Skip to main content
  • Want more images or videos?
    Request additional images or videos from the seller
1 of 6

Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann
Portrait of an Italian Revolutionary

$20,000

About

Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann (Warsaw 1819 – 1881 Copenhagen) Portrait of an Italian Revolutionary Oil on canvas 18 x 13 ½ inches (46 x 34.3 cm) Provenance: Private Collection, Copenhagen Private Collection, New York In her lifetime the work of Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann was greatly acclaimed across Europe, but especially in Denmark, her adopted country where she lived for the majority of her career. She contributed paintings to the World’s Fair in Paris (1855 and 1867), London (1862), and Vienna (1873). At an exhibition in London in 1852, her works caught the attention of Queen Victoria, who requested a private exhibition at Buckingham Palace and acquired her portrait of an Icelandic woman now in The Royal Collection. She achieved considerable success as a portraitist, and painted several members of European royalty and aristocracy, as well as fellow artists and other notable people of her time. An intimate Self-portrait at age thirty-one reveals the sensitivity of Baumann, both as artist and subject, while a later portrait photograph presents her as a consummate professional, at a table easel—brush, palette and mahlstick in hand—intently studying the subject that she is painting (Figs. 1-2). Baumann was born to German parents in Warsaw, Poland. At the age of nineteen she entered the Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf—then one of the premier art centers in Europe—and spent her formative years working in the context of the Düsseldorf school. Her early subject matter was drawn from Polish life and her native country’s struggles during its rebellion against Russia. Her paintings of a destitute Polish family in the ruins of their burned hut and of a refugee mother with a child were exhibited in Cologne and sold to prominent European collectors. The earnings from these early sales allowed her to travel to Italy—an essential part of artistic development in the early nineteenth century. Baumann arrived in Rome in 1845. There, she met her husband, the renowned sculptor Jens Adolf Jerichau, who was a member of the circle of Danish artists living in the Eternal City. Baumann wrote of her time in Rome that it “opened my senses and activated my inner balance.” Paintings from Baumann’s Italian period were primarily of local life and people. Her celebrated Italy of 1859—now in the collection of the Ackland Art Museum in Chapel Hill, North Carolina—symbolized the turmoil of Italy before its unification and was much admired when exhibited in London (Fig. 3). Our portrait is among the more inspired and natural works of Baumann’s oeuvre. While she intentionally painted some of her portraits in a sentimental style popular at the time, the portraits that contain the degree of psychological insight and intrigue found here are among her finest. The sitter is a young Italian man, likely an Italian revolutionary, as suggested by his attire and “Ernani” hat, famously worn by revolutionaries participating in the struggle to unify Italy in this period. Beyond painting likenesses of celebrated people that she encountered, Baumann’s experience of upheaval in revolutionary Poland would certainly have drawn her to depict an Italian revolutionary. Baumann rejected the stifling norms of her day and was unrivalled in her ability to infuse a sense of intimacy and warmth into her male portraits. Here she presents the sitter closely cropped, creating an intimate encounter between the viewer and the young man depicted. She wrote of the place of sensuality in art: “Opinions will be divided on this, but for myself I have to confess that, if it were forbidden for art to illustrate the sensuous, then my position would be that such a rule would be against the Arts, especially the very nature of the art of painting, which understands and observes with the senses and must therefore employ them as the means to enjoy sensuous creations.” Danish art historian Anna Schram Vejlby has noted that, surprisingly for the era, in this portrait we observe the female gaze operating upon a young beautiful man in a way more commonly associated with a male artist portraying a woman he admired. That Baumann did not let the conventions of the day decide how she should approach a depiction of a young man is not surprising. She was deeply engaged in the cause of women’s emancipation and in redefining the position of women within the arts and in other vocations. Baumann was among the first female members of the Danish Royal Academy of Arts. There has been renewed scholarly and curatorial interest in Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann’s art, her life, and the artistic careers of her progeny. This has culminated in the comprehensive catalogue of her work by Jerzy Miskowiak published in 2018, as well as the extensive biography of her grandson, the modernist painter J. A. Jerichau, who had a short but prolific career in Paris in the early twentieth century. Today, Baumann’s works can be found in the National Gallery of Denmark, The Royal Collection, UK, The National Museum Sweden, The Royal Collection, Denmark, The Royal Castle of Warsaw, among others. Our portrait is presented in a period frame from Danish framemaker and gilder to the Royal Court W. J. Mogensen. Martin Philip Guise

Details

  • Creator
    Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann
  • Dimensions
    Height: 18 in. (45.72 cm)Width: 13.5 in. (34.29 cm)
  • Medium
  • Movement & Style
  • Period
  • Condition
  • Gallery Location
    New York, NY
  • Reference Number
    1stDibs: LU1027006512

Shipping & Returns

  • Shipping
    Rates vary by destination and complexity.
    Ships From: New York, NY
  • Return Policy

    This item cannot be returned.

1stDibs Buyer Protection Guaranteed
If your item arrives not as described, we’ll work with you and the seller to make it right. Learn more
About the Seller
5 / 5
Located in New York, NY
Recognized Seller
These prestigious sellers are industry leaders and represent the highest echelon for item quality and design.
Established in 1997
1stDibs seller since 2012
12 sales on 1stDibs
Typical response time: 2 hours
More From This Seller

You May Also Like

Michele Gordigiani, Portrait of a lady, late 19 century, oil on canvas, signed
By Michele Gordigiani
Located in Florence, IT
Our portrait is part of the mature portrait painting of Gordigiani, influenced by the Macchiaioli’s experience and by the Parisian avant-guarde. Vibrant brush strokes and light color...
Category

Late 19th Century Romantic Portrait Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Michele Gordigiani, Portrait of a lady, 1880 circa, oil on canvas, signed
By Michele Gordigiani
Located in Florence, IT
The painting is signed on the bottom left: MGordigiani. It can be added to his mature production, as we can deduce from the clear Macchiaioli and Paris avant-guard influences, and wi...
Category

Late 19th Century Romantic Portrait Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

"Mirror Mirror", George Tsui, Original Oil on Canvas, 47x19 in., Figurative
Located in Dallas, TX
George Tsui's imagination is filled with Chinese themes. The idea of creating his own brand of classic romanticism, unrestrained by conventional reality, was deeply attractive to him...
Category

Early 2000s Romantic Figurative Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

"Anastasia", Pavel Pokidyshev, Oil on Canvas, Russian Artist, Figurative
By Pavel Pokidyshev
Located in Dallas, TX
Pavel Pkidyshev's "Anastasia" is a figurative oil painting. The painting is of a young couple ice skating. The girl wears a vintage style dress detailed with rose bushes, cubist patt...
Category

2010s Romantic Figurative Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

"Sleeping Beauty", George Tsui, Original Oil on Canvas, 47x19 in., Figurative
Located in Dallas, TX
George Tsui's imagination is filled with Chinese themes. The idea of creating his own brand of classic romanticism, unrestrained by conventional reality, was deeply attractive to him...
Category

Early 2000s Romantic Figurative Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

"Natalia", Pavel Pokidyshev, Oil on Canvas, Russian Artist, Figurative, Portrait
By Pavel Pokidyshev
Located in Dallas, TX
Pavel Pkidyshev's "Natalia" is a figurative/portrait oil painting. The young girl sits on a decorative loveseat showcasing Lady Amherst Pheasants in a field of flowers. The girl wear...
Category

2010s Romantic Figurative Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Portrait of Woman, Oil On Canvas, 1909
By Eduardo Tojetti
Located in Paris, FR
Portrait of Woman, 1909 . Oil on canvas. Signed and dated upper left . 15 x 12 in. - 38 x 30.5 cm . Eduardo TOJETTI is an Italian American painter born in Rome, Italy on March 23, 1...
Category

Early 1900s Romantic Figurative Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Family Portrait, Oil on Canvas - Antoine Wiertz
Located in Nuenen, Noord Brabant
Antoine Joseph Wiertz (22 February 1806 – 18 June 1865) was a Belgian romantic painter and sculptor. Born in Dinant from a relatively poor family, he entered the Antwerp art academ...
Category

1850s Romantic Figurative Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

The 1stDibs Promise

Learn More

Expertly Vetted Sellers

Confidence at Checkout

Price-Match Guarantee

Exceptional Support

Buyer Protection

Insured Global Delivery