Theodore Roszak, one of America’s foremost sculptors of the mid-twentieth century, modeled this sculpture, “Torso Manique (Surveyor),” in 1931–32 and the work was cast in bronze in 1978. When Roszak established a studio in New York in 1931, he began working on a series of constructions, abstract sculptures made of wood, plaster, and metal that he undertook until about 1945. The constructions produced during this period range from small-scale reliefs to free-standing, futuristic towers and strange, anthropomorphic machines. These works reflect Roszak’s growing fascination with surrealism, constructivism, technology, the urban metropolis, and sculpture. Roszak’s first forays into free-standing sculpture were made during this pre-war period. Among them are about eight pieces (free-standing as well as bas-reliefs) in plaster, including two futuristic towers, a metaphysical structure, several heads, a musical still life, a white construction, and the present work, “Torso Manique.” The formal evolution of “Torso Manique” initially began with studies for a painting, which investigated the image of romantic embrace coupled with the idea of conception and birth. “Torso Manique” is suggestive and abstract, a biomorphic configuration consisting of two conical forms joined at their apices in a figure-8 and crowned with a small mechanomorph. The artist cast two bronzes and one aluminum of “Torso Manique,” without the mechanomorph, in 1978. In addition to the present bronze, one is in a private collection, while the other is in the collection of the Albany Museum of Art, Georgia. The figurative and biomorphic overtones of “Torso Manique,” a conceptual counterpart to Roszak’s more geometric, machine-age sensibility, also characterize Roszak’s later works and his constructions from the late thirties and early forties.
- Creation yearmodeled 1931-32, bronze cast in 1978
- Movement & Style
H 20.75 in. x W 8 in. x D 8 in.
H 52.71 cm x W 20.32 cm x D 20.32 cm
- Gallery locationNew York, NY
- Reference numberLU231276473
- Seller reference numberAPG 20624D.006
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