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Shell Chair
Iconic Designs

Shell Chair

About the Design

Also known as the “smiling chair,” the Three-Legged Shell chair — now merely called the Shell — is an example of Hans J. Wegner’s rare forays into plywood. The pioneering Danish furniture maker, whose works of Scandinavian modernism are among the most celebrated designs in the world, much preferred solid wood, a material with which he had extensive experience. 

Wegner (1914–2007) was the son of a cobbler and apprenticed to a cabinetmaker for much of his youth. He went on to study at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts (then the Danish School of Arts and Crafts) and then worked as a designer for Erik Møller and Arne Jacobsen in the 1940s before opening his own studio. Chairs became Wegner’s specialty, and over the years he designed over 500 of them. More than 100 of his designs, such as the Wishbone chair and the Papa Bear chair, went into production.

In terms of both process and aesthetics, the Shell chair was ahead of its time when it was introduced in 1963. The expressive seat and back are made out of form-pressed oak or walnut laminates and topped with upholstered cushions for maximum comfort. Wegner made scale models to test various leg configurations and eventually landed on the tapered three-leg structure that gives the chair a feeling of lightness. Nevertheless, the structure is very stable, featuring two front legs made of one continuous piece and a separate hind leg that supports the backrest.

Often described as being “wing-like,” the chair’s radical fluid lines were considered a bit too futuristic when the chair was first introduced during the 1963 Furniture Guild Exhibition in Copenhagen. Initially, mixed reviews from critics as well as the general public along with production difficulties resulted in a very limited early run. Twelve new models were produced for a retrospective exhibition celebrating Wegner’s 77th birthday in 1989, and the design began garnering renewed attention — a photograph of the chair was even selected to grace the cover of the exhibition catalog.

In 1998, nearly a decade following the piece’s reemergence at the retrospective event, Carl Hansen & Søn reintroduced the Shell chair 35 years after it was first released and it has felt relevant ever since. Sculptural and sleek — and “beautiful from all sides and angles,” as Wegner intended for his seating — the Shell chair makes an immediate statement in any interior.

Shell Chair

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Hans Wegner Shell Sofa Model 1935 Produced by Fritz Hansen in Denmark
By Hans J. Wegner
Located in Malmo, SE
Rare shell sofa model 1935 designed by Hans Wegner. Produced by Fritz Hansen in Denmark.
Category

Vintage 1950s Danish Scandinavian Modern Sofas

Materials

Fabric, Beech, Teak

Hans Wegner Shell Easy Chair Model 1936 Produced by Fritz Hansen in Denmark
By Hans J. Wegner
Located in Malmo, SE
Category

Vintage 1950s Danish Scandinavian Modern

Materials

Fabric, Beech, Teak

CH07 Shell Chair in Oak White Oil with Foam Seat by Hans J. Wegner
By Hans J. Wegner, Carl Hansen & Søn
Located in New York, NY
When Hans J. Wegner unveiled the design of the CH07 Shell chair in 1963, many critics loved the avant-garde look, but the general public was reluctant to accept its distinctive expre...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Danish Modern Chairs

Materials

Fabric, Wood

CH07 Shell Chair in Oak White Oil with Leather Seat by Hans J. Wegner
By Hans J. Wegner, Carl Hansen & Søn
Located in New York, NY
When Hans J. Wegner unveiled the design of the CH07 Shell chair in 1963, many critics loved the avant-garde look, but the general public was reluctant to accept its distinctive expre...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Danish Modern Chairs

Materials

Leather, Wood

CH07 Shell Chair in Oak White Oil with Foam Seat by Hans J. Wegner
By Hans J. Wegner, Carl Hansen & Søn
Located in New York, NY
When Hans J. Wegner unveiled the design of the CH07 shell chair in 1963, many critics loved the avant-garde look, but the general public was reluctant to accept its distinctive expre...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Danish Modern Chairs

Materials

Fabric, Wood

CH07 Shell Chair in Oiled Oak with Foam Seat by Hans J. Wegner
By Carl Hansen & Søn, Hans J. Wegner
Located in New York, NY
When Hans J. Wegner unveiled the design of the CH07 shell chair in 1963, many critics loved the avant-garde look, but the general public was reluctant to accept its distinctive expre...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Danish Modern Chairs

Materials

Fabric, Wood

CH07 Shell Chair in Oiled Oak with Foam Seat by Hans J. Wegner
By Hans J. Wegner, Carl Hansen & Søn
Located in New York, NY
When Hans J. Wegner unveiled the design of the CH07 Shell chair in 1963, many critics loved the avant-garde look, but the general public was reluctant to accept its distinctive expre...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Danish Modern Chairs

Materials

Wood, Leather

CH07 Shell Chair in Oak Painted Black with Foam Seat by Hans J. Wegner
By Hans J. Wegner, Carl Hansen & Søn
Located in New York, NY
When Hans J. Wegner unveiled the design of the CH07 Shell chair in 1963, many critics loved the Avant Garde look, but the general public was reluctant to accept its distinctive expre...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Danish Modern Chairs

Materials

Wood, Leather

CH07 Shell Chair in Walnut Oil with Leather Seat by Hans J. Wegner
By Carl Hansen & Søn, Hans J. Wegner
Located in New York, NY
When Hans J. Wegner unveiled the design of the CH07 Shell chair in 1963, many critics loved the Avant Garde look, but the general public was reluctant to accept its distinctive expre...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Danish Modern Chairs

Materials

Wood, Leather

CH07 Shell Chair in Walnut Oil with Upholstered Seat by Hans J. Wegner
By Carl Hansen & Søn, Hans J. Wegner
Located in New York, NY
When Hans J. Wegner unveiled the design of the CH07 shell chair in 1963, many critics loved the avant-garde look, but the general public was reluctant to accept its distinctive expre...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Danish Modern Chairs

Materials

Wood, Canvas

CH07 Shell Chair in Oak Painted Black with Foam Seat by Hans J. Wegner
By Hans J. Wegner, Carl Hansen & Søn
Located in New York, NY
When Hans J. Wegner unveiled the design of the CH07 shell chair in 1963, many critics loved the avant-garde look, but the general public was reluctant to accept its distinctive expre...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Danish Modern Chairs

Materials

Fabric, Wood

Hans Wegner, Pair of Shell Lounge Chairs
By Hans J. Wegner
Located in San Francisco, CA
Hans Wegner shell lounge chairs. Features an oversized, laminated teak back and a maple frame with tapered legs. Retains original label.
Category

Vintage 1940s Danish Scandinavian Modern Chairs

Materials

Maple, Teak

Shell Chairs FH-1936 Designed by Hans Wegner for Fritz Hansen, Denmark, 1948
By Hans J. Wegner
Located in Stockholm, SE
Walnut veneered plywood and beech legs. Measures: H 70 cm/ 27 1/2" W 70 cm/ 27 1/2" D 64 cm/ 25 1/4" Literature: Johan Möller Nielsen, Wegner en danskmöbelkunstner, Gyldenda...
Category

Vintage 1940s Danish Scandinavian Modern Chairs

Materials

Beech, Plywood, Walnut

Hans Wegner Shell Settee
By Hans J. Wegner
Located in San Francisco, CA
A settee by Hans Wegner and made by Fritz Hansen. Features a laminated teak back with a seat and frame of beech. Two matching shell chairs available, sold separately. Retains origina...
Category

Vintage 1940s Danish Scandinavian Modern Sofas

Materials

Beech, Teak

Hans Wegner Teak Shell Chair FH
By Hans J. Wegner, Fritz Hansen
Located in Berkeley, CA
Danish lounge chair designed by Hans Wegner for Fritz Hansen, Model FH-1936. Originally purchased in 1949, in Denmark. Teak shell back and seat on a beech frame. Stamped FH.
Category

Mid-20th Century Danish Scandinavian Modern Lounge Chairs

Materials

Teak

Hans Wegner "Shell" Chair Model FH-1936
By Hans J. Wegner
Located in Los Angeles, CA
Hans Wegner "Shell" chair designed in 1948 and produced by Fritz Hansen.
Category

Vintage 1950s Danish Scandinavian Modern Lounge Chairs

Materials

Beech, Teak

Shell Chair by Hans J. Wegner
By Hans J. Wegner
Located in Sagaponack, NY
A laminated orange lacquered "shell" lounge chair with upholstered seat and back.
Category

Vintage 1960s Danish Scandinavian Modern Lounge Chairs

Materials

Upholstery, Wood

Shell Chair by Hans Wegner in Walnut and Beech
By Hans J. Wegner
Located in North Hollywood, CA
Shell chair by Hans Wegner in laminated walnut seat and back and solid beech wood frame. It has the original screws on the bottom of seat to secure the seat cushion.
Category

Vintage 1950s Danish Mid-Century Modern Lounge Chairs

Materials

Beech, Walnut