Louis XVI Style Cut-Glass Thirty-two-light Chandelier, circa 1890 For Sale
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Louis XVI Style Cut-Glass Thirty-two-light Chandelier, circa 1890

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A Louis XVI Style Gilt-Bronze and Cut-Glass Thirty-Two-Light Chandelier by La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat. Paris, circa 1890. This fine chandelier has a gilt-bronze frame with a tiered stem and circular band issuing scrolling candlearms with glass drip trays. The chandelier is hung all over with the finest cut-crystal drop-pendants and beads and terminates in a ball finial. Stamped ‘BACCARAT’ to the thread of the finial. The design for this fine chandelier draws direct comparison to the chandelier listed as ‘Serie E.452’ and is illustrated in Baccarat’s ‘Tarif des Articles d’Eclairage’, published at the beginning of the 20th century. Baccarat is the world's leading manufacturer of crystalware. Founded in 1764 under the patronage of Louis XV as Renault et Compagnie, the firm became known as the Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat during the 19th century. The company began to flourish at the beginning of the 19th century, as the effects of the Napoleonic Wars abated, and its reputation was consolidated by the official approval from various sovereigns and heads of state. At the 1823 Exposition Nationale in Paris, it was Baccarat's crystalware that Louis XVIII was said to have particularly admired, appreciating its 'beautiful workmanship'. It was Charles X's visit to the crystalworks in 1828 however that had the most significant repercussions for the company. Baccarat presented the monarch with a gift of two magnificent Medici Vases, a large crystal Ewer, a fifteen piece Tea Service and a five-piece Water Set. The king then ordered a dinner service for the Tuileries, while the Duchess d'Angoulême personally chose a set of eighteen glasses, described by her as '..sturdy, balanced, perfect'. Later Louis-Philippe and Napoléon III also visited the crystalworks and were followed by a succession of French presidents and foreign heads of state. François-Eugène de Fontenay (who joined the company in 1841) discovered that by the addition of the nickel oxide in the manufacturing process, a perfectly clear product, 'crystal glass', free of discolouration and imitating precious rock crystal was produced. This is just one of many technical innovations and improvements discovered by Baccarat, that make it the company it is today. The Baccarat company was awarded a Gold medal at the French Exposition des Produits de l'Industrie in 1855 and has continued to carry off the top prizes ever since. In 1867 they exhibited a gigantic fountain twenty four feet tall, with a basin ten feet in diameter, which it was said 'simply took visitors breath away'. With the continuing improvement in their manufacturing standards, the quality of Baccarat's 'crystal glass' improved and reached the highest level by the end of the century, competing successfully with the Bohemian glass industry. Baccarat 'crystal glass' is highly regarded, not only for its unusual clarity, but also for its great solidity and weight. Bibliography: 'La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat, Tarif des Articles d'Eclairage', (Paris), Edition 1903-4. Curtis, Jean-Louis. Baccarat, Thames and Hudson, (London), 1992. Meyer, Jonathan. Great Exhibitions: London, New York, Paris, Philadelphia, 1851-1900, Antique Collector's Club, (Woodbridge, UK), 2006; p.263.

Details

  • Dimensions
    H 49.22 in. x Dm 37.41 in.H 125 cm x Dm 95 cm
  • Diameter
    37.41 in. (95 cm)
  • Seller Location
    London, GB
  • Seller Reference Number
    B67393
  • Reference Number
    LU1028012231971
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Located in London, GB
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