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Stunning Elkington & Co. Sterling Tray
Lawrence Jeffrey Estate Jewelers
Dimensions: H 0.25 in. W 26.5 in. D 17 in.
Dealer Location: Litchfield, CT
Materials & Techniques: Sterling Silver
Stunning Elkington & Co. Sterling Tray
Elkington & Company
Antique 1870s English Sterling Silver
Sterling Silver
Circa 1876, sterling, by Elkington & Co. Ltd., Birmingham, England. This elegant tray by the renowned silversmithy Elkington & Co. is adorned with gorgeous hand-engraving. Its swagged p...
Dimensions: H 28 in. W 14.5 in. D 14.5 in.
Dealer Location: New York, NY
Materials & Techniques: Stoneware, Wood
Adam Silverman, "Untitled," Stoneware Vessel, 2015...
Adam Silverman
21st Century and Contemporary American Ceramics
Stoneware, Wood
Brown, green, blue, and white stoneware closed vessel with burnt wood base by American ceramicist Adam Silverman. Adam Silverman was born in 1963 in New York, NY and received a BFA a...
Dimensions: H 3 in. W 3 in. D 9 in.
Dealer Location: Shelburne, VT
Materials & Techniques: Pottery
Important Ancient Chinese Ming Zodiac Complete Col...
Antique 15th Century and Earlier Chinese Ming Ceramics
Pottery
Important ancient Chinese Zodiac complete collection of 12 animal head sculptures, Ming dynasty 1368-1644. This interesting set is the first set with animal heads we've ever seen dati...
Dimensions: H 8.7 in. Dm 3.4 in.
Dealer Location: Jesmond, GB
Materials & Techniques: Sterling Silver
Antique George vi Sterling Silver Café Au Lait Se...
Mappin & Webb
Vintage 1930s English George II Tea Sets
Sterling Silver
An exceptional, fine and impressive antique George VI English sterling silver café au lait set in the George II style; an addition to our collectable teaware collection. This except...
Camber II
Fancy
Dimensions: H 4 in. W 7 in. D 2 in.
Dealer Location: Seattle, WA
Materials & Techniques: Art Glass
Camber II
John Hogan
2010s American Glass
Art Glass
John Hogan is a Seattle-based artist and designer working predominantly in glass. His inventive approach involves highly experimental concepts that focus on changing radiant energy thro...
15-Piece Old Paris Dagoty Hand-Painted Botanical P...
Dagoty
Antique 1810s French Porcelain
Simple and elegant, this set of Ancienne Maison Dagoty, Edourd Honore, botanical plates and serving pieces showcase the beauty and precision of the hand-painted flower specimens. These ...
Dimensions: H 5.25 in. Dm 4.75 in.
Dealer Location: St.Petersburg, FL
Wilhelm Kage Gustavsberg Argenta Nude Vase
Wilhelm Kåge
Vintage 1950s Swedish Modern Pottery
An unusual Wilhelm Kage for Gustvsberg "Argenta" vase. Stylized nude, on raised base. Excellent original condition, circa 1950s.
Dimensions: H 1 in. W 1 in. D 1 in.
Dealer Location: Big Bend, WI
Materials & Techniques: Sterling Silver, Stainless Steel
Cluny by Gorham Sterling Silver Hostess Set Custom...
Gorham Manufacturing Company
20th Century Serving Pieces
Sterling Silver, Stainless Steel
Cluny by Gorham custom set includes: One- two-piece salad serving set approximately 11". One- lasagna server approximately 10". One- soup ladle approximately 11 1/2". One- pasta s...
Set of 12 French ‘Vieux Paris’ Feuillet Porcelain ...
Feuillet
Antique 1820s French Regency Dinner Plates
French ‘Vieux Paris’ Feuillet porcelain greenground. dessert plates, set of twelve, with scallop-moulded borders. Each painted with a variant bouquet. Signed, circa 1817-1834. 9 7/8" ...
Large 19th Century Meissen Style Nodding Buddha
Patrick Moorhead Antiques
Dimensions: H 11.81 in. W 12.2 in. D 11.02 in.
Dealer Location: Brighton, GB
Large 19th Century Meissen Style Nodding Buddha
Antique 1880s German Porcelain
An impressive large German porcelain Meissen style nodding Buddha, Having reticulated tong and hands. The finely painted floral decoration.
Dimensions: H 10.25 in. Dm 9 in.
Dealer Location: Ambler, PA
Materials & Techniques: Copper
English One Gallon Copper Pistol Grip Measure, Lea...
Antique 1820s British More Dining and Entertaining
Copper
English one gallon copper pistol grip measure. Lead seal dated 1826. Dovetailed. Engraved one gallon. Measures: Height 10 1/4″, DOB 9″.
Dimensions: H 2.05 in. W 9.65 in. D 14.29 in.
Dealer Location: TRIAIZE, FR
Materials & Techniques: Sterling Silver
Puiforcat Large French Sterling Silver Serving or ...
Emile Puiforcat
Antique 1880s French Louis XVI Sterling Silver
Sterling Silver
Puiforcat large French sterling silver serving or vegetable dish neoclassical. Head of Minerve first titre for 950/1000 French sterling silver guarantee. Louis XVI pattern with be...
Dimensions: H 7 in. W 9.5 in. D 3.5 in.
Dealer Location: San Francisco, CA
Materials & Techniques: Sterling Silver
Georgian Sterling Silver Teapot and Associated Ste...
Thomas Harper, London
Antique 1790s English George III Sterling Silver
Sterling Silver
An English George III sterling silver teapot with paneled engraved sides decorated with ribbons and flowers made and hallmarked by Thomas Harper, London 1797, together with an unmarked ...
Dimensions: H 8.27 in. W 7.87 in. D 7.09 in.
Dealer Location: Dronten, NL
Materials & Techniques: Crystal
Tapio Wirkkala 'Jäävuori' Iceberg Vase, Model No...
Tapio Wirkkala
Vintage 1950s Finnish Scandinavian Modern Glass
Crystal
Still-mould blown crystal glass. Produced by Iittala, Finland. Signed and numbered. Complimentary worldwide shipping.
Octagonal Silver Tray, England, Birmingham 1949, H...
Mid-20th Century English Art Deco Sterling Silver
Birmingham, 1949. Small state feet. Late Art Deco style. 925 sterling silver. Hallmarked. Measures: Height 2.5 cm, width 30 cm, depth: 30 cm. I provide for packing of the goods ...
Dimensions: H 5.12 in. Dm 5.51 in.
Dealer Location: Munich, DE
Pablo Picasso Ceramic Pitcher Madoura
Madoura, Pablo Picasso
Vintage 1950s French Mid-Century Modern Ceramics
This Picasso glazed earthenware ceramic pitcher is in mint condition, and marked and stamped Edition Picasso and Madoura. Picasso designed 633 different ceramic editions between 1947 ...
Dimensions: H 7 in. W 3.75 in. D 3.75 in.
Dealer Location: Litchfield, CT
Set of 14 Stevens & Williams Superb Chinoiserie Ch...
Stevens & Williams
Vintage Early 1900s English Chinoiserie Barware
Circa 1910, Stevens & Williams, England. These outstanding champagne glasses in the rare and desirable Stevens and Williams “Willow” pattern are ornamented with a beautiful chinoiserie ...
Dimensions: H 3.2 in. Dm 11.6 in.
Dealer Location: Santa Fe, NM
Large Bowl with Sung Glaze by Axel Salto for Royal...
Axel Salto
Vintage 1940s Danish Scandinavian Modern Ceramics
A large stoneware bowl with organic, carved line pattern and sung glaze by Axel Salto for Royal Copenhagen, Denmark, 1940s. Signed SALTO 20722.
Dimensions: H 1.4 in. W 3.7 in. D 0.1 in.
Dealer Location: TRIAIZE, FR
1900s Baccarat French Crystal Knife Rests Set of S...
Baccarat
Vintage Early 1900s French Art Deco Tableware
1900s Baccarat French crystal knife rests set of six pieces. Six molded crystal knife rests. These pieces are unmarked, made prior to the acid etched mark first used by the firm in ...
Dimensions: H 2.36 in. Dm 11.81 in.
Dealer Location: Haarlem, NL
Materials & Techniques: Earthenware
Six Presentation Dishes from Boch Freres Keramis, ...
Boch Freres Keramis
Antique Late 19th Century French More Dining and Entertaining
Earthenware
France, late 19th century, 1880-1900. From Boch Frères Keramis [BFK]. Earthware with decor 'Canton’ presentation dishes on stand. All six in good condition. Measures: Height 6cm,...
Pair of 19th Century Vienna Porcelain Ewers
Patrick Moorhead Antiques
Dimensions: H 23.23 in. W 7.87 in. D 6.3 in.
Dealer Location: Brighton, GB
Pair of 19th Century Vienna Porcelain Ewers
Royal Vienna Porcelain
Antique 19th Century Austrian Porcelain
A fine quality pair of 19th century Vienna porcelain ewers, each with a burgundy and turquoise background with scrolling gilded decoration. The hand-painted inset panels depicting class...
Dimensions: H 10.88 in. Dm 6 in.
Dealer Location: Ambler, PA
Materials & Techniques: Copper
English Copper Kettle, circa 1875
Antique 1870s British Tea Sets
Copper
English copper kettle, circa 1875. Acorn finial. Six pint capacity. Unusual curved tubular handle. Dovetailed. Measures: Height 10 7/8″. DOB: 6".
Dimensions: H 4.72 in. Dm 5.51 in.
Dealer Location: Copenhagen, DK
Georg Jensen, Pair of Hammered Sterling Silver Cen...
Vintage 1920s Danish Sterling Silver
Georg Jensen, b. Rådvad 1866, d. Hellerup 1935. A pair of hammered sterling silver centrepieces. Mounted on pierced stem, decorated with leaves and silver pearls. Measures: 1...
Claude Conover Bowl
CONVERSO
Dimensions: H 5 in. W 8.5 in. D 8.5 in.
Dealer Location: New York, NY
Materials & Techniques: Ceramic
Claude Conover Bowl
Claude Conover
Vintage 1960s American Mid-Century Modern Pottery
Ceramic
Conover vessel, glazed stoneware. This form is unusual for Conover, not many were made. Signed to the underside (CLAUDE CONOVER.)
Dimensions: H 9.5 in. Dm 11 in.
Dealer Location: Chicago, IL
Early 20th Century Japanese Blue and White Hibachi...
Early 20th Century Japanese Pottery
Designed to hold glowing embers, hibachi vessels were used as a source of heat or for cooking in Japanese homes. Ceramic hibachi were introduced during the Meiji period as an alternativ...
Dimensions: H 12.2 in. W 14.17 in. D 12.2 in.
Dealer Location: London, GB
Materials & Techniques: Bronze
French Antique Ormolu and Glass Casket Containing ...
Antique Late 19th Century French Glass
Bronze
Comprising a casket, four decanters and 16 glasses.  
Dimensions: H 13 in. Dm 7.13 in.
Dealer Location: Ambler, PA
Materials & Techniques: Copper
Large English Copper Teapot, circa 1820
Antique 1820s British Tea Sets
Copper
Large English copper teapot, circa 1820. Cast shaped handle. 12 pint capacity. Dovetailed. All original. Measures: Height 13″diameter of base 7 1/8″, width 13 1/2″.
Dimensions: H 5.7 in. W 0.1 in. D 0.1 in.
Dealer Location: TRIAIZE, FR
Materials & Techniques: Sterling Silver
Puiforcat Antique French All Sterling Silver Sugar...
Emile Puiforcat
Antique 1880s French Art Nouveau Sterling Silver
Sterling Silver
Puiforcat antique French all sterling silver sugar tongs iris pattern. Head of Minerve 1 st titre for 950/1000 French sterling silver guarantee. A rare Puiforcat sugar tongs with ...
Dimensions: H 8 in. W 1 in. D 0.5 in.
Dealer Location: Tarrytown, NY
"Contour" Mid-Century Sterling Silver Flatware Ser...
Towle Silversmiths
Vintage 1950s American Sterling Silver
98 piece sterling silver flatware service designed by Robert J King, student of John Prip. This set includes: 12 knives, 8 3/4". 12 butter knives, 6". 14 forks, 8". 12 salad forks...
Dimensions: H 11.6 in. Dm 12.4 in.
Dealer Location: Jesmond, GB
Materials & Techniques: Sterling Silver
Antique George V Sterling Silver Presentation Bowl...
Frank Hyams
Vintage 1910s English Serving Bowls
Sterling Silver
A magnificent, fine and impressive, large antique George V English sterling silver presentation bowl; an addition to our ornamental silverware collection This magnificent antique Geo...
Dimensions: H 12 in. W 9.25 in. D 9.25 in.
Dealer Location: Montreal, CA
Materials & Techniques: Silver Plate, Cut Glass
Rare Georgian Period Silver Plated and Colored Gla...
Antique Early 1800s English George III Barware
Silver Plate, Cut Glass
Rare and beautiful three bottle, green, amethyst and amber colored glass and silver plated tantalus.  
Dimensions: H 11.02 in. Dm 11.42 in.
Dealer Location: Brighton, GB
Pair of 19th Century Sevres Jardinieres
Manufacture de Sevres
Antique Late 19th Century French Porcelain
A good quality pair of French 'Sevres' porcelain jardinières, having classical romantic scenes to the front and floral scenes to the reverse.
20th Century Hallmarked Art Deco Silver Casket wit...
Early 20th Century Art Deco Sterling Silver
Probably 800/-silver Mounted on wood, circa 1920-1930. Hallmarked on lid and ground "Bachruch a. Succ." Noble inside division. Measures: Height 6 cm, width 18 cm, depth 12.5 cm. ...
Dimensions: H 16 in. W 8 in. D 7 in.
Dealer Location: Shelburne, VT
Materials & Techniques: Pottery
Early Contemporary Hand made hand glazed Big Blue ...
Mid-20th Century German Ceramics
Pottery
Designers Source Early contemporary hand made, hand glazed blue dazzler large tapered form vase , 1958 Designer/Maker: Karlsruhe Majolika designed by Gretel Hostedde, circa 1958, mo...
Dimensions: H 8.66 in. Dm 8.66 in.
Dealer Location: London, GB
Materials & Techniques: Raffia, Blown Glass, Walnut
Carl Auböck II Vintage 1950s Cheese Cloche
Carl Auböck
Mid-20th Century Austrian Mid-Century Modern Serving Pieces
Raffia, Blown Glass, Walnut
A vintage cheese cloche designed and made by Carl Auböck II in Vienna circa 1950. The board of the serving piece is a carved from solid walnut, the dome is mouth blown glass and the ha...
Dimensions: H 10.75 in. Dm 9.75 in.
Dealer Location: Ambler, PA
Materials & Techniques: Copper
English Copper One Gallon Measure, Stephen Keeff
Antique 1820s More Dining and Entertaining
Copper
English copper one gallon measure. Dovetailed. Makers mark. Made by Stephen Keeff (1801-1837) ironmonger and brazier of cranbrook, Kent Stephen Keeff’s shop, and the workshop where this...
Dimensions: H 12.99 in. Dm 9.84 in.
Dealer Location: Neubaugasse 40 ,Vienna, AT
Silver Two Art Deco German Five-Arm Candleholders ...
Koch & Bergfeld
Vintage 1930s German Art Deco Sterling Silver
German excellent pair of Art Deco silver candleholders, made circa 1930. Gorgeous Art Deco pair of branched candleholders / candelabra made circa 1930 by Koch & Bergfeld, Bremen (G...
Large Yellow Rectangular Murano Vase
Gottschalch Antiques
Dimensions: H 9.84 in. W 4.33 in. D 2.76 in.
Dealer Location: Copenhagen, DK
Materials & Techniques: Art Glass
Large Yellow Rectangular Murano Vase
Murano Glass Sommerso
Mid-20th Century Italian Mid-Century Modern Centerpieces
Art Glass
Beautiful rare and large rectangular and oval on the sides, Sommerso Murano vase.
Dimensions: H 3.5 in. Dm 2.5 in.
Dealer Location: London, GB
Ancient Roman Aubergine Glass Bottle, 200 AD
Antique 15th Century and Earlier Classical Roman Glass
A beautiful ancient Roman glass bottle, in excellent condition, dating to the 2nd-3rd century AD. Free blown from a wonderful piece of aubergine colored glass, the wide mouth contrac...
Dimensions: H 14 in. Dm 12 in.
Dealer Location: Dallas, TX
Materials & Techniques: Cork, Aluminum, Glass, Wood
Machine Age Mid-Century Art Deco Dr. Peter Schlumb...
Peter Schlumbohm
20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Tableware
Cork, Aluminum, Glass, Wood
Machine Age Art Deco Mid-Century Dr. Peter Schlumbohm vessels in cork. Rare vintage Museum Quality Collection four classic rarely-found original Schlumbohm designs, featured in MOMA pe...
Dimensions: H 17 in. W 12 in. D 12 in.
Dealer Location: Chicago, IL
Materials & Techniques: Goatskin, Wood, Lacquer
Mid-Century Sculptural Pyramidal Aldo Tura Lacquer...
Aldo Tura
Mid-20th Century Italian Barware
Goatskin, Wood, Lacquer
This is an elegant ice bucket, sculptural in its simplicity, with its original label and liner. It is a rare shape from Tura.
Dimensions: H 0.1 in. W 0.1 in. D 0.1 in.
Dealer Location: TRIAIZE, FR
Materials & Techniques: Glass, Gold, Sterling Silver
Puiforcat French Sterling Silver 18-Karat Gold Set...
Emile Puiforcat
Antique 1880s French Neoclassical Sterling Silver
Glass, Gold, Sterling Silver
Puiforcat French Sterling Silver 18-Karat Gold Set 4 Salt Cellars Spoons, Box Head of Minerve 1st titre for 950/1000 on salt cellars and spoons for 950/1000 French sterling silver ve...
Dimensions: H 1 in. W 1 in. D 1 in.
Dealer Location: Big Bend, WI
Materials & Techniques: Sterling Silver
Fairfax by Durgin Gorham Sterling Silver Flatware ...
Gorham Manufacturing Company
Early 20th Century Tableware
Sterling Silver
12 dinner size knives 9 1/2", 12 dinner size forks 7 7/8", 12 regular knives 8 5/8", 12 regular forks 7 1/8", 12 salad forks 6 1/8", 12 teaspoons 5 3/4", 12 place soup spoons 7", 12 fla...
Dimensions: H 9 in. W 15 in. D 10 in.
Dealer Location: New York, NY
Materials & Techniques: Sterling Silver
Antique English Hand Chased Centrepiece Bowl
Wakely & Wheeler
Antique Late 19th Century English Victorian Centerpieces
Sterling Silver
An exceptional quality, antique English, Victorian, sterling silver two handled bowl. The entire body is beautifully hand chased with the exception of a blank cartouche on one side. The...
Dimensions: H 9.75 in. Dm 8.13 in.
Dealer Location: Ambler, PA
Materials & Techniques: Bronze
16th Century, Italian Bronze Bucket 'Situla' with ...
Antique 16th Century Italian More Dining and Entertaining
Bronze
16th century, Italian (Venetian) bronze bucket 'Situla' with swing handle, circa 1525. Two fish on swing handle. Remarkable engraving. Similar example in the Victoria & Albert Museum, L...
Dimensions: H 9.45 in. W 8.66 in. D 7.87 in.
Dealer Location: Brighton, GB
Pair of 19th Century Canton/ Rose Medallion Flower...
Antique 19th Century Chinese Chinese Export Porcelain
A good quality pair Chinese 19th century Cantonese or rose medallion flower vases. Each having classical oriental scenes painted to the panels amongst boarders of flowers.
Dimensions: H 0.75 in. Dm 10 in.
Dealer Location: Manchester, MA
Materials & Techniques: Porcelain
Six Sevres Porcelain Dinner Plates
Manufacture de Sevres
Antique 1870s French Louis XVI Dinner Plates
Porcelain
This breath-taking and rare set of six dinner plates was manufactured by France's best Porcelain manufacturer Sèvres in the late 19th century. The surface is elaborately decorated in...
Dimensions: H 4.1 in. Dm 10.6 in.
Dealer Location: Santa Fe, NM
Large Ribbed Bowl by Arne Bang, 1950s
Arne Bang
Vintage 1950s Danish Scandinavian Modern Ceramics
A large ribbed bowl by Arne Bang in green glaze, signed with his "AB" monogram and 189, Denmark, 1950s.
English Copper Kettle, circa 1780
Whitman Antiques
Dimensions: H 11.75 in. Dm 7.25 in.
Dealer Location: Ambler, PA
Materials & Techniques: Copper
English Copper Kettle, circa 1780
Antique 1780s Tea Sets
Copper
English copper kettle. Cast handle. Double spurs. Dovetailed, circa 1780. Small repair on base. Measures: Height 11 3/4″, DOB 7 1/4″.
Dimensions: H 12.99 in. Dm 5.12 in.
Dealer Location: Bern, CH
"Rimini Blue" Ceramic Cat Sculpture by Aldo Londi ...
Bitossi, Aldo Londi
Vintage 1960s Ceramics
Italian ceramic cat sculpture from the Rimini Blue series.
Dimensions: H 0.01 in. Dm 0.01 in.
Dealer Location: TRIAIZE, FR
Materials & Techniques: Gold, Sterling Silver
Soufflot Rare French All Sterling Silver 18-Karat ...
Henri Soufflot
Antique 1880s French Rococo Serving Pieces
Gold, Sterling Silver
Soufflot rare French all sterling silver 18-karat gold ice cream servers two pieces. A rare ice creams servers two-piece of truly exceptional quality, for the richness of their decor...
Dimensions: H 8.5 in. Dm 7 in.
Dealer Location: New York, NY
Materials & Techniques: Stoneware
Three Vases by Gunnar Nylund for Rorstrand, 1940s-...
Gunnar Nylund
Mid-20th Century Swedish Scandinavian Modern Ceramics
Stoneware
1. Stoneware vase with burnt orange haresfur glaze, 1940s-1950s. Incised "Rörstrand R (Three Crowns) Nylund" Measures: Height 8 1/2" (21.5cm), width 7" (18cm). No. N7823 2. Stone...
Dimensions: H 9.75 in. Dm 7.25 in.
Dealer Location: Ambler, PA
Materials & Techniques: Brass
Dutch Brass Serpent Spout Kettle, circa 1725
Antique 1720s Dutch Tea Sets
Brass
Dutch brass serpent spout kettle. Swing handle, circa 1725. Measures: Height 9 3/4″. DOB: 7 1/4″.
Dimensions: H 22 in. W 10 in. D 8 in.
Dealer Location: Shelburne, VT
Materials & Techniques: Copper
Antique Hand made hand finished Art Nouveau Coppe...
Early 20th Century German Art Nouveau Pitchers
Copper
Designers Source European antique copper Art Nouveau/ Art Deco ewer vase, signed, 1910. Designer/Maker: Germany, Geb.DORNER Nbg marked bottom, circa 1910. Dimensions: 22 inches h...
Dimensions: H 1.5 in. W 10.63 in. D 3 in.
Dealer Location: Litchfield, CT
Materials & Techniques: Sterling Silver
Reed & Barton “Love Disarmed” Gilded Sterling Serv...
Reed & Barton
Vintage Early 1900s American Sterling Silver
Sterling Silver
Circa 1905, Sterling, Reed & Barton, Taunton, MA. This "Love Disarmed" pattern gilded sterling serving fork and spoon is originally intended for salad, but will serve a modern table in...
Dimensions: H 2 in. W 28 in. D 15.75 in.
Dealer Location: West Hollywood, CA
Materials & Techniques: Brass, Lucite
Serving Tray in Bronzed Lucite and Brass by Charle...
Charles Hollis Jones
Vintage 1960s American Mid-Century Modern Serving Pieces
Brass, Lucite
Vintage Lucite and nickel serving tray designed and manufactured by Charles Hollis Jones. The tray is part of the ball collection that was originally created for Lucille ball and the w...
Dimensions: H 4.5 in. W 5.5 in. D 4 in.
Dealer Location: Atlanta, GA
Materials & Techniques: Sterling Silver
Patrick Marvos, Monumental Sterling Sculpture of a...
Early 2000s Zimbabwean Sterling Silver
Sterling Silver
Patrick Marvos, monumental sterling sculpture of a Rolled Pangolin. Weighing over 40 troy ounces of Sterling Silver. Realistically cast whimsical freestanding sculpture/paperweight. Ins...
"Iron Bamboo" Flared Japanese Tetsubin Kettle
Pagoda Red
Dimensions: H 9.75 in. W 6.25 in. D 7.25 in.
Dealer Location: Chicago, IL
Materials & Techniques: Iron
"Iron Bamboo" Flared Japanese Tetsubin Kettle
Early 20th Century Japanese Tea Sets
Iron
Known as “tetsubin,” cast-iron kettles have been produced in Japan for centuries. Made to boil water for traditional tea ceremonies, the kettle’s cast-iron construction is said to chang...