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Large Framed Oil Paintings

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"The Picnic" Large Serene G. Harvey painting. 54 x 50 Framed
By G. Harvey
Located in San Antonio, TX
G. Harvey (Gerald Harvey Jones) (1933-2017) San Antonio, Austin, and Fredericksburg Artist Image Size: 40 x 36 Frame Size: 54 x 50 Medium: Oil Dated 1988 "The Picnic" Known for pain...
Category

1980s Impressionist Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil

Linc Thelen, Large abstract painting, Soft pastel color, Framed
By Linc Thelen
Located in New York, NY
Oil paint, oil pastel and pencil on canvas. Framed Linc Thelen’s abstractions are pleasant investigations into the formal issues of abstraction. His common forms are the circle, the...
Category

2010s Abstract Abstract Paintings

Materials

Oil Pastel, Oil, Pencil

Lily In East Village New York Large
By Rafael Saldarriaga
Located in Lake Worth, FL
Large Still Life with Orange Daylilies in East Village New York. RAFAEL SALDARRIAGA was born in Medellin, Colombia in 1955. Arrived in the United States in 1993. After living in New ...
Category

2010s Realist Still-life Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Original Large Framed Oil Painting on Canvas Signed Frank Mason The Forge
By Frank Mason
Located in Keego Harbor, MI
For your consideration is a framed oil on canvas painting, of three working men, entitled "The Forge," signed by Frank Mason, dated 1984. In excellent condition. The dimensions of th...
Category

Vintage 1980s Paintings

Materials

Canvas

LARGE SIGNED BRITISH OIL PAINTING - EXTENSIVE RIVER LANDSCAPE DISTANT HILLS
Located in Cirencester, Gloucestershire
Artist/ School: British School, signed lower corner, late 20th century Title: The Extensive River Landscape Medium: oil painting on canvas, framed, signed. Size: frame: 23 ...
Category

20th Century Impressionist Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil

George Large, Cubist oil of boats and fishermen
Located in Harkstead, GB
George Large, R.I. (born 1936) Fishermen in the boatyard, Signed and dated '86, Oil on board, 25 x 17 inches 29½ x 21½ inches ​ A very dynamic oil with a vibrant palette and engag...
Category

Late 20th Century Cubist Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil, Board

George Large, Cubist oil of beached boats
Located in Harkstead, GB
George Large, R.I. (born 1936) Beached boats, Signed and dated '86, Oil on canvas, 10 x 14 inches ​ A very eye-catching composition displaying the artist's fascination with cubism. ...
Category

Late 20th Century Cubist Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Loch Lomond Large Antique Scottish Framed Highlands Oil Painting
By Francis E. Jamieson
Located in Cirencester, Gloucestershire
"Loch Lomond" by F. E. Jamieson (British 1895-1950) signed lower corner inscribed verso oil painting on canvas, framed canvas: 16 x 24 inches frame: 20 x 28.5 inches Fine quality ...
Category

Early 20th Century Victorian Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

BRITISH HUNTING SCENE - LARGE SIGNED ENGLISH OIL PAINTING - GILT FRAME
Located in Cirencester, Gloucestershire
Artist/ School: British School, indistinctly signed and dated lower corner. Title: The Hunt Medium: oil painting on board. Size: frame: 23.5 x 33.75 inches ...
Category

20th Century Victorian Animal Paintings

Materials

Oil

Large 5+-Foot Landscape Oil Painting on Canvas by Gary Kremen, Framed
By Gary Kremen
Located in Los Angeles, CA
Untitled Landscape, an original oil on canvas by Gary Kremen, is a piece for the true collector. Kremen's fine attention to detail is evident here, depicting a desert landscape set b...
Category

1990s Realist Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil

"Port Corse" Large Nautical Seascape Oil Painting by Charles Levier, Framed
By Charles Levier
Located in Los Angeles, CA
"Port Corse," an original oil on canvas by Charles Levier, is a piece for the true collector. Levier's vivid detail projects from the painting, immediately capturing the viewer's att...
Category

1960s Post-Impressionist Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil

Large Antique Scottish Highlands Oil Painting in Gilt Frame Pitlochry Perthshire
By Francis E. Jamieson
Located in Cirencester, Gloucestershire
"Pitlochry" by F. E. Jamieson (British 1895-1950) signed lower corner inscribed verso with title oil painting on canvas, framed canvas: 16 x 24 inches frame: 26 x 34 inches Fine q...
Category

Early 20th Century Victorian Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Large Antique Scottish Framed Highlands Oil Painting Moody Misty Loch Scene
By Francis E. Jamieson
Located in Cirencester, Gloucestershire
"The Ancient Loch" by F. E. Jamieson (British 1895-1950) signed lower corner inscribed verso oil painting on canvas, framed canvas: 20 x 30 inches frame: 25 x 35 inches Fine quali...
Category

Early 20th Century Victorian Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Incident: Large Framed Vertical Luminist Style Oil Landscape Painting
By Leigh Palmer
Located in Hudson, NY
Oil on canvas 60 x 48 inches This large vertical painting of an expansive pastoral landscape was created by artist Leigh Palmer a few years after his move to the Hudson River Valley...
Category

2010s Contemporary Landscape Paintings

Materials

Linen, Oil

Large 4.5-Foot Seascape Oil Painting on Canvas by Violet Parkhurst, Framed
By Violet Parkhurst
Located in Los Angeles, CA
Untitled Seascape, an original oil on canvas by Violet Parkhurst, is a piece for the true collector. Parkhurst's unique ability to capture the ocean is second-to-none. Her works have...
Category

1970s Realist Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil

"Jagat" Large 5-Foot Abstract Oil Painting on Canvas by Ann Thornycroft, Framed
Located in Los Angeles, CA
"Jagat," an original oil on canvas by Ann Thornycroft, is a piece for the true collector. Thornycroft's use of color immediately captivates the viewer. This painting is a phenomenal ...
Category

1980s Abstract Abstract Paintings

Materials

Oil

Large Oil Painting Titled: Elizabeth
By Christina Major
Located in West Palm Beach, FL
Quotes in this order: I call upon you to draw from the depths of your being dashed to prove that we are a human race, to prove that our love outweighs our need to hate, that our comp...
Category

2010s Realist Figurative Paintings

Materials

Oil

Large Oil Painting Titled: Sophia
By Christina Major
Located in West Palm Beach, FL
Quotes in this order: I call upon you to draw from the depths of your being dashed to prove that we are a human race, to prove that our love outweighs our need to hate, that our comp...
Category

2010s Expressionist Figurative Paintings

Materials

Oil

Large Floralscape Original Oil Painting on Canvas by William Verdult, Framed
By William Verdult
Located in Los Angeles, CA
Untitled Floralscape, an original oil painting on canvas by William Verdult, is a piece for the true collector. The artist's genius reflects a fiery artistic approach that inspires u...
Category

1970s Contemporary Still-life Paintings

Materials

Oil

Large 3.5-Foot Seascape Oil Painting on Canvas by Violet Parkhurst, Framed
By Violet Parkhurst
Located in Los Angeles, CA
Untitled Seascape, an original oil on canvas by Violet Parkhurst, is a piece for the true collector. Parkhurst's unique ability to capture the ocean is second-to-none. Her works have...
Category

1980s Realist Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil

Poise by Geri Eubanks, Large Vertical Framed Figurative Oil on Canvas Painting
By Geri Eubanks
Located in Atlanta, GA
'Poise' is a framed Impressionist figurative oil on canvas painting of vertical format, created by American artist Geri Eubanks in 2021. Featuring a palette made of blue, white, soft...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Impressionist Figurative Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Wildebeest Migration - Gabielle Pool - large scale oil painting - Wooden frame
Located in Coltishall, GB
Gabrielle’s oil paintings are large and expressive. They are built up of many layers of rich, earthy paint and linseed oil using a variety of painting techniques. These impressiv...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Paintings

Materials

Wood, Oil

Cloud Escape by Kelli Kaufman Large Framed Oil and Wax Landscape Painting
By Kelli Kaufman
Located in Atlanta, GA
'Cloud Escape' is a medium framed oil and wax on canvas abstracted landscape created by American artist Kelli Kaufman in 2021. Featuring a palette mostly made of blue and green, this...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Contemporary Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Wax, Oil

Slipping Away by Kelli Kaufman Large Framed Oil and Wax Landscape Painting
By Kelli Kaufman
Located in Atlanta, GA
'Slipping Away' is a large framed oil and wax on canvas abstracted landscape created by American artist Kelli Kaufman in 2021. Featuring a palette mostly made of warm tonalities, thi...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Contemporary Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Wax, Oil

"Finished, Unfinished Quintet" Large 5-Foot Oil Painting by Leta Ramos, Framed
Located in Los Angeles, CA
"Finished, Unfinished Quintet," an original oil on linen by Leta Ramos, is a piece for the true collector. The painting possesses a three-dimensionality, enhanced by the juxtapositio...
Category

1980s Abstract Still-life Paintings

Materials

Oil

"Port en Corse" Large 4-Foot Oil Painting on Canvas by Charles Levier, Framed
By Charles Levier
Located in Los Angeles, CA
"Port en Corse," an original oil on canvas by Charles Levier, is a piece for the true collector. Levier's vivid detail projects from the painting, immediately capturing the viewer's ...
Category

1960s Post-Impressionist Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil

Large Original 6.5-Foot Framed Abstract Oil Painting on Canvas by Ed Gilliam
By Ed Gilliam
Located in Los Angeles, CA
"Three Ring Circus," an original oil on canvas by Edward Gilliam, is a piece for the true collector. Gilliam's use of color and subject matter immediately captivates the viewer. This...
Category

1990s Abstract Abstract Paintings

Materials

Oil

LARGE CLASSICAL STILL LIFE OF FLOWERS - GILT FRAMED OIL PAINTING ON CANVAS
Located in Cirencester, Gloucestershire
Artist/ School: contemporary work after the earlier Dutch masters. Title: Classical Still Life of Flowers Medium: oil painting on canvas, framed Size: framed: 31.5 x 27.5 inche...
Category

Mid-20th Century Still-life Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

LARGE CLASSICAL STILL LIFE OF FLOWERS - GILT FRAMED OIL PAINTING ON CANVAS
Located in Cirencester, Gloucestershire
Artist/ School: contemporary work after the earlier Dutch masters. Title: Classical still life of flowers. Medium: oil painting on canvas, framed Size: framed: 31.5 x 27.5 inch...
Category

Mid-20th Century Still-life Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Silent Evenings, large abstract oil painting
By Jenny Lock
Located in Kingsclere, GB
Jenny Lock came to painting later in life and the fresh relationship with the medium has clearly invigorated her developed aesthetic. Born in Kingston, Surrey, Jenny studied fashion ...
Category

2010s Abstract Abstract Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Large Framed Contemporary Oil - The Painter
Located in Corsham, GB
A vibrant contemporary portrait of a young male painter. Well presented in a simple painted wood frame. Unsigned. On canvas on stretchers.
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Portrait Paintings

Materials

Oil

Live Oak Parade by Kelli Kaufman Large Framed Oil and Wax Landscape Painting
By Kelli Kaufman
Located in Atlanta, GA
'Live Oak Parade' is a large framed oil and wax on canvas abstracted landscape created by American artist Kelli Kaufman in 2021. Featuring a palette mostly made of warm tonalities, t...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Contemporary Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Wax, Oil

Large Spanish Impressionism Villagescape Oil Painting
Located in Gallatin, TN
Large Spanish Impressionism Villagescape Oil Painting Oil on Canvas Signed by the artist in the lower right of canvas Housed in a gold gilt beveled wood frame Approx. Dimensions:...
Category

20th Century Impressionist Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Composition, 93-5 (large oil on canvas, framed)
Located in New Orleans, LA
A large, iconic painting on canvas by New Orleans' best-known modernist painter, Ida Kohlmeyer. These are fought over by New Orleanians, but she has a national following as well, and...
Category

1990s Abstract Abstract Paintings

Materials

Mixed Media

Large Giltwood Framed Oil / Canvas Painting
Located in Hudson, NY
Large giltwood framed oil on canvas painting. 19th century style girl with book". The painting is in great condition. Minor wear consistent with age / use. Artist signature at the le...
Category

Antique 19th Century European Paintings

Materials

Giltwood, Paint

Large Giltwood Framed Oil / Board Painting
Located in Hudson, NY
Large giltwood framed oil on board painting. The painting is in good antique condition with minor wear consistent with age / use. Minor losses to frame. Frame is about 50 " long x 34...
Category

Antique Mid-19th Century Paintings

Materials

Giltwood, Paint

Large Giltwood Framed Oil / Canvas Painting
Located in Hudson, NY
Large giltwood framed oil on canvas 19th century style still life of fruit. The oil painting is in great condition with minor wear consistent with age / use. The giltwood frame is ab...
Category

20th Century Paintings

Materials

Giltwood, Paint

Large Giltwood Frame Oil / Canvas Painting
Located in Hudson, NY
Large giltwood frame oil on canvas green meadow painting. The painting is in great condition. Artist signature lower left hand corner . The frame is about 52 inches wide x 42 inches ...
Category

Early 20th Century Paintings

Materials

Paint

Large oil on Canvas Painting -- Titanic Overture
By Gary Masline
Located in Troy, NY
This oil on canvas painting is an example of the artist's fascination with the moments just before something unexpected happens. The painting gives a scene often enacted in Northeast...
Category

2010s Contemporary Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Tranquil Harbour. Large Contemporary Landscape Oil Painting
By David J. Williams
Located in Brecon, Powys
Oil on canvas. set in an elaborate white classical frame
Category

2010s Contemporary Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Large Surreal Latin American Oil Painting
Located in Rochester, NY
Surreal hyper realistic trompe l'oeil oil painting by Latin American artist Victor Del Castillo. Peaches, grapes and cherries in rich brilliant colors and incredible detail. Measures...
Category

Late 20th Century Realist Still-life Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Large Antique American Modernist Signed Framed Oil Painting Day at the Beach
By Benjamin Albert Stahl
Located in Buffalo, NY
Vintage American modernist beach scene oil painting by Benjamin Albert Stahl (1910 - 1987). Oil on board, circa 1970. Signed. Image size, 24L x 36H. Housed in a giltwood frame.
Category

1970s Modern Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Dutch Winter Ice Skating Landscape Large Signed Oil Painting Swept Gilt Frame
By Willem Polderman
Located in Cirencester, Gloucestershire
"The Winter Landscape" by Willem Polderman (Dutch 1913-1983) signed lower right corner oil painting on canvas, framed painting: 20 x 24 inches framed: 25.5 x 29.5 inches provenance...
Category

20th Century Victorian Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Large Caribbean Sugar Plantation Landscape oil Painting 1950
Located in Douglas Manor, NY
3971 Large oil on canvas of a sugar cane plantation Set in a red wood frame
Category

1950s Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil

Large Framed Contemporary Oil - Impressionist Street Scene
Located in Corsham, GB
Presented in a dark wood and gilt effect frame. The reverse of the canvas had been painted on- an unfinished still life scene. Unsigned. On canvas on stretchers.
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil

The Alps, Large oil painting on canvas.
Located in San Francisco, CA
This artwork "The Alps" c.1975 is a large oil painting on canvas by noted German artist Herbert August Uerpmann, 1911-1996. It is signed at the lower right corner by the artist. The ...
Category

Late 20th Century Impressionist Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil

Large Framed 20th Century Oil - Amsterdam
Located in Corsham, GB
Well presented in a gilt effect frame with linen slip. Inscribed with the location to the lower right and signed indistinctly. On canvas on stretchers.
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil

Antique American Modernist Abstract Expressionist Original Framed Large Painting
Located in Buffalo, NY
Vintage American modernist abstract painting. Watercolor and gouache on paper, circa 1960. Unsigned. Image size, 35.5L x 23H. Housed in a period frame.
Category

1950s Abstract Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Antique American Modernist Abstract Expressionist Original Framed Large Painting
Located in Buffalo, NY
Vintage American modernist abstract painting. Watercolor and gouache on paper, circa 1950. Signed. Image size, 23L x 35H. Housed in a period giltwood frame.
Category

1950s Abstract Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Antique Large American Impressionist Signed Giltwood Frame Landscape Painting
Located in Buffalo, NY
Antique American impressionist signed original landscape painting by Alfred Juergens (1866 - c.1934). Oil on canvas, circa 1900. Signed. Displayed in a giltwood frame. Image, 18"L...
Category

Early 1900s Impressionist Landscape Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

"A Reasonable Show Of Power". Large Contemporary Seascape Oil Painting
By Penny Rumble
Located in Brecon, Powys
It is often impossible to represent the fury of an ocean storm without it seeming slightly tame on canvas. Penny uses textured layers and strong jagged lines to convey the atmosphere...
Category

2010s Contemporary Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil

Large Oil on Board Landscape Painting "Blue Lake"
By Erekle Chinchilakashvili
Located in Cape Town, ZA
A large, unique, artwork by Erekle Chinchilakashvili, a Georgian based artist with an extensive art education. He is especially passionate about understanding the subconscious side o...
Category

2010s Contemporary Landscape Paintings

Materials

Oil, Fiberboard

Carnations - Large 19th Century Oil Painting Portrait
By Philip Hermogenes Calderon R.A.
Located in Gerrards Cross, GB
‘Carnations’ by Philip Hermogenes Calderon R.A. (1833-1898). The painting is signed and inscribed by the artist verso, and hangs in a superb quality gold metal leaf Watts frame. As...
Category

Late 19th Century Victorian Portrait Paintings

Materials

Oil

Parade Large Modern Oil Painting With Three Figures
By Jürgen Görg
Located in Lake Worth, FL
Parade Modern Oil Painting With Three Figures Oil, graphite on linen canvas, canvas 46x39 with frame 63x55. Jurgen Gorg was born in 1951 in​ Dernbach Germany. His formative years we...
Category

1980s Expressionist Figurative Paintings

Materials

Graphite, Linen, Oil

Large Gilt Wood Framed Oil / Canvas Painting
Located in Hudson, NY
Large gilt wood framed oil on canvas 19th century style still life of fruit. The oil painting is in great condition with minor wear consistent with age / use. The gilt wood frame is ...
Category

20th Century Paintings

Materials

Paint, Giltwood

Large Enigmatic Abstract Oil Painting
Located in Pasadena, CA
Large abstract painting on board unfortunately not signed! The artist has been so absorbed in his research of details that he forgot to sign it!
Category

Mid-20th Century Abstract Paintings

Materials

Wood, Paint, Board

  • Large Enigmatic Abstract Oil Painting
  • Large Enigmatic Abstract Oil Painting
  • Large Enigmatic Abstract Oil Painting
  • Large Enigmatic Abstract Oil Painting
H 39.25 in. W 51.6 in. D 0.88 in.
British, 20th Century Oil painting 'The Seasons', large blue painting
By Roy Bizley
Located in Petworth, GB
Roy Bizley (British, 1930-1999) The Seasons, from the Terrace series Oil on board Signed and dated ‘R Bizley, 1980’ (on the reverse) 36 x 47.5/8 in. (91.2 x 121 cm.) Provenance: From...
Category

20th Century Abstract Abstract Paintings

Materials

Canvas, Oil

Very Large Wood Framed Oil / Canvas Painting
Located in Hudson, NY
Very large giltwood framed oil on canvas painting. The painting is in good vintage condition. Minor wear consistent with age / use. Artist signature lower left hand corner. Frame is ...
Category

Late 20th Century Paintings

Materials

Giltwood, Paint

The Sun - Large Format Contemporary Nature, Flower Painting - Framed
By Aleksandra Batura
Located in Salzburg, AT
Aleksandra Batura (b. 1982 in Augustów) a Warsaw based artist. She earned a Doctor of Fine Arts degree from the Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow. She studied at the Faculty of Painting...
Category

2010s Contemporary Abstract Paintings

Materials

Acrylic, Cotton Canvas, Oil

Large Abstract Oil Painting by Pat Badt
Located in Pasadena, CA
Pat Badt is a painter who also makes artist books. She has been the recipient of many awards and prizes including a National Endowment for the Arts grant in painting. She has exhibit...
Category

21st Century and Contemporary Contemporary Paintings

Materials

Oil, Canvas

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Large Framed Oil Paintings For Sale on 1stDibs

An assortment of large framed oil paintings is available on 1stDibs. Finding the perfect Abstract, Impressionist or Old Masters examples of these works for your space is difficult — today, we have a vast range of variations and more on offer. These items have been produced for many years, with earlier versions available from the 18th Century and newer variations made as recently as the 21st Century. If you’re looking to add large framed oil paintings that pop against an otherwise neutral space in your home, the works available on 1stDibs include that feature elements of brown, gray, black, blue and more. There have been many well-done artworks of this subject over the years, but those made by Scott Pattinson, Jennifer Hornyak, Allison Chambers, J Austin Jennings and Charles Levier are often thought to be among the most beautiful. Each of these unique pieces was handmade with extraordinary care, with artists most often working in paint, oil paint and fabric.

How Much are Large Framed Oil Paintings?

Prices for pieces in our collection of large framed oil paintings start at $373 and top out at $351,370 with the average selling for $4,800.

Read More

Penelope Gottlieb’s Comic-Style Painting Is a Requiem for a Vanished Flower

Penelope Gottlieb’s Comic-Style Painting Is a Requiem for a Vanished Flower

This piece may look like Pop art fun, but embedded within is a message of a planet on the brink.

In Christopher Spitzmiller’s New York Homes, His Love of Dogs Is on Full Display

In Christopher Spitzmiller’s New York Homes, His Love of Dogs Is on Full Display

The ceramist, designer and gentleman farmer tells us about the collection of antique dog art he has spread across a New York City apartment and a Greek Revival farmhouse in the Hudson Valley.

This Hypnotic Yayoi Kusama Collage Seems to Reach beyond the Canvas

This Hypnotic Yayoi Kusama Collage Seems to Reach beyond the Canvas

In Repetition GL.A, polka-dotted protuberances rise from a surface of rippling net. Here’s what makes the piece so rare.

In the Late Hung Liu’s Historical Portraits, Layers of Joy and Struggle Are Exposed

In the Late Hung Liu’s Historical Portraits, Layers of Joy and Struggle Are Exposed

We spoke with the artist, in one of her last interviews, about the messages in her striking figurative works, which will be featured in a posthumous show at the National Portrait Gallery.

The 35 Most Expensive Paintings Ever Sold

The 35 Most Expensive Paintings Ever Sold

Curious about the most expensive paintings in the world? Discover the stories behind these masterpieces as well as the staggering prices they fetched.

When Art Galleries Join Together, Everybody Wins

When Art Galleries Join Together, Everybody Wins

Art associations are known for their glitzy fairs, but these organizations do a ton of work behind the scenes to help gallerists and collectors. Here, the heads of five major art associations give us the rundown of what they do.

The Hilma af Klint Effect: How the Future-Forward Painter Inspires Artists Today

The Hilma af Klint Effect: How the Future-Forward Painter Inspires Artists Today

The early-20th-century Swedish abstractionist took artistic cues from spiritualist writings and occult practices. Now, 21st-century creators are taking cues from her.

10 Reasons Art Collectors Are Obsessed with Andy Warhol

10 Reasons Art Collectors Are Obsessed with Andy Warhol

More than three decades after his death, the prolific Pop artist and cultural icon's body of work continues to captivate. Here's a primer of some of his most notable motifs and mediums.