Neoclassical

Neoclassical Furniture

Europe, America (mid-18th c. - mid-19th c.)

Neoclassical design emerged in Europe in the 1750s, as the Age of Enlightenment reached full flower. Furniture took its cues from the styles of ancient Rome and Athens: symmetrical, ordered, dignified forms with such details as tapered and fluted chair and table legs, backrest finials and scrolled arms. Over a period of some 20 years, first in France and later in Britain, Neoclassical design — also known as Louis XVI, or Louis Seize — would supersede the lithe and curvaceous Rococo or Louis XV style.

     The first half of the 18th century had seen a rebirth of interest in classical antiquity. The "Grand Tour" of Europe, codified as a part of the proper education of a patrician gentleman, included an extended visit to Rome. Some ventured further, to sketch the ruins of ancient Greece. These drawings and others — particularly those derived from the surprising and rich archaeological discoveries in the 1730s and ’40s at the sites of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum — caused great excitement among intellectuals and aesthetes alike.

     Neoclassical furniture is meant to reflect both grace and power. The overall appearance of Neoclassical chairs, tables and cabinetry is strong and rectilinear. These pieces are, in effect, classical architecture in miniature: chair and tables legs are shaped like columns; cabinets are constructed with elements that mirror friezes and pediments.

     Yet Neoclassicism is enlivened by gilt and silver leaf, marquetry, and carved and applied ornamental motifs based on Greek and Roman sculpture: acanthus leaves, garlands, laurel wreathes, sheaves of arrow, medallions, and chair splats are carved in the shapes of lyres and urns. As you can see from the furniture shown on these pages, there is a bit of whimsy in such stately pieces — a touch of lightness that will always keep Neoclassicism fresh.

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Classical Bookcase on Stand, Baltimore, Maryland
Stanley Weiss Collection
Classical Bookcase on Stand, Baltimore, Maryland
Anthony H. Jenkins
Antique 19th Century American Bookcases
Mahogany
This bookcase on stand is highly distinctive and relates to a school of cabinetry in Baltimore attributed to Anthony H. Jenkins. The notable element is the pair of magnificently carved ...
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Pair of Antique Coalport Porcelain Ice Pails with ...
Coalport Porcelain
Antique Early 19th Century English Neoclassical Soup Tureens
Porcelain
A pair of outstanding Coalport yellow and white gilded ice pails with scrolled finger grip handles, the finial is in the form of two twigs meeting at a point. Yellow was a rare color ...
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Italian Porcelain Vase, Doccia, circa 1810
Antique 1810s Italian Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
Italian Porcelain Vase, Doccia, circa 1810
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18th Century Carved Giltwood Pier Mirror
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Dutch Pier Mirrors and Console Mirrors
Giltwood
A finely carved giltwood pier mirror with urn top finial flanked by floral elements and leaf carved valences. The frame with rosette corners and beaded molding surrounds a rectangular p...
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Pair of Gilt and Patinated Bronze Covered Vases, F...
Antique 1830s French Vases and Vessels
Pair of Gilt and Patinated Bronze Covered Vases, French, circa 1830
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Set of Four Carved Classical Side Chairs, New York...
Antique 19th Century American American Classical Dining Room Chairs
These chairs are of the type known as "side chairs," which fit nicely for example alongside either a chest or a card table in a hallway. Also, these may be considered "boudoir chairs" f...
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Inlaid Mahogany Hepplewhite, George III Demilune S...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier English Demi-lune Tables
Rosewood, Satinwood, Mahogany
This is an English form rarely seen in America which is used as a side table, and can also be used as a server. This is a beautifully detailed piece with highly figured mahogany banded ...
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Breakfront Bookcase "Library Bookcase with Wings"
Hirschl & Adler Galleries
Breakfront Bookcase "Library Bookcase with Wings"
Unknown
Antique 19th Century American Bookcases
Glass, Mahogany, Pine, Wood, Brass, Composition, Poplar, Steel
Breakfront bookcase, New York, circa 1815-1820.
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Marble Bust of Man
Antonio's Bella Casa
Marble Bust of Man
Antique 19th Century English Sculptures
Marble
Large bust of a man in draped robes with clasp.
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Rare English Porcelain Pistol-Handled Flight and B...
Antique Early 19th Century English Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
Rare English Porcelain Pistol-Handled Flight And Barr Covered Vase, circa 1800 Decorated on both sides with a floral bouquet. One one a aqua-blue ground (daytime) and on the other si...
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Pair of Italian Neo Classic Mirrors
George N Antiques
Pair of Italian Neo Classic Mirrors
Antique 19th Century Italian Pier Mirrors and Console Mirrors
Pair of Large Italian Neo Classic carved gilt wood pier mirrors with Phoenix, bow knots and greek key motifs.
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Antique Regency Welsh Slate Fireplace Mantel
Jamb Ltd.
Antique Regency Welsh Slate Fireplace Mantel
Antique 19th Century English Fireplaces and Mantels
An unusual 19th century Welsh slate Regency “Greek-Revival” chimneypiece. The frieze and jambs are decorated with recessed Greek key motifs and the end-blocks with stiff leaf paterae, c...
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Fine English Urn-Form Vase by Wedgwood & Bentley
Wedgwood & Bentley
Antique 18th Century and Earlier English Vases and Vessels
This fine and rare English George III period was made in Wedgwood & Bentley Etruria manufactory. The classically inspired urn-form vase has a blue green variegated glaze in imitation of...
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Gustavian Candlesticks, circa 1775 -1810
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Swedish Candle Holders
Marble, Bronze
A pair of Swedish Gustavian period candlesticks. An Egyptian figure in black patinated bronze with two gilded bronze arms, above a marble cylindrical base atop a squared black marble ba...
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Pair of 18th c. white lacquered Marquises , by F.C...
Claude François
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Neoclassical Armchairs
Wood, Lacquer
A fine pair of "Marquises" (large armchairs), white lacquer, stamped By Francois- Claude Menant c.1780, France.
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A fine eighteenth century Genoese chandelier
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Italian Chandeliers and Pendants
Giltwood, Crystal
A fine eighteenth century Genoese chandelier with beaded swags emanating from crystal floral motifs from which hang oval and icicle prisms. The chandelier has three orders or tiers wit...
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St. Vladimir Custard Porcelain Cup
Gardner Porcelain Factory
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Russian Porcelain
An extremely rare Russian porcelain two-handled custard cup from the Order of St Vladimir Service, made by the Gardner Factory in 1785; the front and back each adorned with the badge an...
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Pair of 18th/19th C. Neoclassical Carved Giltwood ...
Antique 19th Century Italian Wall Lights and Sconces
Wood
Pair of exquisite Neoclassical carved giltwood sconces, each having draped female figure with wings holding torch in each arm and one on her head, serving as the three candlearms, exte...
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English Porcelain Vase, Chamberlain Worcester, cir...
Chamberlain Worcester Porcelain
Antique Early 19th Century English Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
English Porcelain Vase, Chamberlain Worcester, Circa 1820
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Wall Mirror Washed Giltwood Frame Gustavian Period...
Antique 19th Century Swedish Gustavian Pier Mirrors and Console Mirrors
Wood
A mirror in faded giltwood made in Sweden during the Gustavian period 1775-1810. Faded gilded surface. Original mirror glass.
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French Porcelain Vase, Locre, circa 1815
Antique 1810s French Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
French Porcelain Vase, Locre, circa 1815
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Early 19th Century Italian Tôle and Crystal Chand...
Antique Early 19th Century Italian Chandeliers and Pendants
Crystal, Tin, Wrought Iron
Early 19th century Italian tôle réticulé chandelier with chains of crystal beads and pendants, newly wired with five lights, extra chain and a canopy.
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19th c Russian blue crystal centerpiece
Antique 19th Century Russian Centerpieces
Cut Glass, Bronze
19th c Russian Blue cut crystal and bronze dore centerpiece
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George III Carved Pine and LImewood chimneypiece
Jamb Ltd.
George III Carved Pine and LImewood chimneypiece
Antique 18th Century and Earlier English Fireplaces and Mantels
An 18th Century George III carved pine & limewood fireplace mantel circa 1790.
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An Erotic Aquatint By Sir William Hamilton
Sir William Hamilton
Antique 18th Century and Earlier British Prints
SIR WILLIAM HAMILTON Scottish 1731-1803 Erastes Scene From Collection of Etruscan, Greek and Roman Antiquities from the Cabinet of the Honorable William Hamilton Naples, 1766-...
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A Very Fine George III Mahogany Breakfront Bookcase
Hyde Park Antiques, Ltd.
A Very Fine George III Mahogany Breakfront Bookcas...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier British Bookcases
The dentillated cornice with blind stop-fluted frieze over four glazed doors with octagonal mullions opening to adjustable shelves; the lower part fitted with a secretaire drawer simula...
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Antique Irish Oval Mirror with Sapphire and Enamel...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Irish Georgian Wall Mirrors
Cut Glass, Copper, Pine
Fine and Rare Irish oval mirror the copper frame with faceted ring-set sapphire blue glass jewels alternating with white and gilt enameled jewels centering the original silvered plate. ...
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Louis XVI Period Console Table with Marble Top, Fr...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Console Tables
Wood
A Louis XVI Period Painted & Parcel-gilt Console Table in the Neoclassical taste, mounted with a Marble top. The break-front outline adorned with ribbon & rose garland motifs, and mount...
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A Rare Grand Tour Marble Tazza Circa 1820
Antique 19th Century Italian Neoclassical Planters and Jardinieres
Siena Marble
A rare neoclassic Grand Tour carved Siena marble carved tazza resting on an acanthus leaf central support flanked by three lion monopeadia raised on marmo rosso antic base.See Thomas Ho...
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Mother And Child By Jan Adam J. Kruesman
Jan Adam J. Kruseman
Antique 19th Century Belgian Paintings
Canvas
AN OIL ON CANVAS BY THE 19TH CENTURY DUTCH NEOCLASSICAL PAINTER, JAN ADAM JANSZ.KRUESMAN(1804-1862).KRUESMAN WAS BORN IN HAARLEM AND IN 1819 MOVED TO AMSTERDAM. IN 1822, HE MOVED TO BRU...
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Set of Six Neoclassical Neapolitan Plates
A.V.D.
Antique 19th Century Italian Neoclassical Ceramics
NeoClassical from the source, Naples. Around 200 years old and with a fresh golden color that cannot be depicted here. The charming classical drawings are each different. Together they ...
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Pair of Wedgwood Figural Candlesticks of Pomona an...
Antique 19th Century English Candle Holders
Pair of Wedgwood Figural Candlesticks of Pomona and Ceres, 19th Century
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Ruins of a Vaulted Classical Interior by Pierre-An...
Pierre Antoine de Machy
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Drawings
Born into a family of Parisian craftsmen, Pierre-Antoine de Machy (or Demachy) trained under the architect, stage designer and painter, Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni, who had studied in ...
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Neale & Co Jasper Covered Sugar Bowl
Leo Kaplan Ltd.
Neale & Co Jasper Covered Sugar Bowl
Neale & Co.
Antique 18th Century and Earlier English Serving Pieces
Porcelain
A fine signed Neale & Co blue and white jasper covered sugar bowl decorated with classical figures
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Early 19th Century Swedish Secretary
Skelton - St John
Early 19th Century Swedish Secretary
Antique 19th Century Swedish Secretaires
Wood
Circa 1820 painted Secretaire with drop-front revealing 16 small compartments and 3 lower drawers. Secretary features original paint (some restoration), old pulls and builder’s signatur...
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Pair of Italian Neoclassical Painted and Parcel Gi...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Italian Armchairs
Wood
Each with an arched toprail surmounted by a foliate crest and flanked by paterae, the upholstered backrest above downswept fluted arms and the paneled bowfront apron, raised on sabre ba...
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17th Century Flemish Tapestry after Peter Paul Rubens
Legacy Antiques
17th Century Flemish Tapestry after Peter Paul Rub...
Antique 17th Century Belgian Tapestries
Tapestry
Magnificent Flemish tapestry after the renown painting of Peter Paul Ruben's "Decius Mus preparing for Death," 1616/1617. Upon hearing his fate pronounced by the High Priest of Rome, De...
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A George IV Rosewood Writing Table
Hyde Park Antiques, Ltd.
A George IV Rosewood Writing Table
Antique 19th Century British Desks
Rosewood, Leather
The richly grained rectangular leather lined top,above three frieze drawers on lapet carved ring-turned legs,ending in brass caps and castors.
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A Grand Tour Porphyry Obelisk With Sienna Marble P...
Antique 19th Century Italian Obelisks
Siena Marble, Carrara Marble, Bronze
A Grand Tour red royal porphyry obelisk, Verde antico marble, Sienna Marble paw feet
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English Silver Gilt and Engraved Greek-Form Vase
Antique 1860s English Vases and Vessels
London, 1869, Maker: S Smith
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Pair of Louis XVI Fauteuils
William R. Eubanks Interior Design, Inc.
Pair of Louis XVI Fauteuils
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Armchairs
Exquisite pair of late 18th century, Louis XVI original fine silk Aubusson upholstered fauteuils with original carved and painted finishes, richly decorated with colorful floral and lau...
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Wedgwood Black and Gilt Basalt Covered Potpourri V...
Antique 1870s English Neoclassical Vases and Vessels
A Wedgwood Black and Gilt Basalt Covered Potpourri Vase, Circa 1870
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Wedgwood Rosso-Antico Vase, circa 1790
Wedgwood
Vases and Vessels
Ceramic
Wedgwood Rosso-Antico Vase, Circa 1790
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Pair of Nymphenburg Amphora Vases, circa 1920
Paul Troost, Alfred Hagel
Mid-20th Century German Neoclassical Vases and Vessels
Porcelain
Designed by Paul Ludwig Troost (1878-1934) and Alfred Hagel (1885-1945). Illustrated in "Nymphenburger Porzellan: Sammlung Bauml", Alfred Ziffer, pg. 387.
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An Italian Neoclassical 8 Light Chandelier
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Italian Chandeliers and Pendants
The circular banded corona fitted with sprays of flowerheads and spades, variously hung with graduating beaded glass pendant swags and faceted tear drops continuing to the next pierced ...
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RUSSIAN CLASSICAL GILT BRONZE AND PAINTED TAZZA
Antique 19th Century Russian Sculptures
Ormolu, Paint, Bronze
Russian Gilt and painted bronze and painted classical three column based tazza with engine turned collars and base to the bowl as well as delicate vines running up the columns
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Louis XVI design Fautueil constructed in Walnut, I...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Italian Armchairs
A fine Louis XVI period Fauteuil, with Neoclassical carved designs throughout the exposed Walnut frame. Dating from the fourth quarter of the 1700s, and Italian in origin. The oval ...
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 18th Century Breccia Marble Column
O'Sullivan Antiques
18th Century Breccia Marble Column
Unknown
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Unknown Classical Roman Pedestals and Colu...
Breccia Marble
18th Century Breccia Marble Column
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French Louis XVI Secretaire Signed by "Jean-Baptis...
Jean-Baptiste Vassou
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Louis XVI Secretaires
Marble, Satinwood, Tulipwood, Bronze, Leather, Oak, Ormolu
Magnificently detailed important French Louis XVI secretaire a abattant. Signed by Jean - Baptiste Vassou (1.28.1767 master in Paris as shown on pg. 302 F DE SALVERTE "Les Ebenistes du ...
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Wedgwood Basalt Rum Kettle
Leo Kaplan Ltd.
Wedgwood Basalt Rum Kettle
Wedgwood
Antique Late 18th Century English Porcelain
A fine Wedgwood basalt rum kettle with cluster of grapes for finial, upper case mark
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Italian Red Grain Painted and Gilt Decorated Tall ...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier Italian Neoclassical Clocks
Metal, Paint, Wood
This clock stands tall with original red grained paint and decorative gilt details. The works are early 18th century English with calendar movement. The works are signed "Tanpium." The ...
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An Austrian Neoclassic Parcel-gilt Mahogany Bookca...
Antique 19th Century Austrian Bookcases
Mahogany
An Neoclassic Empire mahogany bookcase with parcel-gilt.
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Superb Louis XVI Commode, Stamped "J. Manser", Fra...
Jacques Manser
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Commodes and Chests of Drawers
Fruitwood, Purpleheart, Rosewood, Bronze, Marble, Tulipwood
A very fine Louis XVI period Commode, with intricate inlaid designs of exotic wood, and stamped inside one upper drawer "J MANSER" & "JME". French in origin, and dating from the third q...
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Wedwood Queen's Ware Armorial Bowl
Wedgwood
Antique 18th Century and Earlier English Pottery
A rare Wedgwood Queen's ware bowl painted with the coat of arms of the Fifth Earl of Shaftesbury, upper case mark, (one of four)
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Head of god Zeus in Terracotta. Eighteenth Century
Ramon Portuondo Wakonigg
Head of god Zeus in Terracotta. Eighteenth Century...
Antique 18th Century and Earlier French Sculptures
Bronze, Terracotta
Head of god Zeus in Terracotta, mounted in patinated bronze base. Probably part of large statue. Eighteenth Century
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Hepplewhite Bow Front Mahogany Sideboard.
O'Sullivan Antiques
Hepplewhite Bow Front Mahogany Sideboard.
Antique 19th Century English Sideboards
Brass, Mahogany
Hepplewhite Bow Front Mahogany Sideboard With Brass Plate Rail. Fitted Interior
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A Fine Italian Neoclassic Giltwood 6 Arm Chandelie...
Antique 19th Century Italian Chandeliers and Pendants
Giltwood
finely carved wood with beautiful water gilding
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Adams Blue and White Jasper Coffee Pot
Leo Kaplan Ltd.
Adams Blue and White Jasper Coffee Pot
William Adams (Potter)
English Porcelain
A rare William Adams blue and white jasper coffee pot decorated with classical figures, impressed ADAMS mark
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Pair London-decorated Coalport Ice Pails, England ...
Coalport Porcelain
Antique 19th Century English Wine Coolers
A very fine pair of Coalport porcelain Ice Pails, featuring exceptional gilt decoration & en grissaille vignettes with Neoclassical imagery. Dating from the first years of the 1800s, an...
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Italian 18th Century First Empire Period Surtout d...
Pierre-Philippe Thomire
Antique 19th Century Italian Empire Centerpieces
Alabaster, Marble, Precious Stone, Ormolu
A spectacular and highly important Italian First Empire period, circa 1810, ormolu, marble, alabaster and semi precious stone surtout de table, in the manner of Luigi Valadier (Rome 172...
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