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Maximilien Luce
Study for "Notre Dame" - 19th Century Oil, Boats & Figures on River by M Luce

1899

$24,603.96

About

Oil on paper laid on canvas. Signed & dated 1899 lower right. This work is included in Tome II of the Catalogue Raisonne by Denise Bazetoux- Ref: 159 This work is a plein air study for a section of Maximmillen Luce's monumental painting depicting Notre Dame which was executed in 1900 and currently holds the world auction record for the painter when it was sold at Christies in 2011 for £2,200,000. Provenance: Comte Arnauld Doria, Paris Maximilien Luce was a French Neo-Impressionist artist, known for his paintings, illustrations, and engravings. As a painter, Luce was initially influenced by Impressionism, and was later inspired by the Divisionist style of Georges Seurat. He would go on to adopt a Pointillist approach to painting, as evidenced in his 1895 work On the Bank of the Seine at Poissy. Luce’s alignment with the Neo-Impressionists extended to their political philosophy of anarchism, with many of his illustrations appearing in socialist periodicals. Although he was best known for depicting landscapes, Luce also frequently took up political topics as his subject matter, identifying and empathizing with the proletariat. Born March 13, 1858 in Paris, France, he became an apprentice to the wood engraver Henri-Théophile Hildebrand at the age of 14. At the end of his life, Luce became less politically active and withdrew from anarchist activism, and his style returned to the Impressionistic mode in which he had first painted. He died February 7, 1941 in Paris, France.

Details

  • Creator
    Maximilien Luce (1858-1941, French)
  • Creation Year
    1899
  • Dimensions
    Height: 12.5 in (31.75 cm)Width: 9.5 in (24.13 cm)Depth: 1 in (2.54 cm)
  • Medium
  • Movement & Style
  • Period
  • Condition
    Very good condition.
  • Gallery Location
    Marlow, GB
  • Reference Number
    1stDibs: LU41534374921

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    Ships From: Marlow, United Kingdom
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About the Artist

Maximilien Luce

Maximilien Luce was born in Paris in 1858. In 1876 he apprenticed in the shop of the engraver Eugène Froment (1844–1900), a qualified craftsman and graduate of the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs. There, Luce worked on numerous illustrations for French newspapers and foreign periodicals.

In 1877, Luce left Paris and went to London. When he returned to France in 1879 he was called for military service. It was during his military service that Luce met Charles Emile Carolus-Duran (1837–1917), the famous French painter and sculptor who was an instructor to countless artists. Luce entered Carolus-Duran’s studio, a move that not only provided him with meticulous training as a draftsman but also introduced him to the leading painters of the time. Luce met Camille Pissarro (1830–1903), with whom he became very good friends and who gave Luce much artistic advice. Along with Pissarro, Georges Seurat (1859–1891) and Paul Signac (1863–1935), Luce was one of the founders of the Neo-Impressionist School (i.e., the Pointillists).

Luce joined the Société des Indépendants in 1887 and consistently participated in the avant-garde group’s exhibitions. Though landscapes made up most of his oeuvre, Luce executed some marvelous paintings of people in the Pointillist style, and this social realist aspect differentiated him from many of his fellow Neo-Impressionists. For a period of time, Luce was a strict Pointillist. After 1920, however, Luce started to paint in a freer manner. He accepted the position of President of the Société des Artistes Indépendants in 1935, a role from which he would eventually resign as a statement against the society’s growing posture towards restricting Jewish artists from exhibiting.

Luce made a significant contribution to exporting Neo-Impressionism and maintained strong ties with the Belgian Pointillist Théo van Rysselberghe (1862–1926). An indefatigable artist, he left a sizable amount of work in various mediums and remains a very important figure in French Post-Impressionist art. Maximilien Luce died in 1941.

(Biography provided by Stern Pissarro Gallery)
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