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Gianfranco Frattini Lounge Chairs

By Cassina, Gianfranco Frattini
Gianfranco Frattini Lounge Chairs
Cassina, Gianfranco Frattini
Vintage 1950s Italian Mid-Century Modern Lounge Chairs
Metal, Fabric
Rare pair of #830 armchairs by Gianfranco Frattini. Upholstered armchairs with wide arms and black painted metal legs. Produced by Cassina, and recently reupholstered in gray velvet.
Dining Table by 1970s B&B Italia in Leather and Marble
Dining Table by 1970s B&B Italia in Leather and Ma...
B&B Italia
Vintage 1970s Italian Mid-Century Modern Dining Room Tables
Leather, Marble
B&B Italia dining table in marble and leather from Italy made in the 1970s. Centre table with off white leather base and white marble top. The bright white veins shows beautiful veins w...
Illum Wikkelsø 'Pyramid' Chair in Teak and Leather

By Holger Christiansen, Illum Wikelsö
Illum Wikkelsø 'Pyramid' Chair in Teak and Leather...
Holger Christiansen, Illum Wikelsö
Vintage 1960s Danish Mid-Century Modern Chairs
Leather, Teak
Illum Wikkelso for Holger Christiansen, lounge chair model V11 'Pyramid,' teak and leather, by Denmark 1960s. Lounge chair in dark brown colored leather. This lounge chair was named...
Incomparable Set of Ten Dining Chairs by Erik Andersen and Palle Pedersen

By Randers Møbelfabrik, Erik Kollig Andersen and Palle Pedersen
Incomparable Set of Ten Dining Chairs by Erik Ande...
Randers Møbelfabrik, Erik Kollig Andersen and Palle Pedersen
Vintage 1960s Danish Mid-Century Modern Dining Room Chairs
Teak
An Magnificent set of ten (10) teak dining chairs by Erik Kollig Andersen and Palle Pedersen for A/S Randers Mobelfabrik, circa 1963. Design, material quality and craftsmanship that is ...
Uique Ceramic Centrepiece by Franco Bucci for Laboratorio Pesaro

By Franco Bucci, Laboratorio Pesaro
Uique Ceramic Centrepiece by Franco Bucci for Labo...
Franco Bucci, Laboratorio Pesaro
Vintage 1970s Italian Mid-Century Modern Bowls and Baskets
Ceramic
Remarkable handcrafted ceramic centrepiece by Franco Bucci for Laboratorio Pesaro. Large and very thin piece with delicate pink surface finish.
Enchanting Velvet Daybed with Suede Cushions by Ar...
Vintage 1940s Italian Mid-Century Modern Daybeds
Brass, Suede, Velvet, Wood
Chic Daybed designed by Mario Loreti in, circa 1940 for a private commission in Varese. Re upholstered, like original, in clear pure cotton Italian grey velvet with cushions and tapes ...
Large Beverly Pepper Steel Sculpture, circa 1968

By Beverly Pepper
Large Beverly Pepper Steel Sculpture, circa 1968
Beverly Pepper
Mid-20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Sculptures and Carvings
Steel
Beverly Pepper (American, b. 1922) untitled, 1968. Steel sculpture in four parts with blue painted interior. Unsigned. Measure: Height 65 1/4 inches; width 36 inches; depth 30 inches. P...
Stilnovo Perforated Metal Three Pendant Chandelier, Italy, 1950s
Stilnovo Perforated Metal Three Pendant Chandelier...
Stilnovo
Vintage 1950s Italian Mid-Century Modern Chandeliers and Pendants
Brass, Aluminum
A rare model with great scale, the individual pendants are adjustable.
La Borne Ceramics, 1950s French Graffiti Enameled Stoneware Gray Large Vase

By La Borne Potters
La Borne Ceramics, 1950s French Graffiti Enameled ...
La Borne Potters
Vintage 1950s French Mid-Century Modern Vases and Vessels
Ceramic, Pottery, Stoneware
A large Mid-Century Modern organic ceramic vase, signed, created in La Borne (La Loire Valley) France, in grès stoneware skilfully enameled in a pebble gray tint and decorated with a ha...
Italian Recliner Chairs

Italian Recliner Chairs
Vintage 1950s Italian Mid-Century Modern Armchairs
1950s Italian recliner chairs, new upholstered and refurbished. Metal legs and brass bouts. Chairs total extended length is 60 inches.
Edward Wormley's Stunning Étagère Bookcase for Drexel in Ebonized Lacquer Finish

By Edward Wormley, Drexel
Edward Wormley's Stunning Étagère Bookcase for Dre...
Edward Wormley, Drexel
Vintage 1950s American Mid-Century Modern Bookcases
Wood
Edward Wormley's stunning book case for Drexel in ebonized lacquer finish. This is from Wormley most successful line for Drexel furniture company. The case has been restored and refinis...
French, Mid-Century Modern Ceramic Coffee Table by Artist Pierre Saint Paul
French, Mid-Century Modern Ceramic Coffee Table by...
Pierre Saint Paul
Vintage 1950s French Mid-Century Modern Coffee and Cocktail Tables
Ceramic, Iron
Unique ceramic coffee table with three distinctive painted ceramic tiles sitting on a rectangular iron frame by artist Pierre Saint-Paul, France, circa 1950. Pierre Saint-Paul (1926) w...
1960s Pair of Romeo Rega Table Lamps in Brass & Ch...
Romeo Rega
Vintage 1970s Italian Mid-Century Modern Table Lamps
Brass, Textile, Chrome
Large pair of geometrical Romeo Rega table lamps with frames in alternating brass and chrome square tubes. The original square taupe shades are edged with brass on the top and bottom. ...
Laska Credenza in Quarter-Sawn White Oak, Three Drawers, One Door, Customizable
Customizable
Laska Credenza in Quarter-Sawn White Oak, Three Dr...
Rather Well Design
2010s American Mid-Century Modern Credenzas
Wood, Oak
The Laska credenza is built in our Brooklyn studio using premium hardwoods and thoughtfully selected wood veneers. This piece features custom veneered panels framed flush with solid har...
Florian Schulz Double Onos 55 Pendant Lamp with Side Counter Weights

By Florian Schulz
Florian Schulz Double Onos 55 Pendant Lamp with Si...
Florian Schulz
Vintage 1970s German Mid-Century Modern Chandeliers and Pendants
Really beautiful Florian Schulz double Onos 55 pendant lamp with one E27 / model for each lamp and newly wired.
Set of Four 1970s Arne Jacobsen Danish 'Fourmi' Side Chairs with Sunny Color
Set of Four 1970s Arne Jacobsen Danish 'Fourmi' Si...
Arne Jacobsen
Mid-20th Century Danish Mid-Century Modern Side Chairs
Metal, Wood
A set of four signed Arne Jacobsen "Fourmi" side chairs from 1970s Denmark with original painted wood seats and splayed and tubular metal legs. These iconic Mid-Century signed chairs, d...
Pair of Kaare Klint Easy Chairs in Niger Leather

By Kaare Klint, Rud Rasmussen
Pair of Kaare Klint Easy Chairs in Niger Leather
Kaare Klint, Rud Rasmussen
Mid-20th Century Danish Mid-Century Modern Armchairs
Leather, Mahogany
Kaare Klint & Rud Rasmussen A rare pair of Kaare Klint chairs Model KK5313, manufactured by Rud Rasmussen Cabinetmakers. The frame is crafted from solid mahogany and the seat/back...
Modular Teak and Upholstered Sofa by Sorlie & Sarpsbord

By Karl Sorlie
Modular Teak and Upholstered Sofa by Sorlie & Sarp...
Karl Sorlie
Vintage 1960s Norwegian Mid-Century Modern Sofas
Teak
Karl Sorlie and Sonner Sarpsbord modular sofa circa early 1960s from Norway. This versatile example has been newly upholstered and can be arranged in a few different configurations. The...
Nada Debs Pinewood Armchair, Pinewood, Mother-of-Pearl Inlays, Leather
Nada Debs Pinewood Armchair, Pinewood, Mother-of-P...
Nada Debs
21st Century and Contemporary Lebanese Mid-Century Modern Armchairs
Nada Debs pinewood armchair, pinewood with mother-of-pearl inlays, leather. Mid-Century Modern design. Condition: New Production lead time: Available now for pick up or shipping. C...
Gianfranco Frattini Rare Midcentury Boutique Display Table

By Gianfranco Frattini
Gianfranco Frattini Rare Midcentury Boutique Displ...
Gianfranco Frattini
Mid-20th Century Italian Mid-Century Modern Industrial and Work Tables
Aluminum, Mahogany
Rare and sophisticated boutique display table designed in the 1950s by Gianfranco Frattini and executed by L.A.M.A.T. Arredamenti Torino. Most probably this display table made of mah...
Rare Double Shade Floor Lamp ‘Cone and Cobra’ by Greta Grossman

By Ralph O. Smith, Greta Magnusson-Grossman
Rare Double Shade Floor Lamp ‘Cone and Cobra’ by G...
Ralph O. Smith, Greta Magnusson-Grossman
20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Floor Lamps
Aluminum, Chrome
Designed 1948-1949 by Greta Grossman. Enameled aluminium, chrome-plated steel. Manufactured by Ralph O. Smith Cast manufacturer's marks to underside.
Etienne Kohlmann Club Chairs

By Etienne Kohlmann
Etienne Kohlmann Club Chairs
Etienne Kohlmann
Mid-20th Century French Mid-Century Modern Club Chairs
Fabric
A pair of fabric upholstered, club chairs by Etienne Kohlmann, accented with patinated, wrought-iron feet. France, circa 1940.
Iconic Raymond Loewy Red, Orange Free Standing Low Two-Sided Cabinet

By Raymond Loewy, Doubinsky Freres
Iconic Raymond Loewy Red, Orange Free Standing Low...
Raymond Loewy, Doubinsky Freres
Vintage 1960s French Mid-Century Modern Sideboards
Metal, Plastic, Wood
Raymond Loewy Classic "DF-2000" series for Doubinsky Frères, France, 1960s. Sideboard, dresser, cabinet or shop counter with signature, red and orange molded plastic drawers that open ...
Rosewood Lounge Chair in Black Faux Leather by MIM, Italy

By Mobili Italiani Moderni (MIM)
Rosewood Lounge Chair in Black Faux Leather by MIM...
Mobili Italiani Moderni (MIM)
Vintage 1960s Italian Mid-Century Modern Armchairs
Rosewood
MIM Roma, rosewood, black faux leather, Italy, 1960s. Armchair with rosewood frame and orange fabric upholstery. Signature chair by MIM Roma. The seating and back are nicely curved ...
Leaf Brass Wall Lamp, in the Style of Bottega Gadd...
Bottega Gadda
Vintage 1960s Italian Mid-Century Modern Wall Lights and Sconces
Brass
Brass wall lamp, with hummered surface. Attribuited to Botega Gadda in Milano.
Exceptional Organic Coffee Table in Laminated Oak,...
Vintage 1950s Italian Mid-Century Modern Coffee and Cocktail Tables
Oak
A beautifully formed oval table in laminated oak, organically shaped with turned up curving edges, sanded down to reveal the underlying layers of wood, with inset glass panel. Raised on...
Rare Italian 1960s Plywood Stool
Rare Italian 1960s Plywood Stool
Unknown
Vintage 1960s Italian Mid-Century Modern Stools
Metal, Plywood
Italian 1960s stool with plywood seating supported by an intriguing metal frame. Newly made pillow available upon request.
Red Italian Settee, circa 1960
Red Italian Settee, circa 1960
Vintage 1960s Italian Mid-Century Modern Settees
Fabric, Wood
Settee, red fabric, wood, Italy, circa 1960. This elegant Italian sofa has been upholstered in red fabric and has tall tapered legs. The two-seat settee has a transparent and open c...
Carlo Scarpa, Dining Room Table, First Gavina Edition, circa 1970, Italy

By Carlo Scarpa, Gavina
Carlo Scarpa, Dining Room Table, First Gavina Edit...
Carlo Scarpa, Gavina
Vintage 1970s Italian Mid-Century Modern Dining Room Tables
Bronze, Glass
Carlo Scarpa, dining room table, bronze and glass, First Gavina Edition, Sarpi model, circa 1970, Italy. (One shattered on the side of the glass) Measures: Height 72 cm x width 2m13 x...
Rare Pair of No. 1937 Wall or Ceiling Light by Max Ingrand for Fontana Arte
Rare Pair of No. 1937 Wall or Ceiling Light by Max...
Fontana Arte, Max Ingrand
Vintage 1960s Italian Mid-Century Modern Wall Lights and Sconces
Glass
Rare pair of glass and brass sconces by Max Ingrand designed in Italy for Fontana Arte, circa 1960s. Originally designed to be a ceiling light but can also be used as a wall light. Glas...
Edward Wormley "Big Texan" Sofa

By Dunbar Furniture, Edward Wormley
Edward Wormley "Big Texan" Sofa
Dunbar Furniture, Edward Wormley
Vintage 1950s American Mid-Century Modern Sofas
Upholstery
Edward Wormley for Dunbar. Monumental Big Texan sofa, deep roomy button tufted deck and seat included six back pillows 3" thick foam and 5" thick down filled for adjustable depths. Reup...
Rare Mid-Century Modern Lucite Dining Table Signed by ''Lion in Frost'', 1970s

By Lion in Frost
Rare Mid-Century Modern Lucite Dining Table Signed...
Lion in Frost
Vintage 1970s American Mid-Century Modern Dining Room Tables
Brass, Lucite
A rare lion in frost designed and signed by designer "Lion in Frost" Lucite dining table with brass detail rings around the four pedestals, including a bevelled Lucite top. Four pedesta...
Vintage Macassar Desk with Curved Tabletop

Vintage Macassar Desk with Curved Tabletop
Vintage 1950s German Mid-Century Modern Desks and Writing Tables
Macassar, Lacquer
Slightly curved desk from the middle of the 20th century. Newly restored single piece with a beautiful Macassar veneer. On the chair side you will find an open storage compartment and a...
Classic Dunbar Sofa by Edward Wormley in Charcoal Mohair

By Dunbar Furniture, Edward Wormley
Classic Dunbar Sofa by Edward Wormley in Charcoal ...
Dunbar Furniture, Edward Wormley
20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Sofas
Mohair, Nickel
Classic Dunbar sofa designed by Edward Wormley, circa 1950. Fully restored, newly upholstered in charcoal mohair over original nickel legs.
Bronze Brutalist Figurative Table Sculpture of Man...
Mid-20th Century French Mid-Century Modern Sculptures
Bronze, Plaster, Wood
Bronze Brutalist figurative table sculpture of man with sword.
Curved Sofa on Brass Bases by Vladimir Kagan

By Directional, Vladimir Kagan
Curved Sofa on Brass Bases by Vladimir Kagan
Directional, Vladimir Kagan
Mid-20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Sofas
Rare curved sofa designed by the late Vladimir Kagan for Directional, circa 1970s. This rare example features fully restored brass bases as well as Lucite support. Newly upholstered ...
Stilnovo Chandelier Model 1173, Italy, 1950

By Stilnovo
Stilnovo Chandelier Model 1173, Italy, 1950
Stilnovo
Vintage 1950s Italian Mid-Century Modern Chandeliers and Pendants
Brass, Milk Glass
Very nice and impressive large chandelier model 1173 designed and manufactured by Stilnovo, Italy 1950. This is for a very nice modernist shaped chandelier conical shaped shades with br...
Studio Made Ceramic Bowl by Gordon and Jane Martz ...
Gordon Martz
20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Serving Bowls
Ceramic
Earth-tone ceramic bowl with matte glaze by Gordon and Jane Martz for Marshall Studios. Signed in the ceramic along with original paper tag.
Pair of Moreddi Teak Side Chairs in Cream Leather

By Moreddi, Erik Kollig Andersen and Palle Pedersen
Pair of Moreddi Teak Side Chairs in Cream Leather
Moreddi, Erik Kollig Andersen and Palle Pedersen
Vintage 1950s Danish Mid-Century Modern Side Chairs
Leather, Teak
Pair of teak Moreddi side chairs with curved back and wood inlay joinery detailing. Wood is revarnished in satin, the seats have been newly upholstered in cream leather.
Midcentury Taupe and Bone Color Round Body Vase Attributed to Seguso
Midcentury Taupe and Bone Color Round Body Vase At...
Archimede Seguso
Vintage 1960s Italian Mid-Century Modern Glass
Murano Glass
Large Murano glass vase in shades of taupe and bone. Round, globe shaped base with short, tapered neck. Attributed to Seguso, circa 1960s. Excellent vintage condition with no flaws foun...
Huge Arch Floor Lamp with Jaw Like Action Acrylic ...
Fabio Lenci, Superstudio
Vintage 1960s Italian Mid-Century Modern Floor Lamps
Onyx, Chrome, Plexiglass
Rare arch floor lamp in the style of Superstudio Olook lamp , featuring a bold jaw like action adjustable/lockable plexiglass shade. Does provide a nice warm glow with shade down. ...
Italian Credenza Dry Bar with USSR Insignia Mirror, by Vittorio Dassi, Milano

By Vittorio Dassi
Italian Credenza Dry Bar with USSR Insignia Mirror...
Piero Fornasetti, Gio Ponti, Vittorio Dassi
Mid-20th Century Italian Mid-Century Modern Dry Bars
Brass, Mirror, Rosewood
This rare credenza in the style of Gio Ponti and Piero Fornasetti by Vittorio Dassi was made in Milano in the early 1950s and before 1954. The rosewood veneered wall unit can be used...
Pair of Bronze Frame Lounge Chairs by Milo Baughman

By Milo Baughman, Thayer Coggin
Pair of Bronze Frame Lounge Chairs by Milo Baughma...
Milo Baughman, Thayer Coggin
Mid-20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Lounge Chairs
Bronze, Leather, Down
A fully restored pair of low lounge chairs by Milo Baughman for Thayer Coggin have a frame in flat bar bronze, with leather inlays and sumptuous down-filled cushions. Each chair is supp...
Ercole Barovier e Toso Murano Gold Flecks Italian Art Glass Footed Compote Bowl

By Ercole Barovier, Barovier & Toso
Ercole Barovier e Toso Murano Gold Flecks Italian ...
Ercole Barovier, Barovier & Toso
Mid-20th Century Italian Mid-Century Modern Centerpieces
Art Glass, Blown Glass, Murano Glass, Gold Leaf, Glass
Murano handblown gold flecks Italian art glass compote footed bowl. Documented to designer Ercole Barovier for Barovier e Toso. The piece has a ribbed design with ropes of gold, "cordon...
Rare Dual Color Glass and Brass Chandelier by Hans-Agne Jakobsson, 1960s

By Hans-Agne Jakobsson, Hans-Agne Jakobsson AB
Rare Dual Color Glass and Brass Chandelier by Hans...
Hans-Agne Jakobsson, Hans-Agne Jakobsson AB
Vintage 1960s Swedish Mid-Century Modern Chandeliers and Pendants
Brass, Blown Glass
Lovely model T 372/6 chandelier by Hans-Agne Jakobsson from the 1960s. This is a particular rare version with glass globes in two colors—one a deep Bordeaux and the other in a light pur...
Human Size African Woman Sculpture Figurine, Polis...
Hagenauer Werkstätte, Franz Hagenauer
Vintage 1950s European Mid-Century Modern Sculptures
Brass
A large and beautiful African woman figurine made of polished and blackened brass manufactured in Mid-Century in the 1950s. Little and lovely patina on brass. A gorgeous and eye-catchin...
Jacques Lignier Glazed Ceramic Table Lamp

By Jacques Lignier
Jacques Lignier Glazed Ceramic Table Lamp
Jacques Lignier
Mid-20th Century French Mid-Century Modern Table Lamps
Ceramic
"Lampe Conique" - A white, glazed-ceramic, conical-shaped table lamp by Jacques Lignier. France, circa 1950. Signed on base Overall height 26.25", ceramic base 17" high.
Antoine Philippon & Jacqueline Lecoq Sideboard by Behr, 1962 Pointe de Diamant

By Antoine Philippon and Jacqueline Lecoq, Behr
Antoine Philippon & Jacqueline Lecoq Sideboard by ...
Antoine Philippon and Jacqueline Lecoq, Behr
Vintage 1960s German Mid-Century Modern Sideboards
Mahogany
Sideboard with diamond shaped doors (pointe de diamant) designed by Antoine Philippon and Jacqueline Lecoq. Very nice condition! Manufactured by Behr, Germany, 1962. (Behr Stamp on the...
Coffee Table by Janni van Pelt in Metal and Glass

By Bas Van Pelt, Janni Van Pelt
Coffee Table by Janni van Pelt in Metal and Glass
Bas Van Pelt, Janni Van Pelt
Vintage 1950s Dutch Mid-Century Modern Coffee and Cocktail Tables
Steel, Glass
Rectangular coffee table by Janni van Pelt for Bas van Pelt, Netherlands, 1958. Coffee table made from reinforced glass with delicate tapered legs and a black lacquered metal frame. The...
Murano Sailboat Double Sail by Sergio Costantini

By Sergio Costantini
Murano Sailboat Double Sail by Sergio Costantini
Sergio Costantini
Mid-20th Century Italian Mid-Century Modern Sculptures
Murano Glass
Original vintage Murano glass double sailboat by Sergio Costantini Made in Italy in the 1960s Signed on the base
Maurice Bailey Biscuit-Tufted Leather Sofa for Monteverdi-Young

By Maurice Bailey, Monteverdi-Young
Maurice Bailey Biscuit-Tufted Leather Sofa for Mon...
Maurice Bailey, Monteverdi-Young
Vintage 1960s American Mid-Century Modern Sofas
Leather, Walnut
Fabulous biscuit tufted leather sofa designed by Maurice Bailey for Monteverdi-Young of Beverly Hills in the 1960’s. This comfortable sofa is newly reupholstered in a full grain brown l...
Decorative Panel Lacquer Midcentury by P. Paulin “Heaven on Earth’’
Decorative Panel Lacquer Midcentury by P. Paulin “...
Pierre Paulin
Vintage 1940s French Mid-Century Modern Decorative Art
Lacquer
French painter and master glassmaker, Beaux Art School in Lyon , born in 1907 . He sudied with G. Decote who used to work with Gustave Moreau. He is inspired by the symbolist movement. ...
Pair of Midcentury William Switzer Sconces

By William Switzer
Pair of Midcentury William Switzer Sconces
William Switzer
Mid-20th Century Italian Mid-Century Modern Wall Lights and Sconces
Bronze
An outstanding pair of bronze sconces fashioned in the Russian Empire style. Elegant design and proportions.  
Fabulous Restored Pair of Cream Raffia Chests by Baker, circa 1975

By Baker Furniture Company
Fabulous Restored Pair of Cream Raffia Chests by B...
Baker Furniture Company
Vintage 1970s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers
Brass, Raffia, Hardwood
Stunning examples from a difficult to find series by Baker Furniture, circa 1975. Expertly crafted hardwood case construction with stylish base detail, veneered in raffia. Handsome soli...
Set of Twelve Brass Carl Fagerlund Wall Lamps by Lyfa and Orrefors Glass

By Carl Fagerlund, Lyfa, Orrefors
Set of Twelve Brass Carl Fagerlund Wall Lamps by L...
Carl Fagerlund, Lyfa, Orrefors
Vintage 1960s Swedish Mid-Century Modern Wall Lights and Sconces
Brass, Glass
Excellent set of twelve Fagerlund wall lamps with 1xe14 bulb. Heavy quality and thick glass.
Carlo Nason for Mazzega Chandelier in Murano Glass, circa 1960

By Carlo Nason, Mazzega Murano
Carlo Nason for Mazzega Chandelier in Murano Glass...
Carlo Nason, Mazzega Murano
Mid-20th Century Italian Mid-Century Modern Chandeliers and Pendants
Blown Glass, Chrome
Beautiful and rare Mid-Century Modern pendant lamp by Mazzega, designed by Carlo Nason, circa 1960, Murano, Italy in smoky and clear glass. The lamp alone measures 34 inches tall from ...
Early Eero Saarinen Womb Chair and Ottoman Produced by Knoll
Early Eero Saarinen Womb Chair and Ottoman Produce...
Eero Saarinen
Mid-20th Century Mid-Century Modern Lounge Chairs
Designer: Eero Saarinen Manufacturer: Knoll Period/style: Mid-Century Modern Country: US Date: 1960s Recently reupholstered in Knoll fabric.
Charlotte Perriand Style Free-Form Low Table, circ...
Charlotte Perriand
Vintage 1970s French Mid-Century Modern Tables
Pine
Free-form low table in the style of Charlotte Perriand for Les Arcs ski resort, circa 1970, manufactured in France. Pinewood. Probably it was manufactured by the previous owner circ...