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Neoclassical Period Collection

Neoclassical Furniture (FRANCE AND UNITED KINGDOM, CA. 1750)
Neoclassical Furniture (FRANCE AND UNITED KINGDOM, CA. 1750)

Neoclassical design emerged in Europe in the 1750s, as the Age of Enlightenment reached full flower. Furniture took its cues from the styles of ancient Rome and Athens: symmetrical, ordered, dignified forms with such details as tapered and fluted chair and table legs, backrest finials and scrolled arms. Over a period of some 20 years, first in France and later in Britain, Neoclassical design — also known as Louis XVI, or Louis Seize — would supersede the lithe and curvaceous Rococo or Louis XV style.

The first half of the 18th century had seen a rebirth of interest in classical antiquity. The "Grand Tour" of Europe, codified as a part of the proper education of a patrician gentleman, included an extended visit to Rome. Some ventured further, to sketch the ruins of ancient Greece. These drawings and others — particularly those derived from the surprising and rich archaeological discoveries in the 1730s and ’40s at the sites of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum — caused great excitement among intellectuals and aesthetes alike.

Neoclassical furniture is meant to reflect both grace and power. The overall appearance of Neoclassical chairs, tables and cabinetry is strong and rectilinear. These pieces are, in effect, classical architecture in miniature: chair and table legs are shaped like columns; cabinets are constructed with elements that mirror friezes and pediments.

Yet neoclassicism is enlivened by gilt and silver leaf, marquetry, and carved and applied ornamental motifs based on Greek and Roman sculpture: acanthus leaves, garlands, laurel wreaths, sheaves of arrow, medallions and chair splats are carved in the shapes of lyres and urns. As you can see from the furniture shown on these pages, there is a bit of whimsy in such stately pieces — a touch of lightness that will always keep Neoclassicism fresh.

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Fine Directoire Mahogany and Brass Inlaid Desk
Located in Hollywood, FL
The top with pierced gallery and leather insert above a frieze drawer flanked by two drawers on square tapering legs terminating with sabots. (Side extensions measure maximum 17" W ...
Category

18th Century and Earlier French Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Brass

William IV Walnut Circular Table
Located in Montreal, QC
Important William IV period circular table. The burl walnut top extensively inlaid with intricate marquetry, resting on a circular base fitted with an upholstered footrest.
Category

19th Century English Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Rosewood, Walnut

1820s English Mahogany Partner's Desk with Greek Key Leather Top
Located in Los Angeles, CA
Early 19th-century English mahogany partner's desk. A tooled gilt Greek key pattern borders the molded black leather top, and on either side, two sets of four stacked drawers and one...
Category

19th Century English Late Victorian Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Leather, Mahogany

Pair of English Gilt and Marble Corner Consoles
Located in Charleston, SC
Pair of English gilt carved wood and marble top corner consoles with floral and fluted leg motif. Original marble tops.
Category

18th Century and Earlier English Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Louis XVI Ormolu-Mounted Tulipwood and Amaranth Bureau Plat
By Philippe Claude Montigny
Located in Boston, MA
In the style of Montigny (Philippe-Claude Montigny, mai^tre in 1770), the rectangular tooled leather-lined top surrounded with a later ormolu border, above two frieze drawers and sim...
Category

18th Century and Earlier French Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Bronze

Very Fine Painted Louis XVI Demilune Console with Marble Top
Located in Chicago, IL
A very fine painted and carved wood Louis XVI demilune console with marble top above guilloche frieze with hanging garlands supported by Tapered Fluted Feet Joined by Fluted Stretche...
Category

Late 18th Century French Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Marble

Louis XVI Period Painted Console with Marble Top, France, circa 1790
Located in Atlanta, GA
A Louis XVI Period white painted console table with carved pierced frieze and rectangular black marble top, originating in France during the late 1700s. The rectangular marble top...
Category

1790s French Louis XVI Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Wood

Table Game French Directoire 19th Century Mahogany Leather Black France
Located in New York, NY
An extraordinary game table from the Directoire period made in France. Frame made of mahogany in a beautiful cognac brown shade. Apron divided into rectangular parts of brass and bra...
Category

Early 19th Century French Directoire Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Brass

18th C ITALIAN MABLE INLAID CONSOLE TABLE
Located in Natchez, MS
18th Century Italian Console table with inlaid marble panels in the apron and in the top. This is an amazing piece!
Category

18th Century and Earlier Italian Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Wood

A Very Large George III Five Pedestal Dining Table, c1780
Located in valatie, NY
A rare and important George III five pedestal dining table c1780, with four leaves. The rounded rectangular top of superb timber with reeded edge and tilting action to each pedestal,...
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Late 18th Century English George III Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Mahogany

English Mahogany and Satinwood Sheraton Tambour Desk. Circa 1815
Located in Charleston, SC
English mahogany Sheraton tambour desk with fitted interior Satinwood drawers, original brass pulls, and pigeon holes. Desk has a sliding tilt baize writing surface over two lower dr...
Category

1810s English George III Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Brass

Mahogany Console
Located in New York, NY
Long mahogany console table with rouge Violette Italian marble top. Features inlaid table apron with brass Greek key pattern, hidden drawer and ring-turned legs with leaf carvings.
Category

19th Century English Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Pair of Russian Gilt Figural and Ebonized Marble Top Pedestals, Circa 1790
Located in Charleston, SC
Pair of Russian Gilt figural and ebonized marble top pedestals terminating on tripod winged hoof feet. Late 18th Century
Category

1790s Russian Directoire Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Marble, Ormolu

Very Rare 18th Century Maggiolini Desk
By Giuseppe Maggiolini
Located in Montreal, QC
Very rare 18th century Italian neoclassical desk attributed to the workshop of Giuseppe Maggiolini. The piece is composed of extensive inlay and marquetry of multiple rare woods over...
Category

1780s Italian Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Walnut

Pair of Italian Neoclassic Cream Painted, Parcel-Gilt Consoles
Located in Hollywood, FL
The simulated marble-top over a canted frieze decorated with carved rosettes, foliate, swag and bellflowers, painted cream with parcel gilding, on fluted cabriole legs, joined by a s...
Category

Late 18th Century Italian Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Paint

Venetian Neoclassical late 18th century Painted Console Table
Located in Troy, NY
Exquisite painted Venetian console table in the typical neoclassical taste. For a similar example see: G. Morazzoni, "Il Mobile Veneziano del settecento" Tav. CXCI.
Category

Late 18th Century Italian Neoclassical Antique Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Wood

Superb French Neoclassical Console
Located in Dallas, TX
Fine French Neoclassical parcel-gilt console with black granite top and stretcher. Having excellent carved and gilt rams heads, lovely guilloche pattern across apron, and gracefully ...
Category

1940s French Neoclassical Vintage Neoclassical Period Collection

Materials

Granite

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