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34 Stars in a "Great Star" Pattern, Kansas Statehood, ca 1861-63

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34 Stars in a "GREAT STAR" Pattern on a Brilliant, Royal Blue Canton, Opening Two Years of the Civil War, 1861-63, Kansas Statehood: 34 star parade flag, printed on silk. The stars are configured in a variation of what is known as the “Great Star” pattern [one large star made out of smaller stars]. Great Stars take on many forms. This particular one is comprised of a star-shaped perimeter, surrounding a wreath of 8 stars, with a single star in the very center. This variety is interesting, not only because of the inner wreath, but because when star-shaped or circular designs appear in printed flags, they are almost always accompanied by additional stars outside the principal pattern. Sometimes simplicity is better. There is something to be said about the strong graphics of the one big star against the rich, royal blue ground, unencumbered by smaller stars around it. Because there was no official configuration until 1912, the design was left to the liberties of the maker. Among flag collectors, the Great Star configuration is perhaps the most coveted geometric pattern. It seems to have come about shortly before 1818, when Congressman Peter Wendover of New York requested that Captain Samuel Reid, a War of 1812 Naval hero, help to create a new design that would become the third official format of the Stars & Stripes. The primary concern of ship captains was that the signal be easily recognized on the open seas. Reid’s concept of placing all the stars in a star-shaped pattern would have kept the constellation in roughly the same format as the number of states grew and more stars were added. Such a distinct design could be quickly identified at a distance. Though his proposal was rejected by President Monroe due to the increased cost of arranging the stars in this manner, the Great Star was produced by anyone willing to make it. Its rarity today, along with its beauty, has driven its desirability among collectors. This is an extremely rare example and even more extraordinary due to its remarkable color and state of preservation. Kansas was admitted into the Union as the 34th state on January 29th, 1861, about 2 ½ months before the Confederate assault on Fort Sumter that marked the beginning of the Civil War. The 34th star was officially added on July 4th of that year, but most flag makers would have added a 34th star with the addition of Kansas in January. The star count remained official until July 4th, 1863, and 34 star flags would have generally been produced until the addition of West Virginia in June of that year. 34 star parade flags are scarce. Prior to the Civil War, Americans did not employ the flag in many of the ways we do today. Before that time private citizens generally did not fly flags off their porches or wave hand-held examples like this one at parades and rallies. Flags were primarily a tool of the military--particularly the U.S. Navy. It wasn't until Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter that a surge of patriotism caused a great increase in the making and consumption of the Stars & Stripes by the general public. It was then that flag-makers began to produce them in quantity for the first time. This flag would have been among some of the first made for that purpose. Mounting: The flag was mounted and framed within our own conservation department, which is led by expert staff. We take great care in the mounting and preservation of flags and have framed thousands of examples. The solid walnut molding dates to the period between the latter 1860’s and the 1870’s, has ebonized trim, a gold-painted inner lip, and great, early surface. black-painted American molding is an exceptional one, dates between 1830 and 1850, and retains its original, early surface. This is a pressure mount between U.V. protective acrylic and 100% cotton, black in color, that has been washed and treated for color fastness. Condition: Excellent. Frame size (H x L): 11.25" x 13.5 Flag size (H x L): 4.25" x 6.5".

Details

  • Dimensions
    Height: 11.25 in (28.58 cm)Width: 13.5 in (34.29 cm)Depth: 2 in (5.08 cm)
  • Materials and Techniques
  • Place of Origin
  • Period
  • Date of Manufacture
    1861-1863
  • Condition
    See Item Description.
  • Seller Location
    York County, PA
  • Reference Number
    Seller: 34j-10061stDibs: LU849724036872

Shipping & Returns

  • Shipping
    Retrieving quote...
    Ships From: York County, PA
  • Return Policy

    This item cannot be returned.

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About the Seller
5.0
Located in York County, PA
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Established in 1991
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56 sales on 1stDibs
Typical response time: 9 hours
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