Neoclassical Furniture

Neoclassical Furniture

Europe, America (mid-18th c. - mid-19th c.)

Neoclassical design emerged in Europe in the 1750s, as the Age of Enlightenment reached full flower. Furniture took its cues from the styles of ancient Rome and Athens: symmetrical, ordered, dignified forms with such details as tapered and fluted chair and table legs, backrest finials and scrolled arms. Over a period of some 20 years, first in France and later in Britain, Neoclassical design — also known as Louis XVI, or Louis Seize — would supersede the lithe and curvaceous Rococo or Louis XV style.

     The first half of the 18th century had seen a rebirth of interest in classical antiquity. The "Grand Tour" of Europe, codified as a part of the proper education of a patrician gentleman, included an extended visit to Rome. Some ventured further, to sketch the ruins of ancient Greece. These drawings and others — particularly those derived from the surprising and rich archaeological discoveries in the 1730s and ’40s at the sites of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum — caused great excitement among intellectuals and aesthetes alike.

     Neoclassical furniture is meant to reflect both grace and power. The overall appearance of Neoclassical chairs, tables and cabinetry is strong and rectilinear. These pieces are, in effect, classical architecture in miniature: chair and tables legs are shaped like columns; cabinets are constructed with elements that mirror friezes and pediments.

     Yet Neoclassicism is enlivened by gilt and silver leaf, marquetry, and carved and applied ornamental motifs based on Greek and Roman sculpture: acanthus leaves, garlands, laurel wreathes, sheaves of arrow, medallions, and chair splats are carved in the shapes of lyres and urns. As you can see from the furniture shown on these pages, there is a bit of whimsy in such stately pieces — a touch of lightness that will always keep Neoclassicism fresh.

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The Versailles Palace Chair
MS Rau Antiques
Breakfront Bookcase "Library Bookcase with Wings"
Hirschl & Adler Galleries
Marble Bust of Man
Antonio's Bella Casa
19th Century Marble Medici Apollo
Pietro Bazzanti Art Gallery
Pair of Italian Neo Classic Mirrors
George N Antiques
Antique Regency Welsh Slate Fireplace Mantel
Jamb Ltd.
A Very Fine George III Mahogany Breakfront Bookcase
Hyde Park Antiques, Ltd.
 18th Century Breccia Marble Column
O'Sullivan Antiques
Pair of Louis XVI Fauteuils
William R. Eubanks Interior Design, Inc.
17th Century Flemish Religious Scene Tapestry
Legacy Antiques
19th Century Marble Bust of English Noble Woman
Pietro Bazzanti Art Gallery
Wedgwood Basalt Rum Kettle
Leo Kaplan Ltd.
A George IV Rosewood Writing Table
Hyde Park Antiques, Ltd.
Clinton Howell Antiques
Large Terracotta Head of Mars, 18th Century
Ramon Portuondo Wakonigg
Hepplewhite Bow Front Mahogany Sideboard.
O'Sullivan Antiques
A Neo-classical mahogany desk, Russia Late 18th century
Geo III pair of neo classical pier tables
Gary Wright Antiques LTD
Pair Directoire Mahogany Marquises
Florian Papp Inc.
Swedish Gustavian Armchair
Laserow Antiques
Sheraton Period D-shaped Sideboard
Jayne Thompson Antiques
Ralph Wood Toby Jug
Leo Kaplan Ltd.
A Fine Directoire Mahogany and Brass Inlaid Desk
Gary Rubinstein Antiques Palm Beach
David, Jacques-Louis Prints, circa 1800
Antiques on Old Plank Road
Pair of Italian Empire Stools
George N Antiques
A Pair Of George III Mahogany Stools
Hyde Park Antiques, Ltd.
Knight On Horse Sculpture
The Fortress
Pair of 19th C Louis XVI Bergeres
Maison de Provence
William IV Walnut Circular Table
Milord Antiques
Gustavian Giltwood Mirror
Evergreen Antiques Inc.
Rare Pratt Flask
Leo Kaplan Ltd.
French Gilt-Wood Pier Table
Comer & Co.
Swedish Louis XVI Walnut Settee
Belvedere Antiques
German 19th Century Neoclassic Commode
Belvedere Antiques
Burled Walnut Empire Chair
Franya Waide Antiques & Interiors
Pair of 19th c. Louis XVI  Armchairs
A Monumental Italian Neoclassic Giltwood Wall Urn
Gary Rubinstein Antiques Palm Beach
18th Century Louis XVI Sofa
Bermingham and Co
Gustavian Floor Clock
Laserow Antiques
Gustavian Wall Clock, Sweden
Laserow Antiques
View of Classical Buildings
L'Antiquaire & The Connoisseur Inc
French Gilt Wood Barometer, c1800
N. P. Trent Antiques
Pair 18th c. Roman Consoles/Mirrors
Empire Antiques
Large Swedish Chandelier
Charles Spada Antiques