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Important Ancient Chinese Heavenly Jade Bi Disc with Rich Green Color For Sale
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Important Ancient Chinese Heavenly Jade Bi Disc with Rich Green Color

About

This is an authentic Chinese ancient jade bi disc from the Qi Jia Culture, Northwestern China, 3,000-2,000 BCE. This comes from our private collection. Dimensions: the bi disc is 6.25 inches diameter and with stand it is 8 inches high Neolithic jades from this period are handmade and hand abraded and hand polished using primitive tools of the time: bamboo, stone, water and stone dust This example is rare because of the beautiful rich green colors and pattern caused from calcification which took thousands of years to form, and because of original string cutting line on the jade is visible on its reverse side. Natural organic string made from vegetation combined with sand paste and water were the tools used to abrade and cut hard jade stone. In addition this bi displays a beautiful cloud pattern calcium mineralization from being buried underground for thousands of years. Provenance: Our private collection and accompanied by our Lifetime Guarantee of Authenticity. In addition, our jade bi have been authenticated by Mr. Gu Fang, Senior Fellow at the Center of Jadeology and Jade Culture in Beijing, (see photo of Mr. Gu Fang with Mr. Schneible) This is a genuine ancient artifact and not a reproduction. History: Flat jade discs with a round central hole "bi" are among the earliest surviving artifacts of China and must be considered among great ancient art forms- masterpieces of the Neolithic period. Nephrite jade from which discs were fashioned is a prime hard and strong stone, arduous to work by hand using Primitive stone tools and abrasives. It's no wonder then that jade discs bi represent remarkable craftsmanship. While all theories presented to date are speculative, we can forward one based upon the warring states text Zhou Li that bi are thought to represent symbols of heaven and were used in ancient rituals together with square tubes Cong symbolizing the earth. To worship heaven with a bi explains their importance and use. Bi also symbolize status of high social rank and sheds light on why many carved jades have been found in Zhou royal tombs. They are prominently found in varied qualities, quantities and sizes. Their ritual prominence stretches from the most ancient of Chinese history- Hongshan/Liangzhou/Longshan (4700-2190 BCE)/ Qi Jia cultures and on to the Zhou dynasty (3000-250 BCE) onwards. Today jade bi are emblematic of power, status and privileged classes and offer more complex, varied meaning. Please refer to these excellent publications: Jessica Rawson, Chinese Jade from the Neolithic to the Qing, exhibition catalogue The British Museum, London, 1995, pp 13ff, and Section 4. And also Radiant Stones Archaic Chinese Jades, the Myrna and Samurai Myers collection, 2000 curated by Filippo Salviati, PhD, entry 14, Bi Disc.   

Details

  • Place of Origin
  • Date of Manufacture
    15th Century and Earlier
  • Seller Location
    Shelburne, VT
  • Reference Number
    LU1289217446512
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About the Seller

5 / 5
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1stdibs seller since 2015
Typical response time: 1 hour
Located in Shelburne, VT
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