Skip to main content

1 Of 1

Price
Item Location
Sort By
Very Fine 19th Century Chest of Drawers Labelled Strahan of Dublin
By Strahan of Dublin
Located in Dublin, IE
A very fine 19th century large size mahogany chest of drawers, labelled 'Strahan of Dublin'. The moulded top raised over two short graduated drawers and three long drawers, all with ...
Category

Antique 19th Century Irish Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Brass

Moorish Chest of Drawers Wood Inlay Moroccan Dresser
By Berber Tribes of Morocco
Located in North Hollywood, CA
Middle Eastern style Moroccan chest of drawer. Fabulous Moorish artwork, handcrafted wedding dresser with three drawers. Moorish Moroccan dresser with mother of pearl shell inlay in...
Category

1990s Moroccan Moorish Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mother-of-Pearl, Wood, Bone, Shell, Abalone

Lambs of Manchester Attributed, a Rare Aesthetic Movement Tall Chest of Drawers
By Lamb of Manchester
Located in London, GB
Lambs of Manchester, attributed. A rare Aesthetic Movement, unusually tall chest of drawers made from ash each drawer with stylized brass drop handles and ebonized inlaid rectangula...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century British Aesthetic Movement Commodes and Chests...

Materials

Ash

Exceptional Pair of Modern Commodes by American of Martinsville, circa 1950
By American of Martinsville
Located in Atlanta, GA
This magnificent pair of commodes is shipped as professionally photographed and described in the listing narrative: Meticulously professionally restored and completely installation r...
Category

Vintage 1950s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

American of Martinsville Sculpted Walnut Highboy
By American of Martinsville
Located in Los Angeles, CA
American of Martinsville sculpted walnut highboy.
Category

Vintage 1960s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Walnut

  • American of Martinsville Sculpted Walnut Highboy
  • American of Martinsville Sculpted Walnut Highboy
  • American of Martinsville Sculpted Walnut Highboy
  • American of Martinsville Sculpted Walnut Highboy
H 42.50 in. W 42 in. D 19.50 in.
1960’s Eon Chest of Draws by Elliot of Newbury/Mid Century Tallboy
By Elliots of Newbury
Located in London, Lambeth
A rare beautiful and very well made vintage chest of drawers, this was made by Elliots of Newbury in the 1960’s. It is made from a fantastic combination of woods, with zebrano drawer...
Category

Mid-20th Century British Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Teak

Classic Modernist Chest of Drawers or Dresser, American of Martinsville
By American of Martinsville
Located in Buffalo, NY
A Classic tall chest by Merton Gershun for his Dania collection manufactured by American of Martinsville. Features three drawers over three generous drawers with louver fronts. Brass...
Category

Mid-20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Walnut

Pair of Mahogany Bedside Cabinets in the Manner of Gillows
By Gillows of Lancaster & London
Located in London, by appointment only
A fine pair of mahogany bedside cabinets in the manner of Gillows with typical reeded tapering legs supporting bodies with a single door and veneered with flame mahogany. England, ...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century European George III Commodes and Chests of Dra...

Materials

Mahogany

Rare Restored Modern Chest by American of Martinsville
By American of Martinsville
Located in Atlanta, GA
An absolutely jaw-dropping chest from a rare series by American of Martinsville, circa 1960. Stout hardwood case construction with brass and leather accents. Fabulous detail and craf...
Category

Vintage 1960s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Hardwood

Rare Five-Drawer Mahogany Faux Bamboo Chest by American of Martinsville, 1952
By American of Martinsville
Located in Buffalo, NY
Five-drawer chest by American of Martinsville 1952 Bleached Philippine mahogany faux bamboo with five drawers. The three bottom drawer front appliques are perforated to simulate...
Category

Vintage 1950s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Faux Bamboo, Mahogany

Dramatic Restored Mahogany Commode by Albert of Shelbyville, circa 1950
By Albert of Shelbyville
Located in Atlanta, GA
This magnificent chest is shipped as professionally photographed and described in the listing narrative: Meticulously professionally restored and completely installation ready. An o...
Category

Vintage 1950s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Brass

Dramatic Restored Nine-Drawer Chest by American of Martinsville, circa 1950
By American of Martinsville
Located in Atlanta, GA
A beautiful example from a rare series by American of Martinsville, circa 1950. Stout, expertly made mahogany case construction finished in cream lacquer. Fabulous wormhole detail on...
Category

Vintage 1950s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

Mahogany George III Chest of Drawers Attributed to Henry Hill of Marlborough
By Henry Hill of Marlborough
Located in London, by appointment only
A fine George III mahogany serpentine commode, England, circa 1770. Attributed to Henry Hill, Marlbrough. The three graduated drawers retain their original gilt brass handles over...
Category

Antique 1760s English George III Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

Midcentury American of Martinsville Patchwork Olive Wood Gentlemen’s Chest
By American of Martinsville
Located in west palm beach, FL
Fantastic vintage Midcentury Gentlemen’s chest. Made by the iconic American of Martinsville. Beautiful patchwork Olive Wood give these a distinctive look. Beautiful brass hardware.
Category

Mid-20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Wood

Mid-Century Modern Matching Pair of Chests, Commodes or Large Night Stands
By American of Martinsville
Located in Philadelphia, PA
A handsome clean line pair of chests by American of Martinsville from the 1960's. They feature beautifully grained walnut with aluminum hardware. Price includes the pair.
Category

Vintage 1960s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Aluminum

American of Martinsville Mid-Century High Chest with Bras Inlay, circa 1960
By American of Martinsville
Located in Philadelphia, PA
An American of Martinsville Mid-Century walnut high chest with bras inlay, circa 1960.   
Category

Vintage 1960s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Wood

Restored American of Martinsville 6 Drawer Chest- Pair Available
By American of Martinsville
Located in Atlanta, GA
An exquisite example from a rare series by American of Martinsville, circa 1960. Stout, expertly made mahogany case construction restored in cream lacquer. Fabulous, chunky solid bra...
Category

Vintage 1960s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Brass

Rare Five-Drawer Chest by American of Martinsville
By American of Martinsville
Located in Atlanta, GA
A beautiful example from a rare series by American of Martinsville, circa 1950. Stout, expertly made mahogany case construction. Fabulous "wormhole" detail on the drawer front adds a...
Category

Vintage 1950s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

Mid-Century Modern Walnut Dresser by American of Martinsville
By American of Martinsville
Located in Brooklyn, NY
This unique two-piece vintage dresser features a rich walnut finish, louvered front cabinet and unique brass trim. This well made Mid-Century American of Martinsville storage piece f...
Category

Vintage 1970s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Walnut

American Walnut Block Front Drawers High Chest Dresser American of Martinsville
By American of Martinsville
Located in Rockaway, NJ
Very clean American walnut Mid-Century Modern vintage block front drawers dresser high chest.
Category

20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Walnut

Stellar Restored Nakashima Style American of Martinsville 6 Drawer Chest - Pair
By American of Martinsville
Located in Atlanta, GA
These magnificent commodes are shipped as professionally photographed and described in the listing narrative: Meticulously professionally restored and completely installation ready. ...
Category

Vintage 1950s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

Moorish Moroccan Chest of Drawers Inlay Dresser
By Berber Tribes of Morocco
Located in North Hollywood, CA
Moorish Moroccan Levantine inlaid chest of drawers. Fabulous Moorish artwork, handcrafted dresser with three drawers, inlay with mother of pearl. Middle Eastern Syrian style dresser ...
Category

1990s Moroccan Moorish Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Wood

Merton L. Gershun Tambour-Door Chest of Drawers by American of Martinsville
By American of Martinsville, Merton Gershun
Located in Los Angeles, CA
Merton L. Gershun tambour-door chest of drawers by American of Martinsville.  
Category

Vintage 1960s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Brass

Chest of Drawers by Craig Nealy for Glenn of California, US, 1950s
By Glenn of California, Craig Nealey
Located in Berlin, DE
Beautiful vintage chest of drawers designed by Craig Nealy for Glenn of California in the United States, circa 1950s. This handsome, tall chest design features five spacious drawers ...
Category

Mid-20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Wood

Antique Georgian Regency Chest of Drawers, circa 1800
By Gillows of Lancaster & London
Located in London, GB
An unusually wide Regency period bow-fronted chest of drawers,  English, circa 1800 Why we like it The rare, imposing proportions of this commode, together with its great colour and...
Category

Antique Early 19th Century British Regency Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Brass

Antique Chest of Drawers, Late Georgian Period, 18th Century
By Gillows of Lancaster & London
Located in London, GB
A fine George III period bow-fronted chest of drawers, attributed to Gillows of Lancaster and London. English, circa 1790. Why we like it: This remarkably well drawn design ...
Category

Antique Late 18th Century English Georgian Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Brass

Merton L. Gershun Walnut Chest of Drawers with Brass Accents
By American of Martinsville, Merton Gershun
Located in Los Angeles, CA
Merton L. Gershun walnut chest of drawers with brass accents for American of Martinsville.
Category

Vintage 1960s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Brass

George III Mahogany Tallboy in the Manner of Robert Gillow
By Gillows of Lancaster & London
Located in Lymington, Hampshire
The Prevost Tallboy Important George III mahogany tallboy in the manner of Robert Gillow, the upper section with an architectural pediment with fretwork decoration above three sh...
Category

Antique 1760s English George III Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

Vintage Walnut and Lacquered Chest of Drawers by Merton L. Gershun
By American of Martinsville, Merton Gershun
Located in Burbank, CA
Wonderful vintage walnut and lacquered chest of drawers designed by Merton L. Gershun for American of Martinsville in United States, circa 1960s. This dresser has an elegant white la...
Category

Vintage 1960s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Brass

John Kapel Chest / Nightstands for Glenn of California, circa 1970
By Glenn of California, John Kapel
Located in Costa Mesa, CA
John Kapel Pair of Three Drawer Chest or Oversized Nightstands for Glenn of California, circa 1970. This pair has been professionally restored.
Category

20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Walnut

Milo Baughman Two-Tone Lacquered Highboy for Glenn of California
By Glenn of California, Milo Baughman
Located in Los Angeles, CA
Milo Baughman two-tone lacquered highboy for Glenn of California.
Category

Vintage 1950s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Steel

Merton Gershun Bali Hi Dresser by American of Martinsville, ca. 1950’s
By American of Martinsville, Merton Gershun
Located in New York, NY
Chic and stylish 5 drawer dresser in bleached mahogany with decorative faux bamboo front. The chest features an architecturally inspired case, which surrounds the drawer fronts, crea...
Category

Mid-20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

Stanley Young for Glenn of California Mid-Century Modern Chest in Dark Espresso
By Stanley Young, Glenn of California
Located in St. Louis, MO
Mid-Century Modern Stanley young for Glenn of California four drawer chest of drawers on tapered dowel legs, walnut refinished in dark espresso with handles of aluminum and bentwood....
Category

Vintage 1950s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Aluminum

Very Rare Satinwood & Burr Walnut Victorian Wellington Chest of Drawers Bookcase
By Wellington, Gillows of Lancaster & London
Located in GB
We are delighted to offer for sale this stunning very rare Victorian satinwood and burr walnut Wellington chest of drawers with built in bookcases I have never seen a Wellington c...
Category

Antique 19th Century English Victorian Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Walnut

Kipp Stewart & Stewart MacDougall Highboy Chest for Glenn of California
By Glenn of California, Kipp Stewart & Stewart MacDougall
Located in Los Angeles, CA
Kipp Stewart & Stewart MacDougall Highboy Chest for Glenn of California.
Category

Vintage 1950s American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Wood, Walnut, Lacquer

American Walnut Block Front 6 Drawers Long Dresser Credenza Restored Mint
By American of Martinsville
Located in Rockaway, NJ
Mid-Century Modern gorgeous American walnut six drawer block front dresser.
Category

20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Walnut

Mid-Century Modern Five Drawers High Chest Dresser with Brass Accents
By American of Martinsville
Located in Rockaway, NJ
American of Martinsville Mid-Century Modern walnut high chest dresser with block front drawers and brass accents.
Category

20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Brass

Light Olive Lacquer Oriental Base Legs 3 Drawer Accent Dresser Bachelor Chest
By American of Martinsville
Located in Rockaway, NJ
Mid-Century Modern decorative olive lacquer brass drop pulls small three drawer dresser bachelor chest in fully restored condition.
Category

20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Brass

Syrian Mother of Pearl Side Cabinet
Located in London, GB
Three-drawer side cabinet made exclusively for Valerie Wade in Damascus by traditional Syrian artisans famous for this work for centuries. In the Middle East these pieces were tradit...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mother-of-Pearl, Fruitwood

  • Syrian Mother of Pearl Side Cabinet
  • Syrian Mother of Pearl Side Cabinet
  • Syrian Mother of Pearl Side Cabinet
  • Syrian Mother of Pearl Side Cabinet
H 32.68 in. W 25.2 in. D 13.78 in.
Mid Century American Walnut Gentleman's Chest Dresser w/ Two Doors Compartment
By American of Martinsville
Located in Rockaway, NJ
Mid-Century Modern American walnut two doors compartment five drawers high chest dresser cabinet.
Category

20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Walnut

Chest of Drawers in Limed Oak
By Dunleavy Bespoke
Located in Caragh, IE
"Thaw" from our Esker collection, low chest of drawers in limed oak. The surface is decoratively hand carved with an organic, ridge pattern. Drawers have a push-catch opening mecha...
Category

2010s Irish Organic Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Oak

  • Chest of Drawers in Limed Oak
  • Chest of Drawers in Limed Oak
  • Chest of Drawers in Limed Oak
  • Chest of Drawers in Limed Oak
H 31.5 in. W 47.25 in. D 19.69 in.
1830s American Empire Flame Mahogany Chest of Drawers with Mother of Pearl Pulls
Located in Miami, FL
1830s American Empire flame mahogany chest of drawers with mother of pearl Offered is a circa 1830s American Empire flame mahogany chest of drawers. The original pulls have inset ...
Category

Antique Early 19th Century American American Empire Commodes and Chests ...

Materials

Mother-of-Pearl, Mahogany

Syrian Chest With Mother of Pearl Inlay
Located in London, GB
This is a beautiful Syrian chest, extensively decorated with mother of pearl inlay, it has 5 drawers and a white marble top. Extensive detail and craftsmanship, an exceptional pi...
Category

Vintage 1960s Syrian Moorish Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mother-of-Pearl, Wood

  • Syrian Chest With Mother of Pearl Inlay
  • Syrian Chest With Mother of Pearl Inlay
  • Syrian Chest With Mother of Pearl Inlay
  • Syrian Chest With Mother of Pearl Inlay
H 59.85 in. W 27.96 in. D 50.4 in.
18th Century Georgian Serpentine Chest of Drawers
Located in Dublin 8, IE
Mid-late 18th Century Georgian serpentine chest with brass locks and oval-shaped pulls on four graduated drawers raised on outswept bracket feet.
Category

Antique 18th Century Irish Georgian Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Brass

Late Regency Brass-Inlaid Mahogany Wellington Chest Attributed to Gillows
By Gillows of Lancaster & London
Located in Lymington, Hampshire
A late Regency brass-inlaid mahogany Wellington chest attributed to Gillows, of rectangular form with a porphyry top above seven leather-inset drawers, the top one with a hinged fron...
Category

Antique 19th Century British Regency Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Brass

19th Century Pair of Mahogany Bedside Lockers
Located in Dublin 8, IE
19th century pair of mahogany bedside lockers, the moulded top raised over four graduated drawers with two mahogany pulls and brass escutcheon terminating on moulded plinth base.
Category

Antique Mid-19th Century Irish William IV Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

19th Century Rosewood Chest, Inlaid with the Mother-of-Pearl
Located in Esbeek, NL
19th century Rosewood chest. Details of depicted flowers and plants are inlaid in the mother-of-pearl.   
Category

Antique 19th Century Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mother-of-Pearl, Rosewood

Gillows Regency Demilune Commode Converted to a Cellarette
By Gillows of Lancaster & London
Located in Northwich, GB
Gillows of Lancaster and London, also known as Gillow & Co., was an English furniture making firm based in Lancaster, Lancashire, and in London. It was founded around in Lancaster in...
Category

Antique Early 19th Century British Regency Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

18th Century Irish Chest of Drawers
Located in High Point, NC
18th century serpentine front chest of drawers from Ireland. The top is serpentine shaped to complement the lines of the case, and is nicely grained. The case has simple sides and a ...
Category

Antique 18th Century Irish George III Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

  • 18th Century Irish Chest of Drawers
  • 18th Century Irish Chest of Drawers
  • 18th Century Irish Chest of Drawers
  • 18th Century Irish Chest of Drawers
H 38.75 in. W 42.75 in. D 22.38 in.
Late 18th Century George III Pair of Demilune Commodes
Located in Dublin 8, IE
Late 18th century George III pair of flame mahogany demilune commodes, the moulded top with foliate shaped fan inlaid with boxwood and fruitwood and crossbanded in rosewood, trimmed ...
Category

Antique Late 18th Century Irish George III Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

Small Commode Furniture End 19th Century
By France"
Located in Madrid, ES
Small commode furniture end 19th century Good condition Measures: 83 x 54 x 32 cm.
Category

Antique 19th Century French Napoleon III Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Wood

  • Small Commode Furniture End 19th Century
  • Small Commode Furniture End 19th Century
  • Small Commode Furniture End 19th Century
  • Small Commode Furniture End 19th Century
H 32.68 in. W 21.26 in. D 12.6 in.
19th Century Mahogany Serpentine Chest of Drawers
Located in Dublin 8, IE
19th century mahogany serpentine chest of drawers with two small and three long graduated drawers with brass pulls supported on four bracket feet.
Category

Antique 19th Century Irish George III Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

Late 19th Century Irish Satinwood Commode by James Hicks of Dublin
By James Hicks
Located in Dublin, IE
A magnificent satinwood and marquetry inlaid semi elliptical commode by James Hicks of Dublin. The rosewood banded top inlaid with a half patera with floral bandings with an outer ba...
Category

Antique Early 1900s Irish Georgian Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Satinwood

Etoile Chest of Drawers by Chiara Provasi
By Chiara Provasi
Located in Milan, IT
A stunning piece of functional decor that will enrich a classic or contemporary bedroom, this chest of drawers was handcrafted in rosewood and maple. The striking contrast between th...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Italian Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Marble, Brass

  • Etoile Chest of Drawers by Chiara Provasi
  • Etoile Chest of Drawers by Chiara Provasi
  • Etoile Chest of Drawers by Chiara Provasi
  • Etoile Chest of Drawers by Chiara Provasi
H 39.38 in. W 55.12 in. D 20.87 in.
George III Period Serpentine Chest
By Gillows of Lancaster & London
Located in Peterborough, Northamptonshire
A good George III period mahogany serpentine chest of drawers, with offset canted corners, very typical of Gillows of Lancaster construction, original bracket feet with shaped edges ...
Category

Antique 18th Century and Earlier British George III Commodes and Chests ...

Materials

Serpentine

  • George III Period Serpentine Chest
  • George III Period Serpentine Chest
  • George III Period Serpentine Chest
  • George III Period Serpentine Chest
H 41 in. W 53 in. D 24 in.
18th Century George II Mahogany Chest of Drawers
Located in Dublin 8, IE
18th century George II crossbanded line inlaid mahogany chest of drawers, the moulded top raised over three graduated long cockbeaded drawers with brass pulls and escutcheons termina...
Category

Antique 18th Century Irish George II Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

Chest of Drawers Charles X Mahogany Cherry Maple Marble, Italy, Mid 1800
Located in Milano, IT
Charles X chest of drawers supported by feet of which the front ones are spinning top shaped, on the front it has three drawers, framed between 45° uprights and finished with carving...
Category

Antique 19th Century Italian Charles X Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Marble

Sculptural Walnut Mid-Century Modern Long Dresser Credenza
By Kent Coffey, American of Martinsville
Located in Rockaway, NJ
Super nice walnut wood pattern Mid-Century Modern long dresser credenza. Beautiful refinished condition.
Category

20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Walnut

Early 19th Century Bowfront Chest of Drawers after Thomas Sheraton
By Thomas Sheraton
Located in Dublin 8, IE
Early 19th century George III mahogany bowfront chest of drawers in the Thomas Sheraton, the shaped crossbanded top with satinwood line inlay raised over two short and three long cro...
Category

Antique 19th Century Irish George III Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Mahogany

Oiled Walnut Mid-Century Modern High Chest 4 Drawers Dresser
By American of Martinsville, Broyhill Brasilia
Located in Rockaway, NJ
Very clean beautiful walnut wood pattern oil finished high chest dresser.
Category

20th Century American Mid-Century Modern Commodes and Chests of Drawers

Materials

Walnut

  • 1
  • ...

1 Of 1 For Sale on 1stDibs

Choose from an assortment of styles, material and more with respect to the 1 of 1 you’re looking for at 1stDibs. A 1 of 1 — often made from wood, metal and fabric — can elevate any home. Find 331435 options for an antique or vintage 1 of 1 now, or shop our selection of 11159 modern versions for a more contemporary example of this long-cherished piece. Your living room may not be complete without a 1 of 1 — find older editions for sale from the 18th Century and newer versions made as recently as the 21st Century. When you’re browsing for the right 1 of 1, those designed in Mid-Century Modern, Art Deco and Modern styles are of considerable interest. You’ll likely find more than one 1 of 1 that is appealing in its simplicity, but Berber Tribes of Morocco, Milo Baughman and Knoll produced versions that are worth a look.

How Much is a 1 Of 1?

The average selling price for a 1 of 1 at 1stDibs is $3,165, while they’re typically $1 on the low end and $3,500,000 for the highest priced.