Neoclassical

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Neoclassical Furniture

Europe, America (mid-18th c. - mid-19th c.)

Neoclassical design emerged in Europe in the 1750s, as the Age of Enlightenment reached full flower. Furniture took its cues from the styles of ancient Rome and Athens: symmetrical, ordered, dignified forms with such details as tapered and fluted chair and table legs, backrest finials and scrolled arms. Over a period of some 20 years, first in France and later in Britain, Neoclassical design — also known as Louis XVI, or Louis Seize — would supersede the lithe and curvaceous Rococo or Louis XV style.

     The first half of the 18th century had seen a rebirth of interest in classical antiquity. The "Grand Tour" of Europe, codified as a part of the proper education of a patrician gentleman, included an extended visit to Rome. Some ventured further, to sketch the ruins of ancient Greece. These drawings and others — particularly those derived from the surprising and rich archaeological discoveries in the 1730s and ’40s at the sites of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum — caused great excitement among intellectuals and aesthetes alike.

     Neoclassical furniture is meant to reflect both grace and power. The overall appearance of Neoclassical chairs, tables and cabinetry is strong and rectilinear. These pieces are, in effect, classical architecture in miniature: chair and tables legs are shaped like columns; cabinets are constructed with elements that mirror friezes and pediments.

     Yet Neoclassicism is enlivened by gilt and silver leaf, marquetry, and carved and applied ornamental motifs based on Greek and Roman sculpture: acanthus leaves, garlands, laurel wreathes, sheaves of arrow, medallions, and chair splats are carved in the shapes of lyres and urns. As you can see from the furniture shown on these pages, there is a bit of whimsy in such stately pieces — a touch of lightness that will always keep Neoclassicism fresh.

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Pair of 19th Century Giltwood Wall Sconces
Antique 19th Century English Wall Lights and Sconces
Giltwood
Pair of 19th Century Giltwood Wall Sconces. Each topped by an eagle holding a chain in its beak, from which are suspended gilt pendants.
A Very Fine George III Mahogany Breakfront Bookcase
A Very Fine George III Mahogany Breakfront Bookcase
Hyde Park Antiques, Ltd.
A Very Fine George III Mahogany Breakfront Bookcas...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier British Bookcases
The dentillated cornice with blind stop-fluted frieze over four glazed doors with octagonal mullions opening to adjustable shelves; the lower part fitted with a secretaire drawer simula...
Louis 16 Style Gilded Wood Pier Glass, 19th Century
Louis 16 Style Gilded Wood Pier Glass, 19th Century
Origines
Louis 16 Style Gilded Wood Pier Glass, 19th Centur...
Antique 19th Century French Louis XVI Trumeau Mirrors
Wood
Dating from the 19th century, Louis 16 style gilded wood pier glass. Bordered with a frieze of laurels, the mirror is topped by a cartridge squeezing laurel branches flanked by flower v...
Baltic Rosewood Curule Tabouret
Baltic Rosewood Curule Tabouret
Antiquario Villas and Cottages
Baltic Rosewood Curule Tabouret
Antique 19th Century Russian Neoclassical Benches
A Baltic, likely Russian, parcel gilt decorated rosewood window seat; in neoclassical Etruscan curule form. Parcel gilt paw feet, foliate stretcher trim, plaques, and fluting. Comfort...
Pair Of Italian Neoclassical Water-colors
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Italian Neoclassical Paintings
A pair of neoclassical, late 18th century, Italian watercolors attributed to Michelangelo Maestri (died in Rome in 1812).
French Porcelain Vase, Locre, circa 1815
Antique 1810s French Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
French Porcelain Vase, Locre, circa 1815
Pair of Louis XVI period white lacquered console t...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Console Tables
Wood, Marble
A fine pair of white lacquered consoles with white marble tops, flower basket decoration, Louis XVI period, circa 1780, France.
Antique Irish Oval Mirror with Sapphire and Enamel...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Irish Georgian Wall Mirrors
Cut Glass, Copper, Pine
Fine and Rare Irish oval mirror the copper frame with faceted ring-set sapphire blue glass jewels alternating with white and gilt enameled jewels centering the original silvered plate. ...
Dipped-ware Pearlware Sky Blue Garniture of Five V...
Antique Late 18th Century English Neoclassical Pottery
Pearlware
The Georgian dipped-ware sky blue vases are possibly by John Wood, Brownfield. Each of inverted bell form, the blue slip field applied with sprigged ribbon-tied fringed drapery swags...
A Grand Tour Porphyry Obelisk With Sienna Marble P...
Antique 19th Century Italian Obelisks
Siena Marble, Carrara Marble, Bronze
A Grand Tour red royal porphyry obelisk, Verde antico marble, Sienna Marble paw feet
Fine Pair of Swedish 19th Century Gustavian Barrel...
Ephraim Stahl
Antique Early 19th Century Swedish Gustavian Armchairs
Mahogany
Fine pair of 19th century Swedish mahogany Gustavian barrel back armchairs attributed to Ephraim Stahl. Supplier to the Royal Court and one of the most sophisticated and inventive maker...
Italian Neoclassical Pressed Brass, Iron and Glass...
Antique Early 19th Century Italian Louis XVI Chandeliers and Pendants
UL wired, probably from Naples, Italy first quarter of the 19th century, the top with pressed brass plumes connected by an inner ring and swags of bead chains continuing to a crown shap...
George III Carved Pine and LImewood chimneypiece
George III Carved Pine and LImewood chimneypiece
Jamb Ltd.
George III Carved Pine and LImewood chimneypiece
Antique 18th Century and Earlier English Fireplaces and Mantels
An 18th Century George III carved pine & limewood fireplace mantel circa 1790.
St. Vladimir Custard Porcelain Cup
Gardner Porcelain Factory
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Russian Porcelain
An extremely rare Russian porcelain two-handled custard cup from the Order of St Vladimir Service, made by the Gardner Factory in 1785; the front and back each adorned with the badge an...
Classical Bookcase on Stand, Baltimore, Maryland
Classical Bookcase on Stand, Baltimore, Maryland
Stanley Weiss Collection
Classical Bookcase on Stand, Baltimore, Maryland
Anthony H. Jenkins
Antique 19th Century American Bookcases
Mahogany
This bookcase on stand is highly distinctive and relates to a school of cabinetry in Baltimore attributed to Anthony H. Jenkins. The notable element is the pair of magnificently carved ...
French Directoire period Bleu Turquin marble firep...
Antique Late 18th Century French Directoire Fireplaces and Mantels
A French Directoire period Bleu Turquin marble fireplace with carved white marble inserts. Origin : Town House Rue du Cherche Midi (Paris - VI district).
Pair of Antique Coalport Porcelain Ice Pails with ...
Coalport Porcelain
Antique Early 19th Century English Neoclassical Soup Tureens
Porcelain
A pair of outstanding Coalport yellow and white gilded ice pails with scrolled finger grip handles, the finial is in the form of two twigs meeting at a point. Yellow was a rare color ...
Signed and Dated, Marble Bust of Man
Antique 19th Century English Sculptures
Marble
Large bust of a man in draped robes with clasp. Carved by prominent Scottish sculptor, Patric Park (18l1-1855)
Set of Four Carved Classical Side Chairs, New York...
Antique 19th Century American American Classical Dining Room Chairs
These chairs are of the type known as "side chairs," which fit nicely for example alongside either a chest or a card table in a hallway. Also, these may be considered "boudoir chairs" f...
Gustavian Candlesticks, circa 1775 -1810
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Swedish Candle Holders
Marble, Bronze
A pair of Swedish Gustavian period candlesticks. An Egyptian figure in black patinated bronze with two gilded bronze arms, above a marble cylindrical base atop a squared black marble ba...
Inlaid Mahogany Hepplewhite, George III Demilune S...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier English Demi-lune Tables
Rosewood, Satinwood, Mahogany
This is an English form rarely seen in America which is used as a side table, and can also be used as a server. This is a beautifully detailed piece with highly figured mahogany banded ...
Italian Porcelain Vase, Doccia, circa 1810
Antique 1810s Italian Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
Italian Porcelain Vase, Doccia, circa 1810
Breakfront Bookcase "Library Bookcase with Wings"
Breakfront Bookcase "Library Bookcase with Wings"
Hirschl & Adler
Breakfront Bookcase "Library Bookcase with Wings"
Unknown
Antique 19th Century American Bookcases
Glass, Mahogany, Pine, Wood, Brass, Composition, Poplar, Steel
Breakfront bookcase, New York, circa 1815-1820.
Italian Rome Carved Neoclassic Giltwood Mirror Thi...
Italian Neoclassical Wall Mirrors
Elegantly fashioned, the rectangular frame surmounted by a carved shell and flanked by foliage carvings, the interior frame carved with rope-form braided moldings.
Pair of Gilt and Patinated Bronze Covered Vases, F...
Antique 1830s French Vases and Vessels
Pair of gilt and patinated bronze covered vases, French, circa 1830.
Rare English Porcelain Pistol-Handled Flight and B...
Antique Early 19th Century English Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
Rare English Porcelain Pistol-Handled Flight And Barr Covered Vase, circa 1800 Decorated on both sides with a floral bouquet. One one a aqua-blue ground (daytime) and on the other si...
Pair of Italian Neo Classic Mirrors
Pair of Italian Neo Classic Mirrors
George N Antiques
Pair of Italian Neo Classic Mirrors
Antique 19th Century Italian Pier Mirrors and Console Mirrors
Pair of Large Italian Neo Classic carved gilt wood pier mirrors with Phoenix, bow knots and greek key motifs.
Fine English Urn-Form Vase by Wedgwood & Bentley
Wedgwood & Bentley
Antique 18th Century and Earlier English Vases and Vessels
This fine and rare English George III period was made in Wedgwood & Bentley Etruria manufactory. The classically inspired urn-form vase has a blue green variegated glaze in imitation of...
Pair of 18th c. white lacquered Marquises , by F.C...
Claude François
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Neoclassical Armchairs
Wood, Lacquer
A fine pair of "Marquises" (large armchairs), white lacquer, stamped By Francois- Claude Menant c.1780, France.
Italian, Lombardia, Carved Giltwood Console Table ...
Antique Late 18th Century Italian Louis XVI Console Tables
Giltwood
The rectangular marble-top above a conforming giltwood console table with precise carvings and tapering fluted legs, raised on small ball feet.
Pair of 18th/19th C. Neoclassical Carved Giltwood ...
Antique 19th Century Italian Wall Lights and Sconces
Wood
Pair of exquisite Neoclassical carved giltwood sconces, each having draped female figure with wings holding torch in each arm and one on her head, serving as the three candlearms, exte...
English Porcelain Vase, Chamberlain Worcester, cir...
Chamberlain Worcester Porcelain
Antique Early 19th Century English Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
English Porcelain Vase, Chamberlain Worcester, Circa 1820
19th Century Swedish Gustavian Klismos Chair
19th Century Swedish Gustavian Klismos Chair
D.Larsson Interior & Antikhandel AB
19th Century Swedish Gustavian Klismos Chair
Ephraim Stahl
Antique Early 19th Century Swedish Gustavian Side Chairs
Wood
Swedish 19th century Gustavian Klismos chair. Attributed to Stockholm Master Ephraim Stahl. Supplier to the Royal Court and one of the most sophisticated and inventive makers of his...
Wall Mirror Washed Giltwood Frame Gustavian Period...
Antique 19th Century Swedish Gustavian Pier Mirrors and Console Mirrors
Wood
A mirror in faded giltwood made in Sweden during the Gustavian period 1775-1810. Faded gilded surface. Original mirror glass.
19th c Russian blue crystal centerpiece
Antique 19th Century Russian Centerpieces
Cut Glass, Bronze
19th c Russian Blue cut crystal and bronze dore centerpiece
An Erotic Aquatint By Sir William Hamilton
Sir William Hamilton
Antique 18th Century and Earlier British Prints
SIR WILLIAM HAMILTON Scottish 1731-1803 Erastes Scene From Collection of Etruscan, Greek and Roman Antiquities from the Cabinet of the Honorable William Hamilton Naples, 1766-...
Louis XVI Period Console Table with Marble Top, Fr...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Console Tables
Wood
A Louis XVI Period Painted & Parcel-gilt Console Table in the Neoclassical taste, mounted with a Marble top. The break-front outline adorned with ribbon & rose garland motifs, and mount...
Grand Tour Marble Tazza Circa 1820
Antique 19th Century Italian Neoclassical Planters and Jardinieres
Siena Marble
A rare neoclassic Grand Tour carved Siena marble carved tazza resting on an acanthus leaf central support flanked by three lion monopeadia raised on marmo rosso antic base.See Thomas Ho...
Set of Six Neoclassical Neapolitan Plates
A.V.D.
Antique 19th Century Italian Neoclassical Ceramics
NeoClassical from the source, Naples. Around 200 years old and with a fresh golden color that cannot be depicted here. The charming classical drawings are each different. Together they ...
Pair of Wedgwood Figural Candlesticks of Pomona an...
Antique 19th Century English Candle Holders
Pair of Wedgwood Figural Candlesticks of Pomona and Ceres, 19th Century
Early 19th Century Swedish Secretary
Early 19th Century Swedish Secretary
Skelton - St John
Early 19th Century Swedish Secretary
Antique 19th Century Swedish Secretaires
Wood
Painted secretaire with drop-front revealing 16 small compartments and three lower drawers, circa 1820. Secretary features original paint (some restoration), old pulls and builder’s sig...
17th Century Flemish Tapestry after Peter Paul Rubens
17th Century Flemish Tapestry after Peter Paul Rubens
Legacy Antiques
17th Century Flemish Tapestry after Peter Paul Rub...
Antique 17th Century Belgian Tapestries
Tapestry
Magnificent Flemish tapestry after the renown painting of Peter Paul Ruben's "Decius Mus preparing for Death," 1616/1617. Upon hearing his fate pronounced by the High Priest of Rome, De...
English Silver Gilt and Engraved Greek-Form Vase
Antique 1860s English Vases and Vessels
London, 1869, Maker: S Smith.
Pair of Louis XVI Fauteuils
Pair of Louis XVI Fauteuils
William R. Eubanks Interior Design, Inc.
Pair of Louis XVI Fauteuils
Antique 18th Century French Armchairs
Exquisite pair of late 18th century, Louis XVI original fine silk Aubusson upholstered fauteuils with original carved and painted finishes, richly decorated with colorful floral and lau...
Wedgwood Black and Gilt Basalt Covered Potpourri V...
Antique 1870s English Neoclassical Vases and Vessels
A wedgwood black and gilt basalt covered Potpourri vase, circa 1870.
Wedgwood Rosso-Antico Vase, circa 1790
Wedgwood
Vases and Vessels
Ceramic
Wedgwood Rosso-Antico Vase, Circa 1790
RUSSIAN CLASSICAL GILT BRONZE AND PAINTED TAZZA
Antique 19th Century Russian Sculptures
Ormolu, Paint, Bronze
Russian Gilt and painted bronze and painted classical three column based tazza with engine turned collars and base to the bowl as well as delicate vines running up the columns
Louis XVI design Fautueil constructed in Walnut, I...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Italian Armchairs
A fine Louis XVI period Fauteuil, with Neoclassical carved designs throughout the exposed Walnut frame. Dating from the fourth quarter of the 1700s, and Italian in origin. The oval ...
18th Century Breccia Marble Column Pedestal
18th Century Breccia Marble Column Pedestal
O'Sullivan Antiques
18th Century Breccia Marble Column Pedestal
Unknown
Pedestals and Columns
Breccia Marble
18th Century Breccia Marble Column Pedestal. With a white marble capital above an entastic column, resting on a square pedestal with a cavetto edge.
French Louis XVI Secretaire Signed by "Jean-Baptis...
Jean-Baptiste Vassou
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Louis XVI Secretaires
Bronze, Leather, Marble, Oak, Ormolu, Satinwood, Tulipwood
Magnificently detailed important French Louis XVI secretaire a abattant. Signed by Jean - Baptiste Vassou (1.28.1767 master in Paris as shown on pg. 302 F DE SALVERTE "Les Ebenistes du ...
Italian Red Grain Painted and Gilt Decorated Tall ...
Antique Late 18th Century Italian Neoclassical Clocks
Metal, Paint, Wood
This clock stands tall with original red grained paint and decorative gilt details. The works are early 18th century English with calendar movement. The works are signed "Tanpium." The ...
An Austrian Neoclassic Parcel-gilt Mahogany Bookca...
Antique 19th Century Austrian Bookcases
Mahogany
An Neoclassic Empire mahogany bookcase with parcel-gilt.
Superb Louis XVI Commode, Stamped "J. Manser", Fra...
Jacques Manser
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Commodes and Chests of Drawers
Fruitwood, Purpleheart, Rosewood, Bronze, Marble, Tulipwood
A very fine Louis XVI period Commode, with intricate inlaid designs of exotic wood, and stamped inside one upper drawer "J MANSER" & "JME". French in origin, and dating from the third q...
Great head of god Zeus in Terracotta. Eighteenth C...
Antique Late 18th Century French Sculptures
Bronze, Terracotta
Great head of god Zeus in Terracotta, mounted in patinated bronze base. Probably part of large statue. Eighteenth Century
Hepplewhite Bowfront Mahogany Sideboard with Brass...
Antique Early 19th Century English Hepplewhite Sideboards
Brass, Mahogany
Hepplewhite Bowfront Mahogany Sideboard with Brass Gallery. Three crossbanded drawers above an oval-paneled cabinet on each side, and a fitted interior.
A Fine Italian Neoclassic Giltwood 6 Arm Chandelie...
Antique 19th Century Italian Chandeliers and Pendants
Giltwood
finely carved wood with beautiful water gilding
Pair London-decorated Coalport Ice Pails, England ...
Coalport Porcelain
Antique 19th Century English Wine Coolers
A very fine pair of Coalport porcelain Ice Pails, featuring exceptional gilt decoration & en grissaille vignettes with Neoclassical imagery. Dating from the first years of the 1800s, an...
19th Century Carrara Marble Statue
19th Century Carrara Marble Statue
Skelton - St John
19th Century Carrara Marble Statue
Antique 19th Century Italian Statues
Carrara Marble
Italian statue of Carrara marble, a figural representation of the season, winter (marked "INVERNO".)
A Neo-classical mahogany desk, Russia Late 18th century
A Neo-classical mahogany desk, Russia Late 18th century
Portuondo
A Neo-classical mahogany desk, Russia Late 18th ce...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Russian Desks and Writing Tables
Mahogany, Brass, Bronze, Leather
A fine mahogany desk with brass and bronze mounts, interior green leather, Late 18th century, Russia.
Empire Gilt Silver Epergne, c1805
Antique Early 19th Century French Centerpieces
Glass
This beautiful French early 19th c gilt silver epergne is decorated with classical female figures, cherubs, dragon flies, and Egyptian heads, it stands on hoofed feet. The lid is adorne...