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Dimensions:
Dealer Location: New York, NY
Materials & Techniques: Chrome, Walnut
1974 Paul Evans Cantilevered Burled Walnut and Chr...
Paul Evans
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Chrome, Walnut
Salvaged out of Miami, this is an attractive desk with burled walnut veneer and a lacquered finish. Designed by American furniture designer and sculptor Paul Evans. The inset interior c...
Eero Saarinen Knoll Calacatta Marble Oval Dining Table
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Phoenix, AZ
Materials & Techniques: Iron, Marble
Eero Saarinen Knoll Calacatta Marble Oval Dining T...
Eero Saarinen
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Iron, Marble
Eero Saarinen for Knoll Calacatta marble oval dining table, circa mid-1970s. This all original example has an incredibly grained knife edge marble top with the earlier iron base. Labele...
Leon Rosen for Pace Collection Burl Wood Executive Writing Desk
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Wayne, NJ
Leon Rosen for Pace Collection Burl Wood Executive...
Pace Collection, Leon Rosen
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Leon Rosen for Pace collection. This has three drawers on the left side, one smaller and larger file drawer on the right. Pullouts on both sides for writing or extra room. The backside ...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: New York, NY
Materials & Techniques: Marble, Wood
Marzio Cecchi 1970s Pink White Veined Black and Be...
Marzio Cecchi
Vintage Italian Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Marble, Wood
This 1970s original Italian desk with six drawers is attributed to Marzio Cecchi, provenance from an interior in Florence designed by Marzio Cecchi. The construction of this piece, enti...
Oryx Desk by Parigi and Prina
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Antwerp, BE
Materials & Techniques: Glass, Chrome, Fiberglass
Oryx Desk by Parigi and Prina
Vittorio Parigi
Vintage Italian Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Glass, Chrome, Fiberglass
V. Parigi N. Prina Oryx desk, Molteni & Co. Italy, 1970. Molded plastic top with built in light and hinged glass writing surface.
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: San Francisco, CA
Materials & Techniques: Padouk, Rosewood
Jim Sweeny Rosewood and Padauk Compass Leg Desk
Jim Sweeney
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Padouk, Rosewood
A substantial solid rosewood and padauk desk with drawer by Berkeley, California, master woodworker Jim Sweeny. Impressive craftsmanship and construction throughout. Expansive rosewo...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Allentown, PA
Materials & Techniques: Chrome
Desk Modern Chrome and Smoke Glass Open Sides
Milo Baughman
Vintage American Other 1970s Desks
Chrome
Fantastic chrome square tubular rectangular desk with open shelves and smoke glass.
Executive Desk by Hans Von Klier, Italy
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Los Angeles, CA
Materials & Techniques: Stainless Steel, Leather, Wood
Executive Desk by Hans Von Klier, Italy
Hans Von Klier
Vintage Italian Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Stainless Steel, Leather, Wood
Modern executive desk designed by Hans Von Klier for Skipper, Italy. Features a leather and mahogany top, stainless steel legs and three drawers. Top quality design, craftsmanship and ...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Brooklyn, NY
Materials & Techniques: Teak
Mid-Century Modern "Magic Box" Mummenthaler Meier ...
Mummenthaler and Meier
Vintage Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Teak
This unique folding teak desk is designed in the style of Swiss architects Ernst Mum(m)enthaler & Otto Meier. Unique writing desk folds into itself to save space, offers plenty of space...
Kent Coffey Impact Series Desk
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Phoenix, AZ
Materials & Techniques: Walnut
Kent Coffey Impact Series Desk
Kent Coffey
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Walnut
Superb desk by Kent Coffey in walnut from his impact line. Refurbished slightly for a fresh, rich, and clean presentation. Knee hole area is 25" W x 24" H.
Studio Craft Desk by Herzog
By Robert and Joanne Herzog
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Boston, MA
Materials & Techniques: Felt, Wood
Studio Craft Desk by Herzog
Robert and Joanne Herzog
Vintage American American Craftsman 1970s Desks
Felt, Wood
Walnut studio furniture roll top desk by husband and wife Robert and Joanne Herzog. Custom designed and built in California circa the 1970s. Interior of the roll top desk features numer...
Two-Drawer Desk by Jean Claude Mahey
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Roubaix, FR
Materials & Techniques: Brass, Wood
Two-Drawer Desk by Jean Claude Mahey
Jean Claude Mahey
Vintage French Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Brass, Wood
Great sober design two-drawer desk by French Designer Jean Claude Mahey, brass frame and base. circa 1970s.
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Dallas, TX
Studio Craft Desk by John Dodd
Vintage 1970s Desks
A beautifully crafted desk by artist John Dodd, 1970s.
Small Mid-Century Modern Desk or Vanity by American of Martinsville
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Brooklyn, NY
Materials & Techniques: Formica, Walnut
Small Mid-Century Modern Desk or Vanity by America...
American of Martinsville
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Formica, Walnut
This beautiful vintage modern vanity features one drawer with a unique brass pull and slender tapered legs. Sleek design with raised and beveled wood edges surrounding the stylish white...
Mid-Century Modern Desk and Chair by Paul McCobb
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Brooklyn, NY
Materials & Techniques: Maple
Mid-Century Modern Desk and Chair by Paul McCobb
Paul McCobb
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Maple
This beautiful vintage modern set includes a desk and a side chair. The desk is made of solid maple and features four large drawers. Quality craftsmanship with a finished back and a lar...
Maitland-Smith Desk Console with Elephant Motif
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Southampton, NJ
Materials & Techniques: Resin
Maitland-Smith Desk Console with Elephant Motif
Gampel-Stoll, Maitland Smith
Vintage American Hollywood Regency 1970s Desks
Resin
Stunning Desk or Console with a beautiful Tessellated stone top. Base is a total of four elephant heads with wooden tusks. This vintage desk has never been retouched so it still retains...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Tulsa, OK
Materials & Techniques: Chrome, Rosewood
1970 Rosewood Table Desk on Chrome Triangular Plin...
Milo Baughman
Vintage Danish Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Chrome, Rosewood
This is an absolute stunner in person. This rosewood desk is attributed or in the manner of Milo Baughman, but i have not seen another. I have the matched credenza listed as well, and h...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Brooklyn, NY
Materials & Techniques: Teak
Mid-Century Modern Danish Teak Desk
Vintage Danish Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Teak
This gorgeous vintage modern desk features a unique raised top along the back and sculpted feet. Sleek design with unusual recessed pulls and a wonderful vintage teak finish. This case ...
William Sklaroff Mid-Century Modern Uniplane Desk
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Wayne, NJ
William Sklaroff Mid-Century Modern Uniplane Desk
William Sklaroff
Vintage American Modern 1970s Desks
William Sklaroff Mid-Century Modern Uniplane desk with two rosewood paneled drawers in front and a back panel of rosewood. Leg opening is 27 7/8"High, 28 1/2" wide. Each drawer inner di...
Cees Braakman Desk
By Cees Braakman
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Meyrin, CH
Materials & Techniques: Teak
Cees Braakman Desk
Cees Braakman
Vintage European 1970s Desks
Teak
Cees Braakman desk.
Asprey & Co. 1970s Gold Desk Set
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: London, GB
Asprey & Co. 1970s Gold Desk Set
Asprey & Co.
Vintage British Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
A beautiful desk set from the 1970s never used and in immaculate condition. Each piece is gold plated and stamped Asprey. The scissors, letter opener and ruler are contained in the orig...
Gampel-Stoll Elephant Lacquered Elephant Desk
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Chicago, IL
Materials & Techniques: Wood, Lacquer
Gampel-Stoll Elephant Lacquered Elephant Desk
Gampel-Stoll
Vintage Italian Modern 1970s Desks
Wood, Lacquer
Desk Manufactured by Gampel-Stoll, Italy, circa 1970s. Lacquered wood. Color sample available upon request. Measure: 29 ¾” H x 59 ¾” W x 34” D.
Herman Miller Chrome and Zebra Wood Desk
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Chicago, IL
Materials & Techniques: Chrome, Zebra Wood
Herman Miller Chrome and Zebra Wood Desk
Herman Miller
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Chrome, Zebra Wood
African Zebra wood desk designed by Peter Protzman for Herman Miller with a wrap around chrome frame. Theres a pull-out pencil drawer nestled in the middle and two black Lucite lined fi...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Saint-Ouen, FR
Materials & Techniques: Metal, Glass
Marie France De Saint Felix Fantastic Sculptural D...
Marie-France de Saint-Félix
Vintage French Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Metal, Glass
Marie France De Saint Felix Fantastic Sculptural desk or table circa 1970, in excellent condition.
Norwegian Rosewood Writing Desk
By Ganddal Mobelfabrik
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Los Angeles, CA
Materials & Techniques: Rosewood
Norwegian Rosewood Writing Desk
Ganddal Mobelfabrik
Vintage Norwegian Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Rosewood
Manufacturer: Ganddal Møbelfabrikk Period/Style: Mid-Century Modern Country: Norway Date: 1970s Dimensions: 28.75"H x 55"W x 26.75"D Materials: Brazilian Rosewood Condition: Exc...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: West Hartford, CT
Materials & Techniques: Wood
Lane Altavista Furniture Faux Bamboo Writing Desk ...
Lane Furniture
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Wood
Lane Altavista faux bamboo Mid-Century Modern writing desk. Weight is 160 pounds.
Wharton Esherick Desk, circa 1970
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Houston, TX
Materials & Techniques: Cherry, Walnut
Wharton Esherick Desk, circa 1970
Wharton Esherick
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Cherry, Walnut
Wharton Esherick single pedestal desk, Paoli, PA, 1970. Walnut and cherry. Measures: 65 W x 37 D x 29.5 H inches. Commissioned from artist from an important estate. Provenanc...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Kansas City, MO
Materials & Techniques: Steel, Chrome, Rosewood
Fabio Lenci Desk, Rosewood and Chromed Steel in Ex...
Fabio Lenci, Bernini
Vintage Italian Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Steel, Chrome, Rosewood
Rare and fine Brazilian rosewood and chromed steel executive desk designed by Fabio Lenci for Bernini. Absolutely stunning figuring in the rosewood. Nice size. Not too large, not too s...
Rare Sculptural Desk by Jere Osgood
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Boston, MA
Materials & Techniques: Fruitwood, Oak
Rare Sculptural Desk by Jere Osgood
Jere Osgood
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Fruitwood, Oak
Rare studio furniture desk in fruitwood by Jere Osgood. Desk features a solid top with two slide out drawers and sculptural base. Signed and dated to 1976. Osgood's work can be seen in ...
Paul Evans Cityscape Desk from Directional Furniture, PE-7346
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Miami, FL
Materials & Techniques: Steel, Walnut
Paul Evans Cityscape Desk from Directional Furnitu...
Directional, Paul Evans
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Steel, Walnut
Walnut Cityscape desk by Paul Evans for Directional Furniture. Although unsigned, this desk is documented to be item PE-7346. Each side has two storage drawers and a file drawer. Left s...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Runaway Bay, AU
Materials & Techniques: Wood
Carved Wood Chinese Desk
Unknown
Vintage Chinese Chinese Export 1970s Desks
Wood
Chinese carved wood desk, 3-drawers underneath top (one lockable with a key), 3 side-drawers, cabinet drawer other side, 131 x 76 x 77cm high.   
California Studio Handcrafted Koa Desk
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Berkeley, CA
Materials & Techniques: Walnut
California Studio Handcrafted Koa Desk
Arthur Espenet Carpenter
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Walnut
Desk finely handcrafted of solid koa wood with rich grain on sculpted legs and floating top surface. Two drawers on the right including one filing cabinet and three drawers on the left ...
Custom "Cityscape" Executive Desk by Paul Evans
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Burbank, CA
Materials & Techniques: Copper, Steel, Walnut, Burl
Custom "Cityscape" Executive Desk by Paul Evans
Directional, Paul Evans
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Copper, Steel, Walnut, Burl
Rare monumental "Cityscape" executive desk designed by Paul Evans for Directional. Custom order with an outer anodized copper base, and interior titanium plated steel.
Roger Sprunger Style Rosewood and Stainless Steel Desk
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Pasadena, TX
Materials & Techniques: Stainless Steel, Rosewood
Roger Sprunger Style Rosewood and Stainless Steel ...
Dunbar Furniture, Roger Sprunger
Vintage American 1970s Desks
Stainless Steel, Rosewood
A Mid-Century Modern executive desk in the style of Roger Sprunger. Rosewood with stainless steel double pedestal base. Three drawers including one file and two regular with two pull-ou...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Saint-Ouen, FR
Materials & Techniques: Stainless Steel, Glass, Wood
Xavier Marbeau 1970s "Estéral" Stainless Steel, W...
Xavier Marbeau
Vintage French Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Stainless Steel, Glass, Wood
Xavier Marbeau 1970s "Estéral" stainless steel, lacquered wood and glass desk.
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Brooklyn, NY
Materials & Techniques: Teak
Mid-Century Modern Danish Teak Desk
Vintage Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Teak
Stunning vintage modern desk features two hefty drawers with unusual sculpted pulls. Sleek compact design offers plenty of work space on the top and ample room for storage within its dr...
Desk Signed by R. Dubarry, 1970s
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Paris Saint Ouen, FR
Materials & Techniques: Brass, Mirror, Wood
Desk Signed by R. Dubarry, 1970s
Rodolfo Dubarry
Vintage French 1970s Desks
Brass, Mirror, Wood
1970s desk signed by R. Dubarry, in engraved brass, with six drawers and a smoked mirror top surface.
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Stamford, CT
Materials & Techniques: Grasscloth, Wood
1970s Karl Springer Style White Grasscloth Waterfa...
Karl Springer
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Grasscloth, Wood
1970s white grasscloth waterfall style desk. In the style of Karl Springer. Single centre drawer. Very heavy, solid construction. White grasscloth has been newly painted in satin white....
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Brooklyn, NY
Materials & Techniques: Teak
Vintage Danish Teak Flip-Top Game Table or Desk
Vintage Danish Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Teak
This versatile Mid-Century Modern desk has the ability to turn into a game table by flipping the top to the opposite side. Unique design has a chess board in the centre of the top on on...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Brooklyn, NY
Materials & Techniques: Wood
Small Mid-Century Modern Student Desk
Vintage Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Wood
This beautiful vintage modern desk features three drawers with unique carved pulls. Wonderful compact design with an abundance of work space on the top and plenty of room for storage wi...
Mid-Century Modern Bernhard Rohne for Mastercraft ...
Bernhard Rohne
Vintage Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Designed by Bernhard Rohne for Mastercraft furniture this acid etched brass desk or dining table is a true work of art and statement piece, circa 1970s. Depending on size of glass top ...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Brooklyn, NY
Materials & Techniques: Walnut
Beautiful Mid-Century Modern Walnut Desk
Vintage Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Walnut
This gorgeous vintage modern desk features three hefty drawers and a large top ensuring plenty of work space. Quality craftsmanship with a finished back and a lovely walnut finish. Stur...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Phoenix, AZ
Materials & Techniques: Zebra Wood
Peter Protzman Zebra Wood Desk by Herman Miller
Peter Protzmann
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Zebra Wood
Zebra wood desk designed by Peter Protzman for Herman Miller. Contemporary tubular chrome frame, two pull-out black Lucite lined file drawers, and a pull-out middle pencil drawer.
"Big-Superbig" Desk Suite by Guido Faleschini for Mariani Via Pace Collection
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Weymouth, MA
Materials & Techniques: Leather, Chrome, Laminate, Beech
"Big-Superbig" Desk Suite by Guido Faleschini for ...
Pace Collection, Guido Faleschini, i4 Mariani
Vintage Italian Post-Modern 1970s Desks
Leather, Chrome, Laminate, Beech
Stylish and high quality executive office ensemble produced in 1976 by i4Mariani Italy, designed by architect Guido Faleschini and retailed in the USA through Pace Collection. The bi...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Chicago, IL
Materials & Techniques: Brass, Oak
Drexel Sandia Collection Jacobean Drop-Front Desk
Drexel
Vintage American 1970s Desks
Brass, Oak
Drexel drop front desk from the Sandia Collection, circa 1960s. Interesting writing desk marrying the form of a Govenor Winthrop drop front desk with early English Jacobean style. Const...
Jens Quistgaard for Løvig Teak Flip-Top Executive Desk
By Peter Løvig Nielsen, Jens Quistgaard
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: San Francisco, CA
Materials & Techniques: Brass, Wood, Teak
Jens Quistgaard for Løvig Teak Flip-Top Executive ...
Peter Løvig Nielsen, Jens Quistgaard
Vintage Danish Scandinavian Modern 1970s Desks
Brass, Wood, Teak
An expansive and expandable Danish modern teak executive partners desk designed by Jens Quistgaard of Dansk for Peter Løvig Nielsen. Defined by clean architectural lines and low-prof...
Mid-Century Desk by Vittorio Parigi and Nani Prina for Molten, circa 1970
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: The Hague, NL
Mid-Century Desk by Vittorio Parigi and Nani Prina...
Vittorio Parigi and Nani Prina, Molteni
Vintage Italian Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Desk with a white resin top. The top has is from tempered glass with an adjustable lamp that folds down into the desk. The base of the desk is made from tubular chrome. The desk in goo...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: New York, NY
Materials & Techniques: Zebra Wood, Giltwood
Modernist Library Table, Desk Designed by Karl Spr...
Karl Springer
Vintage American Modern 1970s Desks
Zebra Wood, Giltwood
A Karl Springer designed Modernist library table/desk with three drawers. From the private estate of Karl Springer. Zebrawood with giltwood feet. Featuring original Karl Springer la...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Brooklyn, NY
Materials & Techniques: Walnut
Mid-Century Modern Walnut Desk with a Finished Bac...
Vintage Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Walnut
This beautiful vintage modern desk features unique curved drawer pulls and a finished back. Sleek design with a 48 inch wide top providing plenty of work space and four large drawers fo...
George Nelson Herman Miller Roll Top Office Desk
By Herman Miller, George Nelson & Associates
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Salt Lake City, UT
George Nelson Herman Miller Roll Top Office Desk
Herman Miller, George Nelson & Associates
Vintage 1970s Desks
Great vintage condition The tambour roll top pushes back smoothly.  
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Saint-Ouen, FR
Materials & Techniques: Aluminum, Lucite, Rosewood
Poul Norreklit Desk in Rosewood and Lucite
Vintage Danish Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Aluminum, Lucite, Rosewood
1970s rosewood and Lucite desk with chromed steel drawers. Perfect condition Designed by Poul Norrekit (Danish).
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Nottingham, GB
Materials & Techniques: Brass, Wood, Lacquer
1970s Red Lacquered Albrizzi Desk with Brass Trest...
Alessandro Albrizzi
Vintage North American Hollywood Regency 1970s Desks
Brass, Wood, Lacquer
1970s desk attributed to Albrizzi with a bespoke design by Lacquersmith, USA. Pattern tinted lacquer console with brass inlay and two matching solid brass trestle supports. Three ...
Peter Protzman for Herman Miller Desk
By Herman Miller, Peter Protzmann
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Chicago, IL
Materials & Techniques: Chrome, Lucite, Zebra Wood
Peter Protzman for Herman Miller Desk
Herman Miller, Peter Protzmann
Vintage Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Chrome, Lucite, Zebra Wood
Exotic African zebrawood desk designed by Peter Protzman for Herman Miller with chrome frame, pull-out middle pencil drawer and two black Lucite lined file drawers. Key included. Matchi...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Brooklyn, NY
Materials & Techniques: Chrome, Walnut
Mid-Century Modern Walnut "The Beverly" Kent Coffe...
Kent Coffey
Vintage North American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Chrome, Walnut
This beautiful vintage modern desk by Kent Coffey features four drawers for storage with unique sculpted chrome pulls. Unusual two-tone design with beautiful wood grain that runs horizo...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Lafayette, IN
Materials & Techniques: Bronze, Walnut
Mid-Century Modern Minimalist Walnut Executive Des...
Jens Risom
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Bronze, Walnut
This magnificent, matching executive office set is attributed to Jens Risom. Both desk and cabinet are done in Risom's iconic Minimalist style allowing the gorgeous book-matched walnut ...
Mid-Century Leon Rosen Pace Collection Desk
By Pace Collection, Leon Rosen
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Miami, FL
Materials & Techniques: Stainless Steel, Mahogany
Mid-Century Leon Rosen Pace Collection Desk
Pace Collection, Leon Rosen
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Stainless Steel, Mahogany
An elegant, Mid-Century Modern desk or dining table constructed of blond mahogany, with stainless steel legs featuring a unique, trapezoidal shape. Designed by Leon Rosen for the Pace c...
Mahé Jean-Claude, 1970 Desk and Mirror
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Couzon au Mont d'Or, FR
Materials & Techniques: Brass, Wood
Mahé Jean-Claude, 1970 Desk and Mirror
Jean Claude Mahey
Vintage French Rococo Revival 1970s Desks
Brass, Wood
A very beautiful set by Jean Claude Mahey for Maison Romeo Paris. The set is made of ivory lacquered wood and golden brushed brass. (Very heavy.) It's a very interesting piece signed...
Dimensions:
Dealer Location: Brooklyn, NY
Materials & Techniques: Cane
Mid-Century Modern Broyhill Emphasis Desk with a C...
Broyhill
Vintage American Mid-Century Modern 1970s Desks
Cane
This stunning vintage modern desk by Broyhill features seven large drawers and plenty of work space. Sleek design with unique pulls and a finished back shows true quality craftsmanship....