Neoclassical

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Neoclassical Furniture

Europe, America (mid-18th c. - mid-19th c.)

Neoclassical design emerged in Europe in the 1750s, as the Age of Enlightenment reached full flower. Furniture took its cues from the styles of ancient Rome and Athens: symmetrical, ordered, dignified forms with such details as tapered and fluted chair and table legs, backrest finials and scrolled arms. Over a period of some 20 years, first in France and later in Britain, Neoclassical design — also known as Louis XVI, or Louis Seize — would supersede the lithe and curvaceous Rococo or Louis XV style.

     The first half of the 18th century had seen a rebirth of interest in classical antiquity. The "Grand Tour" of Europe, codified as a part of the proper education of a patrician gentleman, included an extended visit to Rome. Some ventured further, to sketch the ruins of ancient Greece. These drawings and others — particularly those derived from the surprising and rich archaeological discoveries in the 1730s and ’40s at the sites of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum — caused great excitement among intellectuals and aesthetes alike.

     Neoclassical furniture is meant to reflect both grace and power. The overall appearance of Neoclassical chairs, tables and cabinetry is strong and rectilinear. These pieces are, in effect, classical architecture in miniature: chair and tables legs are shaped like columns; cabinets are constructed with elements that mirror friezes and pediments.

     Yet Neoclassicism is enlivened by gilt and silver leaf, marquetry, and carved and applied ornamental motifs based on Greek and Roman sculpture: acanthus leaves, garlands, laurel wreathes, sheaves of arrow, medallions, and chair splats are carved in the shapes of lyres and urns. As you can see from the furniture shown on these pages, there is a bit of whimsy in such stately pieces — a touch of lightness that will always keep Neoclassicism fresh.

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Baltic Rosewood Curule Tabouret
Antiquario Villas and Cottages
Baltic Rosewood Curule Tabouret
Antique 19th Century Russian Neoclassical Benches
A Baltic, likely Russian, parcel gilt decorated rosewood window seat; in neoclassical Etruscan curule form. Parcel gilt paw feet, foliate stretcher trim, plaques, and fluting. Comfort...
Louis 16 Style Gilded Wood Pier Glass, 19th Centur...
Antique 19th Century French Louis XVI Trumeau Mirrors
Wood
Dating from the 19th century, Louis 16 style gilded wood pier glass. Bordered with a frieze of laurels, the mirror is topped by a cartridge squeezing laurel branches flanked by flower v...
Pair of Restauration Lotus Carved Rosewood Side Ch...
Duncan Phyfe
Antique 1830s American Neoclassical Side Chairs
Rosewood, Upholstery
Attributed to Phyfe & Sons (1837-1840) or D. Phyfe & Son (1840-1847), New York circa 1835-1840. The oxbow shaped crest rail above a vertical central carved and pierced splat above a...
A Very Fine George III Mahogany Breakfront Bookcase
Hyde Park Antiques, Ltd.
A Very Fine George III Mahogany Breakfront Bookcas...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier British Bookcases
The dentillated cornice with blind stop-fluted frieze over four glazed doors with octagonal mullions opening to adjustable shelves; the lower part fitted with a secretaire drawer simula...
Pair of 19th Century Giltwood Wall Sconces
Antique 19th Century English Wall Lights and Sconces
Giltwood
Pair of 19th Century Giltwood Wall Sconces. Each topped by an eagle holding a chain in its beak, from which are suspended gilt pendants.
Michelangelo Maestri, Italian Neoclassical Water-c...
Antique Late 18th Century Italian Neoclassical Paintings
Paper
A pair of neoclassical, late 18th century, Italian watercolors attributed to Michelangelo Maestri (died in Rome in 1812).
Classical Figural White Marble Mantel Surround, ci...
Antique 1820s Italian Neoclassical Fireplaces and Mantels
Marble
Continental Europe, probably Italy, second quarter of the 19th century. The oblong mantel piece with molded base above a pair of carved classical dancing maidens flanking the firebox...
French Porcelain Vase, Locre, circa 1815
Antique 1810s French Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
French Porcelain Vase, Locre, circa 1815
Pair of Louis XVI period white lacquered console t...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Console Tables
Wood, Marble
A fine pair of white lacquered consoles with white marble tops, flower basket decoration, Louis XVI period, circa 1780, France.
A Grand Tour Porphyry Obelisk With Sienna Marble P...
Antique 19th Century Italian Obelisks
Siena Marble, Carrara Marble, Bronze
A Grand Tour red royal porphyry obelisk, Verde antico marble, Sienna Marble paw feet
Pair of Wedgwood Figural Candlesticks of Pomona an...
Antique 19th Century English Candle Holders
Pair of Wedgwood Figural Candlesticks of Pomona and Ceres, 19th Century
Antique Irish Oval Mirror with Sapphire and Enamel...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Irish Georgian Wall Mirrors
Cut Glass, Copper, Pine
Fine and Rare Irish oval mirror the copper frame with faceted ring-set sapphire blue glass jewels alternating with white and gilt enameled jewels centering the original silvered plate. ...
Dipped-ware Pearlware Sky Blue Garniture of Five V...
Antique Late 18th Century English Neoclassical Pottery
Pearlware
The Georgian dipped-ware sky blue vases are possibly by John Wood, Brownfield. Each of inverted bell form, the blue slip field applied with sprigged ribbon-tied fringed drapery swags...
George III Carved Pine and LImewood chimneypiece
Jamb Ltd.
George III Carved Pine and LImewood chimneypiece
Antique Mid-18th Century English Fireplaces and Mantels
An 18th Century George III carved pine & limewood fireplace mantel circa 1790.
Classical Caned Figured Maple Grecian Couch
Carswell Rush Berlin, Inc.
Classical Caned Figured Maple Grecian Couch
Unknown
Antique 1810s American Neoclassical Chaise Longues
Cane, Maple
New York, 1815-1825. The two-thirds back with scrolled arm rest with a tiered concentric boss between scrolled arms each with tiered concentric bosses, the seat rail above "hairy" an...
Classical Bookcase on Stand, Baltimore, Maryland
Stanley Weiss Collection
Classical Bookcase on Stand, Baltimore, Maryland
Anthony H. Jenkins
Antique 19th Century American Bookcases
Mahogany
This bookcase on stand is highly distinctive and relates to a school of cabinetry in Baltimore attributed to Anthony H. Jenkins. The notable element is the pair of magnificently carved ...
Italian Neoclassical Pressed Brass, Iron and Glass...
Antique Early 19th Century Italian Louis XVI Chandeliers and Pendants
UL wired, probably from Naples, Italy first quarter of the 19th century, the top with pressed brass plumes connected by an inner ring and swags of bead chains continuing to a crown shap...
Signed and Dated, Marble Bust of Man
Antique 19th Century English Sculptures
Marble
Large bust of a man in draped robes with clasp. Carved by prominent Scottish sculptor, Patric Park (18l1-1855)
Gustavian Candlesticks, circa 1775 -1810
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Swedish Candle Holders
Marble, Bronze
A pair of Swedish Gustavian period candlesticks. An Egyptian figure in black patinated bronze with two gilded bronze arms, above a marble cylindrical base atop a squared black marble ba...
French Directoire period Bleu Turquin marble firep...
Antique Late 18th Century French Directoire Fireplaces and Mantels
A French Directoire period Bleu Turquin marble fireplace with carved white marble inserts. Origin : Town House Rue du Cherche Midi (Paris - VI district).
Pair of Antique Coalport Porcelain Ice Pails with ...
Coalport Porcelain
Antique Early 19th Century English Neoclassical Soup Tureens
Porcelain
A pair of outstanding Coalport yellow and white gilded ice pails with scrolled finger grip handles, the finial is in the form of two twigs meeting at a point. Yellow was a rare color ...
Set of Four Carved Classical Side Chairs, New York...
Antique 19th Century American American Classical Dining Room Chairs
These chairs are of the type known as "side chairs," which fit nicely for example alongside either a chest or a card table in a hallway. Also, these may be considered "boudoir chairs" f...
Breakfront Bookcase "Library Bookcase with Wings"
Hirschl & Adler
Breakfront Bookcase "Library Bookcase with Wings"
Unknown
Antique 19th Century American Bookcases
Glass, Mahogany, Pine, Wood, Brass, Composition, Poplar, Steel
Breakfront bookcase, New York, circa 1815-1820.
Inlaid Mahogany Hepplewhite, George III Demilune S...
English Hepplewhite Demi-lune Tables
Mahogany, Rosewood, Satinwood
This is an English form rarely seen in America which is used as a side table, and can also be used as a server. This is a beautifully detailed piece with highly figured mahogany banded ...
Pair of Italian Neo Classic Mirrors
George N Antiques
Pair of Italian Neo Classic Mirrors
Antique 19th Century Italian Pier Mirrors and Console Mirrors
Pair of Large Italian Neo Classic carved gilt wood pier mirrors with Phoenix, bow knots and greek key motifs.
Italian Neoclassical Period Walnut and Inlaid Cent...
Antique 1830s Italian Neoclassical Center Tables
The circular top having a beautifully inlaid large center medallion with an outer gap-banded detail, the apron very unique in its geometric pattern raised on a turned columnar support w...
Italian Porcelain Vase, Doccia, circa 1810
Antique 1810s Italian Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
Italian Porcelain Vase, Doccia, circa 1810
Italian, Lombardia, Carved Giltwood Console Table ...
Antique Late 18th Century Italian Louis XVI Console Tables
Giltwood
The rectangular marble-top above a conforming giltwood console table with precise carvings and tapering fluted legs, raised on small ball feet.
Fine English Urn-Form Vase by Wedgwood & Bentley
Wedgwood & Bentley
Antique 18th Century and Earlier English Vases and Vessels
This fine and rare English George III period was made in Wedgwood & Bentley Etruria manufactory. The classically inspired urn-form vase has a blue green variegated glaze in imitation of...
Pair of 18th/19th C. Neoclassical Carved Giltwood ...
Antique 19th Century Italian Wall Lights and Sconces
Wood
Pair of exquisite Neoclassical carved giltwood sconces, each having draped female figure with wings holding torch in each arm and one on her head, serving as the three candlearms, exte...
Brass Figural Solar Lamp with Maiden-Form Standard...
Cornelius & Co.
American Neoclassical Table Lamps
Brass, Glass
With a cut and etched glass tulip shade Cornelius & Co. Labeled: Cornelius & Co./ Philad/ Patent/ April 16th, 1843 Philadelphia, circa 1843 H: 31"
19th Century Swedish Gustavian Klismos Chair
D.Larsson Interior & Antikhandel AB
19th Century Swedish Gustavian Klismos Chair
Ephraim Stahl
Antique Early 19th Century Swedish Gustavian Side Chairs
Wood
Swedish 19th century Gustavian Klismos chair. Attributed to Stockholm Master Ephraim Stahl. Supplier to the Royal Court and one of the most sophisticated and inventive makers of his...
Pair of Gilt and Patinated Bronze Covered Vases, F...
Antique 1830s French Vases and Vessels
Pair of gilt and patinated bronze covered vases, French, circa 1830.
19th c Russian blue crystal centerpiece
Antique 19th Century Russian Centerpieces
Cut Glass, Bronze
19th c Russian Blue cut crystal and bronze dore centerpiece
Erotic Aquatint by Sir William Hamilton
Sir William Hamilton
Antique 18th Century and Earlier British Prints
Sir William Hamilton  Scottish (1731-1803). Erastes scene. From Collection of Etruscan, Greek and Roman Antiquities from the Cabinet of the Honorable William Hamilton Naples, 1...
Rare English Porcelain Pistol-Handled Flight and B...
Antique Early 19th Century English Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
Rare English Porcelain Pistol-Handled Flight And Barr Covered Vase, circa 1800 Decorated on both sides with a floral bouquet. One one a aqua-blue ground (daytime) and on the other si...
Louis XVI Period Console Table with Marble Top, Fr...
French Console Tables
Wood
A Louis XVI Period Painted & Parcel-gilt Console Table in the Neoclassical taste, mounted with a Marble top. The break-front outline adorned with ribbon & rose garland motifs, and mount...
Mirror Gustavian Neoclassical Sweden
Laserow Antiques
Mirror Gustavian Neoclassical Sweden
Antique 19th Century Swedish Neoclassical Pier Mirrors and Console Mirrors
Wood
A mirror in gilt wood made during the Gustavian period 1775-1810 in Sweden. Stunning carvings with laurel swags and pearl beading. Gilded frame. Original 2/3 mirror glass.
English Porcelain Vase, Chamberlain Worcester, cir...
Chamberlain Worcester Porcelain
Antique Early 19th Century English Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
English Porcelain Vase, Chamberlain Worcester, Circa 1820
Carved Mahogany Grecian Sofa
Carswell Rush Berlin, Inc.
Carved Mahogany Grecian Sofa
Duncan Phyfe
Antique 1810s American American Classical Sofas
Mahogany
In the manner of Duncan Phyfe (1770-1854), New York, circa 1815. The scrolled crest rail with a central panel with relief-carved intertwined cornucopia issuing fruit and wheat, flan...
Early 19th Century Swedish Secretary
Skelton - St John
Early 19th Century Swedish Secretary
Antique 19th Century Swedish Secretaires
Wood
Painted secretaire with drop-front revealing 16 small compartments and three lower drawers, circa 1820. Secretary features original paint (some restoration), old pulls and builder’s sig...
17th Century Flemish Tapestry after Peter Paul Rubens
Legacy Antiques
17th Century Flemish Tapestry after Peter Paul Rub...
Antique 17th Century Belgian Tapestries
Tapestry
Magnificent Flemish tapestry after the renown painting of Peter Paul Ruben's "Decius Mus preparing for Death," 1616/1617. Upon hearing his fate pronounced by the High Priest of Rome, De...
English Silver Gilt and Engraved Greek-Form Vase
Antique 1860s English Vases and Vessels
London, 1869, Maker: S Smith.
Pair of Louis XVI Fauteuils
William R. Eubanks Interior Design, Inc.
Pair of Louis XVI Fauteuils
Antique 18th Century French Armchairs
Exquisite pair of late 18th century, Louis XVI original fine silk Aubusson upholstered fauteuils with original carved and painted finishes, richly decorated with colorful floral and lau...
Carved and Gilt-Decorated Rosewood Octagonal Drum ...
Thomas Cook, Richard Parkin
Antique 1820s American American Classical Center Tables
Paint, Rosewood
Published: Carswell Rush Berlin, "'A Shadow of a Magnitude: "The Furniture of Thomas Cook and Richard Parkin," American Furniture (Hanover: Chipstone Foundation, 2013), 156-195. John...
Wedgwood Black and Gilt Basalt Covered Potpourri V...
Antique 1870s English Neoclassical Vases and Vessels
A wedgwood black and gilt basalt covered Potpourri vase, circa 1870.
Very Fine Brass-Inlaid Gilt Bronze-Mounted Games T...
Duncan Phyfe
Antique 1810s American American Classical Card Tables and Tea Tables
Brass, Bronze, Rosewood, Satinwood
Important classical bronze-mounted rosewood games table with brass, ebony and satinwood inlay  and carved giltwood dolphin feet attributed To Duncan Phyfe (1770-1854), New York, 181...
French Louis XVI Secretaire Signed by "Jean-Baptis...
Jean-Baptiste Vassou
Antique Late 18th Century French Louis XVI Secretaires
Bronze, Leather, Marble, Oak, Ormolu, Satinwood, Tulipwood
Magnificently detailed important French Louis XVI secretaire a abattant. Signed by Jean - Baptiste Vassou (1.28.1767 master in Paris as shown on pg. 302 F DE SALVERTE "Les Ebenistes du ...
Wedgwood Rosso-Antico Vase, circa 1790
Wedgwood
Vases and Vessels
Ceramic
Wedgwood Rosso-Antico Vase, Circa 1790
Italian Red Grain Painted and Gilt Decorated Tall ...
Antique Late 18th Century Italian Neoclassical Clocks
Wood, Metal, Paint
This clock stands tall with original red grained paint and decorative gilt details. The works are early 18th century English with calendar movement. The works are signed "Tanpium." The ...
RUSSIAN CLASSICAL GILT BRONZE AND PAINTED TAZZA
Antique 19th Century Russian Sculptures
Ormolu, Paint, Bronze
Russian Gilt and painted bronze and painted classical three column based tazza with engine turned collars and base to the bowl as well as delicate vines running up the columns
An Austrian Neoclassic Parcel-gilt Mahogany Bookca...
Antique 19th Century Austrian Bookcases
Mahogany
An Neoclassic Empire mahogany bookcase with parcel-gilt.
Superb Louis XVI Commode, Stamped "J. Manser", Fra...
Jacques Manser
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Commodes and Chests of Drawers
Fruitwood, Purpleheart, Rosewood, Bronze, Marble, Tulipwood
A very fine Louis XVI period Commode, with intricate inlaid designs of exotic wood, and stamped inside one upper drawer "J MANSER" & "JME". French in origin, and dating from the third q...
Federal Serpentine Inlaid Mahogany Bureau, circa 1...
Antique Early 1800s American Neoclassical Commodes and Chests of Drawers
Mahogany
New York, circa 1800. The oblong top with exaggerated serpentine front edge and string edging above a conforming case with inlaid light-wood stringing at every edge, having four grad...
Louis XVI design Fautueil constructed in Walnut, I...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Italian Armchairs
A fine Louis XVI period Fauteuil, with Neoclassical carved designs throughout the exposed Walnut frame. Dating from the fourth quarter of the 1700s, and Italian in origin. The oval ...
18th Century Breccia Marble Column Pedestal
O'Sullivan Antiques
18th Century Breccia Marble Column Pedestal
Unknown
Pedestals and Columns
Breccia Marble
18th Century Breccia Marble Column Pedestal. With a white marble capital above an entastic column, resting on a square pedestal with a cavetto edge.
Great head of god Zeus in Terracotta. Eighteenth C...
Antique Late 18th Century French Sculptures
Bronze, Terracotta
Great head of god Zeus in Terracotta, mounted in patinated bronze base. Probably part of large statue. Eighteenth Century
Important Giltwood Convex Girandole Mirror
Antique 1820s American Regency Convex Mirrors
Pine
Surmounted with an Eagle and Anthemeon. American or English, circa 1825. A carved eagle with spread wings on a tapering platform above scrolled foliage and a pierced anthemion above...
Hepplewhite Bowfront Mahogany Sideboard with Brass...
Antique Early 19th Century English Hepplewhite Sideboards
Brass, Mahogany
Hepplewhite Bowfront Mahogany Sideboard with Brass Gallery. Three crossbanded drawers above an oval-paneled cabinet on each side, and a fitted interior.
A Fine Italian Neoclassic Giltwood 6 Arm Chandelie...
Antique 19th Century Italian Chandeliers and Pendants
Giltwood
finely carved wood with beautiful water gilding