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Important Ancient China Jade Bi Disc, Han Dynasty 206 BC- 220 AD, #2

About

Rare jade Bi #2 This is an authentic Chinese ancient jade bi disc from the Han dynasty (220 BC-220AD). This comes from our private ancient Chinese jade collection which was formed from, 1990-2005. Dimensions: the bi disc is 7.8 inches diameter and .22 inches thick. We will include a custom display stand which displays it nicely. Jades from this period are handmade, engraved using metal tools which were available at that time, and then hand polished. This type of polished jade was created for important wealthy individuals including royalty. The engraved design includes cross hatching, yak, steer or bison horns, and tao tie mask representations common for that day. We guarantee its authenticity. Our jade bi has also been authenticated by Mr. Gu Fang, Senior Fellow at the Centre of Jadeology and Jade Culture in Beijing., History: Flat jade discs with a round central hole bi are among the earliest surviving artifacts of China and must be considered among great ancient art forms, masterpieces of the Neolithic period. Nephrite jade from which discs were fashioned is a prime hard and strong stone, arduous to work by hand using Primitive stone tools and abrasives. It's no wonder then that jade discs "bi" represent remarkable craftsmanship. While all theories presented to date are speculative, we can forward one based upon the warring states text Zhou Li that bi are thought to represent symbols of heaven and were used in ancient rituals together with square tubes cong symbolizing the earth. To worship heaven with a bi explains their importance and use. Bi also symbolize status of high social rank and sheds light on why many carved jades have been found in Zhou royal tombs. They are prominently found in varied qualities, quantities and sizes. Their ritual prominence stretches from the most ancient of Chinese history- Hongshan/Liangzhou/Longshan (4700-2190 BCE)/ Qi Jia cultures and on to the Zhou dynasty (3000-250 BCE) onwards. Today jade bi are emblematic of power, status and privileged classes and offer more complex, varied meaning. Please refer to these excellent publications: Jessica Rawson, Chinese Jade from the Neolithic to the Qing, exhibition catalogue The British Museum, London, 1995, pp 13ff, and Section 4. And also Radiant Stones- Archaic Chinese Jades, the Myrna and Samurai Myers collection 2000 curated by Filippo Salviati, PhD, entry 14, Bi disc.  

Details

  • Of the Period
  • Place of Origin
  • Date of Manufacture
    220 BCE-220 AD
  • Wear
    Wear consistent with age and use.
  • Dimensions
    H 7.8 in. x W 7.8 in. x D .22 in.H 19.82 cm x W 19.82 cm x D 5.59 mm
  • Seller Location
    Shelburne, VT
  • Reference Number
    LU128929443583
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About the Seller

4.9 / 5
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1stdibs seller since 2015
Located in Shelburne, VT
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