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Édouard Leon Cortès
A Breton Interior - Impressionist Interior Oil Painting by Edouard Cortes

c.1910

About the Item

Signed figures in interior oil on canvas circa 1910 by sought after French impressionist painter Edouard Leon Cortes. This charming and nostalgic work depicts a family enjoying dinner in a typical Breton kitchen scene. A man and lady are seated at the table while a woman serves them from a steaming pot. The light of an overhead oil burner illuminates the room. Signature: Signed lower right Dimensions: Framed: 26"x23" Unframed: 18"x15" Provenance: This work will be included in the supplement to Tome III of the Catalgue Raisonne of Edouard Cortes under preparation by Mme. Nicole Verdier This work is accompanied by a photo certificate from Mme. Nicole Verdier under reference EC221203/HT/GEO-241 Edouard Leon Cortes, the son of the painter Antonio Cortès, was sent to the front during World War I to sketch enemy positions. In civilian life, his base was in Lagny in the former studio of Cavallo-Peduzzi. Although he travelled extensively in France. Notably in Normandy, Brittany, the Champagne region and Savoy painting as he went. Cortès exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Français (of which he became a member in 1907). The Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, the Autumn and Winter Salons, and the Salon des Artistes Indépendants. As a lifelong resident of Lagny, he also set up and presided over the Groupe de Lagny. Cortès was the recipient of numerous awards and distinctions. Including nomination in 1929 to the rank of Officier de l'Académie des Beaux-Arts, the award of the Croix d'Honneur as a Chevalier de l'Education Sociale (1931), and elevation to the rank of Chevalier of the Order des Arts et des Lettres. His work spans a number of genres - most notably his views of the city of Paris but perhaps his most sensitive works are those from Normandy and Brittany where he painted extensively - interiors and landscapes and his works from his home in the surroundings of Lagny to the east of Paris. His later work was executed primarily for the US market where he had an abundance of customers and galleries that clamoured for his paintings of Pairs - these are less refined than his earlier paintings but have equal value to collectors. Museum and Gallery Holdings: Lagny-sur-Marne (Mus. Gatien-Bonnet)
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    By Édouard Leon Cortès
    Located in Marlow, Buckinghamshire
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  • Old Men with Kittens - Impressionist Oil, Figures in Interior by J F Raffaelli
    By Jean-Francois Raffaelli
    Located in Marlow, Buckinghamshire
    A wonderful oil on panel by French impressionist painter Jean-Francois Raffaelli depicting two old men seated in an interior. One is reading his paper as the other naps and there are several kittens on the floor. Painted in the artist's distinctive style. The work is accompanied by a certificate from Brame & Lorenceau and is included in the catalogue raisonne of the painter. Signature: Signed lower left Dimensions: Framed: 9.5"x8" Unframed: 5.5"x4" Provenance: Private collection - United States Original artists label verso Jean-François Raffaëlli's father was a failed Italian businessman and Raffaëlli himself was, among other things, a church chorister, actor and theatre singer. He then studied under Gérôme at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He travelled to Italy, Spain and Algeria and on his return to France settled in Asnières. In 1876, on a trip to Brittany, he first saw the potential of realist subject matter, if treated seriously. He became involved in meetings of artists at the Café Guerbois, where the Impressionist painters used to gather. As a result, Degas, contrary to the advice of the group, introduced Raffaëlli to the Impressionist exhibitions - according to one uncertain source as early as the very first exhibition, at the home of Nadar, and certainly to those of 1880 and 1881. In 1904, Raffaëlli founded the Society for Original Colour Engraving. He first exhibited at the Salon de Paris in 1870 and continued to exhibit there until he joined the Salon des Artistes Français in 1881, where he earned a commendation in 1885, was made Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1889 and in the same year was awarded a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle. In 1906 he was made Officier of the Légion d'Honneur. He was also a member of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts. In 1884, a private exhibition of his work cemented his reputation. He contributed to several newspapers such as The Black Cat (Le Chat Noir) in 1885 and The French Mail (Le Courrier Français) in 1886 and 1887. He published a collection entitled Parisian Characters, which captured his favourite themes of the street, the neighbourhood and local people going about their lives. In 1880 he participated, with Forain, on the illustration of Joris Karl Huysmans' Parisian Sketches (Croquis Parisiens). He also illustrated Huysman's Works. As well as working as an illustrator, he also made etchings and coloured dry-points. His early attempts at painting were genre scenes, but once he was settled in Asnières he started to paint picturesque views of Parisian suburbs. From 1879 onwards, his subject matter drew on the lives of local people. These popular themes, which he treated with humanity and a social conscience, brought him to the attention of the social realist writers of the time such as Émile Zola. 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Fields has written of Raffaëlli's interest in the positivist philosophy of Hippolyte-Adolphe Taine, which led him to articulate a theory of realism that he christened caractérisme. He hoped to set himself apart from those unthinking, so-called realist artists whose art provided the viewer with only a literal depiction of nature. His careful observation of man in his milieu paralleled the anti-aesthetic, anti-romantic approach of the literary Naturalists, such as Zola and Huysmans. Degas invited Raffaëlli to participate in the Impressionist exhibitions of 1880 and 1881, an action that bitterly divided the group; not only was Raffaëlli not an Impressionist, but he threatened to dominate the 1880 exhibition with his outsized display of 37 works. Monet, resentful of Degas's insistence on expanding the Impressionist exhibitions by including several realists, chose not to exhibit, complaining, "The little chapel has become a commonplace school which opens its doors to the first dauber to come along."An example of Raffaëlli's work from this period is Les buveurs d'absinthe (1881, in the California Palace of Legion of Honor Art Museum in San Francisco). Originally titled Les déclassés, the painting was widely praised at the 1881 exhibit. After winning the Légion d'honneur in 1889, Raffaëlli shifted his attention from the suburbs of Paris to city itself, and the street scenes that resulted were well received by the public and the critics. He made a number of sculptures, but these are known today only through photographs.[2] His work was also part of the painting event in the art competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics. In the later years of his life, he concentrated on color printmaking. 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