Rare S.C.A.L Daybed by Jean Prouve with Swivel Shelf, Charlotte Perriand, 1950s

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A rare S.C.A.L. daybed by Jean Prouve in oak and enameled steel, with swivel shelf by Charlotte Perriand. New tufted linen upholstery on mattress. Model 452, manufactured by Ateliers Prouve, France, early 1950s.
Details
Creator
Jean Prouvé (Designer)
Of the Period
Mid-Century Modern
Place of Origin
France
Date of Manufacture
1950s
Period
1950-1959
Materials and Techniques
Enameled   Steel
Oak
Linen
Condition
Excellent
Wear
Wear consistent with age and use
Dimensions
18.5 in. H x 36 in. W x 78 in. D
47 cm H x 91 cm W x 198 cm D
Seat Height
17.5 in. (44 cm)
Dealer Location
Santa Fe, NM
Number of Items
1
Reference Number
LU215936940053

About Jean Prouvé (Designer)

Engineer and metalsmith, self-taught designer and architect, manufacturer and teacher, Jean Prouvé was a key force in the evolution of 20th-century French design, introducing a style that combined economy of means and stylistic chic. Along with his frequent client and collaborator Le Corbusier and others, Prouvé, using his practical skills and his understanding of industrial materials, steered French modernism onto a path that fostered principled, democratic approaches to architecture and design.

     Prouvé was born in Nancy, a city with a deep association with the decorative arts. (It is home, for example, to the famed Daum crystal manufactory.) His father, Victor Prouvé, was a ceramist and a friend and co-worker of such stars of the Art Nouveau era as glass artist Émile Gallé and furniture maker Louis Majorelle. Jean Prouvé apprenticed to a blacksmith, studied engineering, and produced ironwork for such greats of French modernism as the architect Robert Mallet-Stevens. In 1931, he opened the firm Atelier Prouvé. There, he perfected techniques in folded metal that resulted in his “Standard” chair (1934) and other designs aimed at institutions such as schools and hospitals.

     During World War II, Prouvé was a member of the French Resistance, and his first post-war efforts were devoted to designing metal pre-fab housing for those left homeless by the conflict. In the 1950s, Prouvé would unite with Charlotte Perriand and Pierre Jeanneret (Le Corbusier’s cousin) on numerous design projects. In 1952, he and Perriand and artist Sonia Delaunay created pieces for the Cité Internationale Universitaire foundation in Paris, which included the colorful, segmented bookshelves that are likely Prouvé’s and Perriand’s best-known designs. The pair also collaborated on 1954’s “Antony” line of furniture, which again, like the works on these pages, demonstrated a facility for combining material strength with lightness of form.

     Prouvé spent his latter decades mostly as a teacher. His work has recently won new appreciation: in 2008 the hotelier Andre Balazs purchased at auction (hammer price: just under $5 million) the Maison Tropicale, a 1951 architectural prototype house that could be shipped flat-packed, and was meant for use by Air France employees in the Congo. Other current Prouvé collectors include Brad Pitt, Larry Gagosian, Martha Stewart, and the fashion designer Marc Jacobs. The rediscovery of Jean Prouvé — given not only the aesthetic and practical power of his designs, but also the social conscience his work represents — marks one of the signal “good” aspects of collecting vintage 20th century design. An appreciation of Jean Prouvé is an appreciation of human decency.

Address
Hunt Modern
428 Sandoval Street
Suite 104
Santa Fe NM 87501
US
(505) 412-4341
1stdibs Dealer since 2016 Located in Santa Fe, NM
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