Neoclassical

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Neoclassical Furniture

Europe, America (mid-18th c. - mid-19th c.)

Neoclassical design emerged in Europe in the 1750s, as the Age of Enlightenment reached full flower. Furniture took its cues from the styles of ancient Rome and Athens: symmetrical, ordered, dignified forms with such details as tapered and fluted chair and table legs, backrest finials and scrolled arms. Over a period of some 20 years, first in France and later in Britain, Neoclassical design — also known as Louis XVI, or Louis Seize — would supersede the lithe and curvaceous Rococo or Louis XV style.

     The first half of the 18th century had seen a rebirth of interest in classical antiquity. The "Grand Tour" of Europe, codified as a part of the proper education of a patrician gentleman, included an extended visit to Rome. Some ventured further, to sketch the ruins of ancient Greece. These drawings and others — particularly those derived from the surprising and rich archaeological discoveries in the 1730s and ’40s at the sites of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum — caused great excitement among intellectuals and aesthetes alike.

     Neoclassical furniture is meant to reflect both grace and power. The overall appearance of Neoclassical chairs, tables and cabinetry is strong and rectilinear. These pieces are, in effect, classical architecture in miniature: chair and tables legs are shaped like columns; cabinets are constructed with elements that mirror friezes and pediments.

     Yet Neoclassicism is enlivened by gilt and silver leaf, marquetry, and carved and applied ornamental motifs based on Greek and Roman sculpture: acanthus leaves, garlands, laurel wreathes, sheaves of arrow, medallions, and chair splats are carved in the shapes of lyres and urns. As you can see from the furniture shown on these pages, there is a bit of whimsy in such stately pieces — a touch of lightness that will always keep Neoclassicism fresh.

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Russian Neoclassical Crystal Chandelier

Russian Neoclassical Crystal Chandelier
Antique 19th Century Russian Neoclassical Chandeliers and Pendants
Bronze, Crystal, Glass
This exceptionally rare, Russian Neoclassical chandelier is the epitome of early 19th century luxury and style. Crafted in Saint Petersburg of mercury-gilded bronze, cobalt blue glass a...
French Empire Mahogany Dressing Table Mirror, circa 1810
French Empire Mahogany Dressing Table Mirror, circ...
Antique 19th Century French Empire Table Mirrors
Mahogany, Giltwood
French Empire mahogany dressing table mirror, circa 1810, the case houses a “cheval style” mirror; it is surmounted by a gilt lyre and garland swag, the adjustable mirror is supported b...
French Empire Gilt and Patinated Bronze Candlestick in the Form of an Oil Lamp
French Empire Gilt and Patinated Bronze Candlestic...
Antique 19th Century French Neoclassical Candle Holders
Ormolu, Marble
The candlestick is in the form of an oil lamp. The curving handle ends in an eagle's head and the spout issues a flame that is used to douse the candle. The rosette-mounted nozzle rever...
Pair of Restauration Lotus Carved Rosewood Side Chairs by Duncan Phyfe

By Duncan Phyfe
Pair of Restauration Lotus Carved Rosewood Side Ch...
Duncan Phyfe
Antique 1830s American Neoclassical Side Chairs
Rosewood, Upholstery
Attributed to Phyfe & Sons (1837-1840) or D. Phyfe & Son (1840-1847), New York circa 1835-1840. The oxbow shaped crest rail above a vertical central carved and pierced splat above a...
Pair of 19th Century Giltwood Wall Sconces

Pair of 19th Century Giltwood Wall Sconces
Antique 19th Century English Wall Lights and Sconces
Giltwood
Pair of 19th century giltwood wall sconces. Each topped by an eagle holding a chain in its beak, from which are suspended gilt pendants.
Regency Style Fancy Painted Armchairs, England early 20th century
Regency Style Fancy Painted Armchairs, England ear...
Early 20th Century English Regency Armchairs
Paint, Wood, Cane
An elegant ebonized fancy painted armchair in the Regency Style. Made in England during the first quarter of the 20th century.
Neoclassical Round Clock Carrara Marble Bronze Bra...
Antique Late 18th Century French Neoclassical Clocks
Brass, Bronze
A neoclassical round clock with two white and black marble obelisks and a Carrara marble basement. The clock face is lacquered, protected by glass and marked "Sarton a Liege". The mecha...
Classical Figural White Marble Mantel Surround, circa 1820
Classical Figural White Marble Mantel Surround, ci...
Antique 1820s Italian Neoclassical Fireplaces and Mantels
Marble
Continental Europe, probably Italy, second quarter of the 19th century. The oblong mantel piece with molded base above a pair of carved classical dancing maidens flanking the firebox...
Antique English Early 19th Century Wedgwood Chandelier

By Josiah Wedgwood
Antique English Early 19th Century Wedgwood Chande...
Josiah Wedgwood
Antique Early 19th Century English Regency Chandeliers and Pendants
Ceramic, Cut Glass, Ormolu
A rare early 19th century Regency period English chandelier, the body of Wedgwood jasperware mounted with elaborate gilt ormolu metal work issuing five electrified candle arms and hung ...
Baltic Rosewood Curule Tabouret

Baltic Rosewood Curule Tabouret
Antique 19th Century Russian Neoclassical Benches
A Baltic, likely Russian, parcel-gilt decorated rosewood window seat; in neoclassical Etruscan Curule form. parcel-gilt paw feet, foliate stretcher trim, plaques, and fluting. Comfortab...
Pair of "Old Paris" Vases with Garlands of Bisquit Flowers
Pair of "Old Paris" Vases with Garlands of Bisquit...
Antique 1820s French Neoclassical Porcelain
French, circa 1820. Porcelain, painted and gilded, with applied bisquit flowers 8 13/16 in. high. Inscribed (with incised mark, under the base of each): 3.   
Pair of Wedgwood Figural Candlesticks of Pomona and Ceres, 19th Century
Pair of Wedgwood Figural Candlesticks of Pomona an...
Antique 19th Century English Candle Holders
Pair of Wedgwood figural candlesticks of Pomona and Ceres, 19th century.
Antique Irish Oval Mirror with Sapphire and Enamel Jewels, circa 1785
Antique Irish Oval Mirror with Sapphire and Enamel...
Antique 1780s Irish Georgian Wall Mirrors
Cut Glass, Copper, Pine
Fine and rare 18th century Irish oval mirror, the copper frame with faceted ring-set sapphire blue glass jewels alternating with white and gilt enameled jewels centering the original si...
Dipped-ware Pearlware Sky Blue Garniture of Five Vases & Covers, 18th-century.
Dipped-ware Pearlware Sky Blue Garniture of Five V...
Antique Late 18th Century English Neoclassical Pottery
Pearlware
The Georgian dipped-ware sky blue vases are possibly by John Wood, Brownfield. Each of inverted bell form, the blue slip field applied with sprigged ribbon-tied fringed drapery swags...
Classical Bookcase on Stand, Baltimore, Maryland

Classical Bookcase on Stand, Baltimore, Maryland
Anthony H. Jenkins
Antique 19th Century American Bookcases
Mahogany
This bookcase on stand is highly distinctive and relates to a school of cabinetry in Baltimore attributed to Anthony H. Jenkins. The notable element is the pair of magnificently carved ...
Italian Neoclassical Pressed Brass, Iron and Glass...
Antique Early 19th Century Italian Louis XVI Chandeliers and Pendants
UL wired, probably from Naples, Italy first quarter of the 19th century, the top with pressed brass plumes connected by an inner ring and swags of bead chains continuing to a crown shap...
Neoclassical Mahogany Armoire with Floral Marquetr...
Antique Late 18th Century Dutch Neoclassical Wardrobes and Armoires
Mahogany
An 18th century Dutch neoclassical mahogany armoire with floral marquetry inlay. The impressive and very decorative armoire has a moulded broken pediment with a central urn, above pa...
Signed and Dated, Marble Bust of Man

Signed and Dated, Marble Bust of Man
Antique 19th Century English Sculptures
Marble
Large bust of a man in draped robes with clasp. Carved by prominent Scottish sculptor, Patric Park (18l1-1855).
French Directoire period Bleu Turquin marble firep...
Antique Late 18th Century French Directoire Fireplaces and Mantels
A French Directoire period Bleu Turquin marble fireplace with carved white marble inserts. Origin : Town House Rue du Cherche Midi (Paris - VI district).
Set of Four Carved Classical Side Chairs, New York

Set of Four Carved Classical Side Chairs, New York...
Antique 19th Century American American Classical Dining Room Chairs
Mahogany
These chairs are of the type known as "side chairs," which fit nicely for example alongside either a chest or a card table in a hallway. Also, these may be considered "boudoir chairs" f...
American Breakfront Bookcase "Library Bookcase with Wings"
American Breakfront Bookcase "Library Bookcase wit...
Unknown
Antique 19th Century American Neoclassical Bookcases
Glass, Mahogany, Wood
Breakfront bookcase [library book case with wings], circa 1815–1820 New York Mahogany (secondary woods: mahogany, pine, and poplar), with wood and composition capitals and bases, vari...
Italian Neoclassical Period Walnut and Inlaid Cent...
Antique 1830s Italian Neoclassical Center Tables
The circular top having a beautifully inlaid large center medallion with an outer gap-banded detail, the apron very unique in its geometric pattern raised on a turned columnar support w...
Italian, Lombardia, Carved Giltwood Console Table ...
Antique Late 18th Century Italian Louis XVI Console Tables
Giltwood
The rectangular marble-top above a conforming giltwood console table with precise carvings and tapering fluted legs, raised on small ball feet.
Fine English Urn-Form Vase by Wedgwood & Bentley

By Wedgwood & Bentley
Fine English Urn-Form Vase by Wedgwood & Bentley
Wedgwood & Bentley
Antique Late 18th Century English Neoclassical Vases and Vessels
Ceramic
This fine and rare English George III period was made in Wedgwood & Bentley Etruria manufactory. The classically inspired urn-form vase has a blue green variegated glaze in imitation of...
Pair of 18th/19th Centruy Neoclassical Carved Giltwood Sconces
Pair of 18th/19th Centruy Neoclassical Carved Gilt...
Antique 19th Century Italian Neoclassical Wall Lights and Sconces
Wood
Pair of exquisite Neoclassical carved giltwood sconces, each having draped female figure with wings holding torch in each arm and one on her head, serving as the three candlearms, exte...
Brass Figural Solar Lamp with Maiden-Form Standard

By Cornelius & Co.
Brass Figural Solar Lamp with Maiden-Form Standard...
Cornelius & Co.
Antique 1740s American Neoclassical Table Lamps
Brass, Glass
With a cut and etched glass tulip shade Cornelius & Co. Labeled: Cornelius & Co./ Philad/ Patent/ April 16th, 1843 Philadelphia, circa 1843 H: 31"
19th Century Swedish Gustavian, Klismos Chair

By Ephraim Stahl
19th Century Swedish Gustavian, Klismos Chair
Ephraim Stahl
Antique Early 19th Century Swedish Gustavian Side Chairs
Wood
Swedish, 19th century, Gustavian, Klismos chair. Attributed to Stockholm Master Ephraim Stahl. Supplier to the Royal Court and one of the most sophisticated and inventive makers of ...
Pair of Gilt and Patinated Bronze Covered Vases, French, circa 1830
Pair of Gilt and Patinated Bronze Covered Vases, F...
Antique 1830s French Vases and Vessels
Pair of gilt and patinated bronze covered vases, French, circa 1830.
Pier Mirror in the Neoclassical Taste

Pier Mirror in the Neoclassical Taste
Antique 19th Century American Neoclassical Pier Mirrors and Console Mirrors...
New York, circa 1815-1820. Wood, gessoed and gilded, with mirror plate. 75 1/2 in. high, 44 1/8 in. wide (at the cornice), 8 1/2 in. deep (at the cornice). Condition: Some restorat...
Rare English Porcelain Pistol-Handled Flight and B...
Antique Early 19th Century English Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
Rare English porcelain pistol-handled flight and barr covered vase, circa 1800. Decorated on both sides with a floral bouquet. One one a aqua-blue ground (daytime) and on the other s...
Louis XVI Period Console Table with Marble Top, France c. 1790
Louis XVI Period Console Table with Marble Top, Fr...
Antique 1790s French Console Tables
Wood
A Louis XVI Period Painted & Parcel-gilt Console Table in the Neoclassical taste, mounted with a Marble top. The break-front outline adorned with ribbon & rose garland motifs, and mount...
English Porcelain Vase, Chamberlain Worcester, circa 1820

By Chamberlain Worcester Porcelain
English Porcelain Vase, Chamberlain Worcester, cir...
Chamberlain Worcester Porcelain
Antique Early 19th Century English Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
English porcelain vase, Chamberlain Worcester, circa 1820.
Carved Mahogany Grecian Sofa

Carved Mahogany Grecian Sofa
Duncan Phyfe
Antique 1810s American American Classical Sofas
Mahogany
In the manner of Duncan Phyfe (1770-1854), New York, circa 1815. The scrolled crest rail with a central panel with relief-carved intertwined cornucopia issuing fruit and wheat, flan...
Early 19th Century Swedish Secretary

Early 19th Century Swedish Secretary
Antique Early 19th Century Swedish Biedermeier Secretaires
Wood
Painted secretaire from Sweden with drop-front revealing 16 small compartments and three lower drawers, circa 1820. Secretary features original paint (some restoration), old pulls and b...
17th Century Flemish Tapestry after Peter Paul Rubens
17th Century Flemish Tapestry after Peter Paul Rub...
Antique 17th Century Belgian Tapestries
Tapestry
Magnificent Flemish tapestry after the renown painting of Peter Paul Ruben's "Decius Mus preparing for Death," 1616/1617. Upon hearing his fate pronounced by the High Priest of Rome, De...
English Silver Gilt and Engraved Greek-Form Vase
English Silver Gilt and Engraved Greek-Form Vase
Antique 1860s English Vases and Vessels
London, 1869, Maker: S Smith.
Carved and Gilt-Decorated Rosewood Octagonal Drum Table with Radial Top

By Thomas Cook, Richard Parkin
Carved and Gilt-Decorated Rosewood Octagonal Drum ...
Thomas Cook, Richard Parkin
Antique 1820s American American Classical Center Tables
Rosewood, Paint
Published: Carswell Rush Berlin, "'A Shadow of a Magnitude: "The Furniture of Thomas Cook and Richard Parkin," American Furniture (Hanover: Chipstone Foundation, 2013), 156-195. John...
Wedgwood Black and Gilt Basalt Covered Potpourri Vase, circa 1870
Wedgwood Black and Gilt Basalt Covered Potpourri V...
Antique 1870s English Neoclassical Vases and Vessels
A wedgwood black and gilt basalt covered Potpourri vase, circa 1870.
Very Fine Brass-Inlaid Gilt Bronze-Mounted Games Table by Duncan Phyfe

By Duncan Phyfe
Very Fine Brass-Inlaid Gilt Bronze-Mounted Games T...
Duncan Phyfe
Antique 1810s American American Classical Card Tables and Tea Tables
Brass, Bronze, Rosewood, Satinwood
Important classical bronze-mounted rosewood games table with brass, ebony and satinwood inlay  and carved giltwood dolphin feet attributed To Duncan Phyfe (1770-1854), New York, 181...
Wedgwood Rosso-Antico Vase, circa 1790

By Wedgwood
Wedgwood Rosso-Antico Vase, circa 1790
Wedgwood
Antique 1790s Vases and Vessels
Ceramic
Wedgwood Rosso-Antico Vase, Circa 1790
Italian Red Grain Painted and Gilt Decorated Tall ...
Antique Late 18th Century Italian Neoclassical Clocks
Metal, Wood, Paint
This clock stands tall with original red grained paint and decorative gilt details. The works are early 18th century English with calendar movement. The works are signed "Tanpium." The ...
RUSSIAN CLASSICAL GILT BRONZE AND PAINTED TAZZA
RUSSIAN CLASSICAL GILT BRONZE AND PAINTED TAZZA
Antique 19th Century Russian Sculptures
Ormolu, Paint, Bronze
Russian Gilt and painted bronze and painted classical three column based tazza with engine turned collars and base to the bowl as well as delicate vines running up the columns
Superb Louis XVI Commode, Stamped "J. Manser", France c. 1770
Superb Louis XVI Commode, Stamped "J. Manser", Fra...
Jacques Manser
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Commodes and Chests of Drawers
Bronze, Marble, Fruitwood, Purpleheart, Rosewood, Tulipwood
A very fine Louis XVI period Commode, with intricate inlaid designs of exotic wood, and stamped inside one upper drawer "J MANSER" & "JME". French in origin, and dating from the third q...
Federal Serpentine Inlaid Mahogany Bureau, circa 1800

Federal Serpentine Inlaid Mahogany Bureau, circa 1...
Antique Early 1800s American Neoclassical Commodes and Chests of Drawers
Mahogany
New York, circa 1800. The oblong top with exaggerated serpentine front edge and string edging above a conforming case with inlaid light-wood stringing at every edge, having four grad...
Louis XVI design Fautueil constructed in Walnut, Italy c. 1780
Louis XVI design Fautueil constructed in Walnut, I...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Italian Armchairs
A fine Louis XVI period Fauteuil, with Neoclassical carved designs throughout the exposed Walnut frame. Dating from the fourth quarter of the 1700s, and Italian in origin. The oval ...
18th Century Breccia Marble Column Pedestal

18th Century Breccia Marble Column Pedestal
Unknown
Antique 1780s Pedestals and Columns
Breccia Marble
18th century Breccia marble column pedestal. With a white marble capital above an entastic column, resting on a square pedestal with a cavetto edge.
Important Giltwood Convex Girandole Mirror

Important Giltwood Convex Girandole Mirror
Antique 1820s American Regency Convex Mirrors
Pine
Surmounted with an Eagle and Anthemeon. American or English, circa 1825. A carved eagle with spread wings on a tapering platform above scrolled foliage and a pierced anthemion above...
Hepplewhite Bowfront Mahogany Sideboard with Brass Gallery
Hepplewhite Bowfront Mahogany Sideboard with Brass...
Antique Early 19th Century English Hepplewhite Sideboards
Brass, Mahogany
Hepplewhite bowfront mahogany sideboard with brass gallery. Three crossbanded drawers above an oval-paneled cabinet on each side, and a fitted interior.
Fine Italian Neoclassic Giltwood Six-Arm Chandelier

Fine Italian Neoclassic Giltwood Six-Arm Chandelie...
Antique 19th Century Italian Chandeliers and Pendants
Giltwood
Finely carved wood with beautiful water gilding.
Pair of London-decorated Coalport Ice Pails, England circa 1805
Pair of London-decorated Coalport Ice Pails, Engla...
Coalport Porcelain
Antique Early 19th Century English Porcelain
Porcelain
A very fine pair of Coalport porcelain Ice Pails, featuring exceptional gilt decoration & en grissaille vignettes with Neoclassical imagery. Dating from the first years of the 1800s, an...
19th Century Carrara Marble Statue from Italy
19th Century Carrara Marble Statue from Italy
Antique 19th Century Italian Statues
Carrara Marble
Italian statue of Carrara marble; a figural representation of the season winter, marked INVERNO at its base.
Carved Giltwood Convex Girandole Mirror

Carved Giltwood Convex Girandole Mirror
Unknown
Antique 1820s English Regency Convex Mirrors
Mirror, Wood
Surmounted by a spread-winged eagle on a rockery. American or English, Possibly Boston, circa 1825. Having a circular frame with tubular framing device and reeded and ebonized lin...
Large Italian Neoclassical Cut Glass Chandelier

Large Italian Neoclassical Cut Glass Chandelier
Antique Late 18th Century Italian Neoclassical Chandeliers and Pendants
This large-scale, magnificent chandelier with colored and clear crystals is mounted with a circular banded corona issuing sprays of flower heads and hung with glass pendant swags. The n...
Empire Gilt Silver Epergne, circa 1805

Empire Gilt Silver Epergne, circa 1805
Antique Early 19th Century French Centerpieces
Silver, Glass
This beautiful French early 19th century gilt silver epergne is decorated with classical female figures, cherubs, dragon flies, and Egyptian heads, it stands on hoofed feet. The lid is ...
Pair of Restoration Rosewood Grecian Recamier Couches, circa 1835-1840
Pair of Restoration Rosewood Grecian Recamier Couc...
Duncan Phyfe
Antique 1830s American Federal Chaise Longues
Rosewood
Attributed to Duncan Phyfe (1770-1854) or D. Phyfe & Sons (active 1837-1840), New York, 1835-1840. Each with undulating veneered crest rail terminating in two scrolls with concentri...
Armchair Swedish Gustavian White 19th Century Sweden
Armchair Swedish Gustavian White 19th Century Swed...
Antique Late 18th Century Swedish Gustavian Armchairs
Wood
Armchair Swedish Gustavian White 19th Century Sweden. A beautiful armchair made during the Gustavian period. Back splat with a carved in a typical carving for chairs made in western par...
Pair of Classical Silvered Bronze Seven-Light Figural Candelabras, circa 1840
Pair of Classical Silvered Bronze Seven-Light Figu...
Antique 1830s American Neoclassical Candle Holders
Brass
Rare, William IV English or American, Possibly Henry Hooper, Boston, circa 1840. Both powerful and lyrical, perfect for a sideboard, mantel or dining table.
Fine Directoire Mahogany and Brass Inlaid Desk

Fine Directoire Mahogany and Brass Inlaid Desk
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Desks
Mahogany, Brass
The top with pierced gallery and leather insert above a frieze drawer flanked by two drawers on square tapering legs terminating with sabots. (Side extensions measure maximum 17" W x 2...
Pair of Regency Eagle Base Lacquered Brass Candelabra, circa 1820

By Messenger & Phipson
Pair of Regency Eagle Base Lacquered Brass Candela...
Messenger & Phipson
Antique 1820s English Neoclassical Candle Holders
Brass, Glass
Stamped: M & P (Messenger & Phipson, active 1797-1823) Birmingham and London, circa 1820. The central standard raising a finial flanked by candle arms with lusters hanging from the ...
Two William IV Bronze Argand Lamps in the Form of Ancient Rhytons, circa 1835

By Messenger and Sons
Two William IV Bronze Argand Lamps in the Form of ...
Messenger and Sons
Antique 1830s English Neoclassical Table Lamps
Brass, Glass
Pair. Stamped: Messenger Thomas Messenger & Sons Birmingham, England, circa 1835. The round top of the oil font with cast lotus leaf decoration and finial on the fluted, Horn-sh...