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Early 'PH Artichoke' Pendant for Louis Poulsen in Stainless Steel

$11,700

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Poul Henningsen for Louis Poulsen, 'PH-Artichoke' pendant with stainless steel shades, stainless steel Denmark, design 1957, production 1970s. The Artichoke pendant is an all time eyecatcher in the lighting design. This iconic pendant, designed by Poul Henningsen, has brushed steel shades in twelve layers. The principle is twelve railings staggered from each other. The light partition is warm and effective. The artichoke by Poul Henningsen was designed in 1957 for the Langelinie Pavilion in Copenhagen, which was executed in copper. The steel version was manufactured from the mid-1970s, while the white Artichoke was introduced in the early 1980s. The artichoke must have been developed extremely quickly as only very rough sketches exist. But this can be deceptive as it can be traced back to a lot of Henningsen's earlier work. The first PH lamp was the result of Poul Henningsen's ten year attempts at to shade and control electrical lightning. Henningsen noticed several problems with the new electrical light economic, hygienic and aesthetic. Henningsen was also very invested in glare, the colour of the light and shadow and believed that it was necessary to estimate distance and to perceive the shape of an object. He had also observed his mother's pronounced vanity about her wrinkles and complexion which looked their best in the reddish half-shade of the evening. After years of experimentation he came to the complex use of different shades on top of one another. Literature: - Jørsten, Tina and Poul Erik Munk Nielsen. Light Years Ahead. The Story of the PH Lamp. Copenhagen: 2000, p. 276 - 278. VAT within the EU: When buying or delivering an item within the EU, VAT usually applies and will be added.

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    Ships From: Waalwijk, Netherlands
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About Poul Henningsen (Designer)

The name Poul Henningsen is synonymous with the best and most innovative modern Scandinavian lighting. The Danish designer created a signature vocabulary of fixtures with tiered and layered shades in sculptural arrangements that are at once naturalistic and geometric. 


Henningsen grew up in a town on the outskirts of Copenhagen and studied architecture at the Technical University of Denmark. He would become a noted art critic, journalist and screenwriter, but his first love was lighting design. Henningsen’s childhood home was illuminated by oil lamps. When his family switched to electrified lighting, he was alarmed and repelled by the harsh glare cast by an incandescent bulb, and in his late teens he began conducting quasi-scientific experiments to measure which materials and methods best diffused or reflected light to give it a warm brightness. His work came to the attention of the lighting-fixtures firm Louis Poulsen, which sponsored the development of a prototype lamp. The design won a gold medal at the 1925 Paris Expositions Internationales des Arts Decóratifs et Industriels Modernes — from which the term Art Deco derives. The lamp, whose three-part shade is said to be inspired by the arrangement of a dinner plate atop a soup bowl atop a teacup, became the basis for Henningsen’s most successful design, the PH 4/3 desk lamp.


All told, Henningsen would design some 100 lighting fixtures in his career. Some of his most notable creations are hanging lamps, which include the “Septima” (1929), a pendant composed of seven graduated frosted-glass layers; the “Spiral” (1942), made of a single ribbon of enameled aluminum; and the “Artichoke” (1958), whose 70 glass or metal fins in a staggered and graduated arrangement on a central steel frame resemble those of its namesake. The last is likely Henningsen’s masterwork and an icon of mid-20th-century design. Like all Henningsen lighting designs, it is striking, sculptural and — thanks to his insistence on the primacy of the quality of the light cast — superbly functional.


About the Seller
4.8 / 5
Located in Waalwijk, Netherlands

Established in 2006, Morentz has a team of approximately 55 restorers, upholsterers, interior advisers and art historians, making it a gallery, workshop and upholstery studio, all in one. Every day, a carefully selected array of 20th-century furniture arrives from all over the world at the firm’s warehouse, where the team thoroughly e...

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