and designed by
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Shelves

Materials

Birch

Mid-Century Vintage Small TV Cabinet by František Jirák, 1960's, Czechoslovakia
By Tatra Pravenec, Frantisek Jirak
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid-century vintage small cabinet or TV table from the 1960´s. It was designed by František Jirák
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Wood, Walnut, Plywood

Fully Restored Mid Century Chest of Drawers U-458 by Jiri Jiroutek, Czech, 60's
By Jiri Jiroutek, Interiér Praha
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid-century chest of drawers, model no. U-458, designed by Jiri Jiroutek. It was made in the 1960´s
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Wood, Beech, Plywood

1970's Large Mid-Century Glass Fronted Bookcase, Cabinet
Located in Hook, Hampshire
bookcase – cabinet. Beautiful simple and classic mid century shelving unit sourced in the Czech Republic
Category

Vintage 1970s Czech Shelves

Materials

Oak

Mid-Century Upcycled Cabinet on High Gloss, 1960's
Located in Praha, CZ
- Made in Czechoslovakia - Made of wood, glass, veneer - Good, original condition - Black top glass is new.
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Glass, Wood

1960's Large Mid Century Desk - Cabinet - Up Zavody
Located in Hook, Hampshire
1960's Large Mid Century Desk -Cabinet - Up Zavody. Superb practical piece of mid century storage
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Shelves

Materials

Oak

Mid-Century Display Cabinet Made in Czechia, '50s, Restored Oak
Located in Horomerice, CZ
20th century mid-century display cabinet Material: oak.
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Wardrobes and Armoires

Materials

Wood, Oak

Mid century wall shelf cabinet 1960´s by UP Závody, Czechoslovakia
By Up Závody
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century wall shelf cabinet from the 1960´s. It was by UP Závody in the former Czechoslovakia
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Bookcases

Materials

Wood, Ash, Beech, Plywood

1960s Czech Metal Shelves
Located in High Point, NC
This 1960s Czech Metal Shelving unit is a stunning example of industrial design, marrying
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Shelves

Materials

Metal

1960s Czech Metal Shelves
1960s Czech Metal Shelves
H 53.1 in W 33.9 in D 15 in
1960's Two Door Large Mid Century Cabinet - Up Zavody
Located in Hook, Hampshire
1960’s Two Door Large Mid Century Cabinet – Up Zavody 1960’s Two Door Large Mid Century Cabinet
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Shelves

Materials

Birch

1960's Large Mid-Century Glass Fronted Cabinet, Up Zavody
Located in Hook, Hampshire
cabinet – Up Zavody. Superb practical piece of mid century storage by the Czech maker Up Zavody and
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Shelves

Materials

Birch

1960's Large Mid Century Glass Fronted Cabinet - Up Zavody
Located in Hook, Hampshire
Cabinet – Up Zavody. Superb practical piece of mid century storage by the Czech maker Up Zavody and
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Shelves

Materials

Birch

Mid-Century Modernist Chest of Drawers No. U-453, by Jiří Jiroutek, Czech
By Jiri Jiroutek, Interiér Praha
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Modernist chest of drawers, model no. U-453, designed by Jirí Jiroutek for Interiér Praha. It was made in the former Czechoslovakia in the 1960´s. This model is associated with the w...
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Wood, Beech, Plywood

1960s Czech Metal School Desk
Located in High Point, NC
Transport yourself back to the charming classrooms of the 1960s with this vintage Czech metal
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Desks

Materials

Metal

1960s Czech Metal School Desk
1960s Czech Metal School Desk
H 47.6 in W 31.7 in D 20.7 in
1950s Czech Metal Shelves
Located in High Point, NC
A metal shelving unit from Czechia, produced circa 1950. At a height around three feet, this short shelf features three tiers of winged shelves, separated by thin cylindrical support...
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Shelves

Materials

Metal

1950s Czech Metal Shelves
1950s Czech Metal Shelves
H 41.7 in W 20.5 in D 19.7 in
Mid century Vintage small TV cabinet by František Jirák, 1960´s, Czechoslovakia
By Tatra Pravenec, Frantisek Jirak
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century Vintage small cabinet or TV table from the 1960´s. It was designed by František Jirák
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Secretaires

Materials

Wood, Walnut, Plywood

Mid century Vintage small TV cabinet by František Jirák, 1960´s, Czechoslovakia
By Frantisek Jirak, Tatra Pravenec
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century Vintage small cabinet or TV table from the 1960´s. It was designed by František Jirák
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Secretaires

Materials

Wood, Walnut, Plywood

1960's Mid Century Modern Flower Stand
Located in Brno, CZ
Original 1960’s Mid Century Modern Flower stand. A delightful composition of black painted steel
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Cabinets

Materials

Steel

1960's Mid Century Modern Flower Stand
1960's Mid Century Modern Flower Stand
H 46.07 in W 17.33 in D 13.78 in
Czech Steel Tube Side Table Sideboard, 1930s
Located in Wien, AT
Made in the 1930s in the Czech Republic. Chromed tubular steel construction in very nice condition
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Art Deco Sideboards

Materials

Steel, Chrome

Czech Steel Tube Side Table Sideboard, 1930s
Czech Steel Tube Side Table Sideboard, 1930s
H 26.38 in W 14.97 in D 15.36 in
Mid-Century Wall Shelf, 1960's
Located in Praha, CZ
Made in Czechoslovakia Made of wood, glass Original condition.
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Mid-Century Modern Shelves and Wall Cabinets

Materials

Glass, Wood

Mid-Century Wall Shelf, 1960's
Mid-Century Wall Shelf, 1960's
H 8.67 in W 35.83 in D 9.06 in
Mid-Century Wall Shelf, 1960's
Located in Praha, CZ
Made in Czechoslovakia Made of wood, glass Original condition.
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Mid-Century Modern Shelves and Wall Cabinets

Materials

Glass, Wood

Mid-Century Wall Shelf, 1960's
Mid-Century Wall Shelf, 1960's
H 8.67 in W 35.83 in D 9.06 in
Mid-century Wall Wooden Shelf, 1950's.
Located in Praha, CZ
Made in Czechoslovakia Made of Wood The wood was washed and a hard wax oil was applied With aged patina Good Original Condition
Category

Vintage 1950s Czech Mid-Century Modern Shelves and Wall Cabinets

Materials

Wood

Mid-century  Wall Wooden Shelf, 1950's.
Mid-century  Wall Wooden Shelf, 1950's.
H 6.7 in W 13.39 in D 9.06 in
Modernist Czech Beech Wardrobe by František Jirák for Tatra, 1960s
By Tatra Pravenec, Frantisek Jirak
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Vintage Czechoslovak modernist wardrobe designed by Frantisek Jirak for Tatra nabytok. Made in Czechoslovakia during the 1960s. It is made of beech wood and plywood. This item is in ...
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Scandinavian Modern Cabinets

Materials

Wood, Beech

Mid-Century Model U391 Bar Cabinet by Bohumil Landsman for Jitona, 1960s
By Jitona, Bohumil Landsman
Located in GNIEZNO, 30
Soběslav furniture factory in the Czech Republic. Originally, the piece of furniture was used as a
Category

Vintage 1960s Czech Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Beech, Oak, Walnut

Mid-Century Sideboard, Czechoslovakia
Located in Praha, CZ
- 1970's - Made of wood - Partly carefully refurbished - Doors are in high gloss - Good condition.
Category

Vintage 1970s Czech Mid-Century Modern Sideboards

Materials

Wood

Mid-Century Sideboard, Czechoslovakia
Mid-Century Sideboard, Czechoslovakia
H 30.71 in W 38.98 in D 15.75 in
Mid Century Dresser, 1960´S, Czechoslovakia
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Vintage dresser(bedding cabinet) from the 60s of the last century. Made in the former
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Dressers

Materials

Wood, Beech, Oak

Mid Century Dresser, 1960´S, Czechoslovakia
Mid Century Dresser, 1960´S, Czechoslovakia
H 33.47 in W 36.23 in D 9.45 in
Mid-Century Wall Shelf and Hook, 1970's
Located in Praha, CZ
Made in Czechoslovakia Made of wood Re-polished Original condition.
Category

Vintage 1970s Czech Mid-Century Modern Shelves and Wall Cabinets

Materials

Wood

Mid-Century Wall Shelf and Hook, 1970's
Mid-Century Wall Shelf and Hook, 1970's
H 9.85 in W 27.56 in D 8.27 in
Mid century wall shelf by ULUV, Czechoslovakia 1960´s
By ULUV Krásná jizba
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century wooden shelf made by ULUV company in the former Czechoslovakia in the 1960´s. It´s made
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Shelves and Wall Cabinets

Materials

Wood, Beech

Mid Century Wall Shelf by Krásná Jizba, Czechoslovakia 1960s
By Krasna JIzba
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century wooden shelf made by Krásná Jizba company in the former Czechoslovakia in the 1960´s
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Shelves and Wall Cabinets

Materials

Wood, Beech

Vintage Industrial Storage Cabinet
Located in Praha, CZ
Unique vintage industrial shelf cabinet This piece will add that now so modern industrial touch to
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Industrial Cabinets

Materials

Metal

Vintage Industrial Storage Cabinet
Vintage Industrial Storage Cabinet
H 35.44 in W 39.38 in D 14.57 in
Mid century Bookcase, 1960´s, Czechoslovakia
Located in Prague 8, CZ
Mid century bookcase from the 1960´s. It was made in the former Czechoslovakia. It´s made of
Category

Mid-20th Century Czech Mid-Century Modern Bookcases

Materials

Metal

Mid century Bookcase, 1960´s, Czechoslovakia
Mid century Bookcase, 1960´s, Czechoslovakia
H 64.18 in W 40.56 in D 11.82 in
  • 1
  • ...
Get Updated with New Arrivals
Save "Czech Mid Century Cabinet", and we’ll notify you when there are new listings in this category.

Czech Mid Century Cabinet For Sale on 1stDibs

Choose from an assortment of styles, material and more with respect to the Czech mid century cabinet you’re looking for at 1stDibs. Frequently made of wood, hardwood and metal, every Czech mid century cabinet was constructed with great care. There are 380 variations of the antique or vintage Czech mid century cabinet you’re looking for, while we also have 1 modern editions of this piece to choose from as well. Your living room may not be complete without a Czech mid century cabinet — find older editions for sale from the 19th Century and newer versions made as recently as the 21st Century. Each Czech mid century cabinet bearing mid-century modern, industrial or Scandinavian Modern hallmarks is very popular. Jiri Jiroutek, Interiér Praha and Frantisek Mezulanik each produced at least one beautiful Czech mid century cabinet that is worth considering.

How Much is a Czech Mid Century Cabinet?

A Czech mid century cabinet can differ in price owing to various characteristics — the average selling price 1stDibs is $1,095, while the lowest priced sells for $255 and the highest can go for as much as $20,000.

Finding the Right storage-case-pieces for You

Of all the vintage storage cabinets and antique case pieces that have become popular in modern interiors over the years, dressers, credenzas and cabinets have long been home staples, perfect for routine storage or protection of personal items. 

In the mid-19th century, cabinetmakers would mimic styles originating in the Louis XIV, Louis XV and Louis XVI eras for their dressers, bookshelves and other structures, and, later, simpler, streamlined wood designs allowed these “case pieces” or “case goods” — any furnishing that is unupholstered and has some semblance of a storage component — to blend into the background of any interior. 

Mid-century modern furniture enthusiasts will cite the tall modular wall units crafted in teak and other sought-after woods of the era by the likes of George Nelson, Poul Cadovius and Finn Juhl. For these highly customizable furnishings, designers of the day delivered an alternative to big, heavy bookcases by considering the use of space — and, in particular, walls — in new and innovative ways. Mid-century modern credenzas, which, long and low, evolved from tables that were built as early as the 14th century in Italy, typically have no legs or very short legs and have grown in popularity as an alluring storage option over time. 

Although the name immediately invokes images of clothing, dressers were initially created in Europe for a much different purpose. This furnishing was initially a flat-surfaced, low-profile side table equipped with a few drawers — a common fixture used to dress and prepare meats in English kitchens throughout the Tudor period. The drawers served as perfect utensil storage. It wasn’t until the design made its way to North America that it became enlarged and equipped with enough space to hold clothing and cosmetics. The very history of case pieces is a testament to their versatility and well-earned place in any room. 

In the spirit of positioning your case goods center stage, decluttering can now be design-minded.

A contemporary case piece with open shelving and painted wood details can prove functional as a storage unit as easily as it can a room divider. Alternatively, apothecary cabinets are charming case goods similar in size to early dressers or commodes but with uniquely sized shelving and (often numerous) drawers.

Whether you’re seeking a playful sideboard that features colored glass and metal details, an antique Italian hand-carved storage cabinet or a glass-door vitrine to store and show off your collectibles, there are options for you on 1stDibs.