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Meissen Porcelain

Meissen Porcelain (Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen) is one of the preeminent porcelain factories in Europe and was the first to produce true porcelain outside of Asia. It was established in 1710 under the auspices of King Augustus II “the Strong” of Saxony-Poland (1670–1733), a keen collector of Asian ceramics, particularly Ming porcelain.

In pursuing his passion, which he termed his “maladie de porcelaine,” Augustus spent vast sums, amassing some 20,000 pieces of Japanese and Chinese ceramics. These, along with examples of early Meissen, comprise the Porzellansammlung, or porcelain collection, of the Zwinger Palace, in Dresden.

The king was determined, however, to free the European market from its dependence on Asian imports and to give European artisans the freedom to create their own porcelain designs. To this end, he charged the scientist Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus and aspiring alchemist Johann Friedrich Böttger with the task of using local materials to produce true, hard-paste porcelain (as opposed to the soft-paste variety European ceramists in the Netherlands, Germany, France, Italy and Spain had been producing since the late Renaissance). In 1709, the pair succeeded in doing just that, employing kaolin, or “china clay.” A year later, the Meissen factory was born.

In its first decades, Meissen mostly looked to Asian models, producing wares based on Japanese Kakiemon ceramics and pieces with Chinese-inflected decorations called chinoiserie. During the 1720s its painters drew inspiration from the works of Watteau, and the scenes of courtly life, fruits and flowers that adorned fashionable textiles and wallpaper. It was in this period that Meissen introduced its famous cobalt-blue crossed swords logo — derived from the arms of the Elector of Saxony as Arch-Marshal of the Holy Roman Empire — to distinguish its products from those of competing factories that were beginning to spring up around Europe.

By the 1730s, Meissen’s modelers and decorators had mastered the style of Asian ceramics, and Augustus encouraged them to develop a new, original aesthetic. The factory’s director, Count Heinrich von Brühl, used Johann Wilhelm Weinmann’s botanical drawings as the basis for a new line of wares with European-style surface decoration. The Blue Onion pattern (Zwiebelmuster), first produced in 1739, melded Asian and European influences, closely following patterns used in Chinese underglaze-blue porcelain, but replacing exotic flora and fruits with Western varieties (likely peaches and pomegranates, not onions) along with peonies and asters.

During the same period, head modeler Joachim Kändler (1706–75) began crafting delicate porcelain figures derived from the Italian commedia dell’arte. Often used as centerpieces on banquet tables and decorated to reflect the latest fashions in courtly dress for men and women, these figurines were popular in their day, and are still considered among Meissen’s most iconic creations. Kändler also created the Swan Service, which, with its complex low-relief surface design and minimal decoration is considered a masterpiece of Baroque ceramics.

The rise of Neoclassicism in the latter half of the 18th century forced Meissen to change artistic direction and begin producing monumental vases, clocks, chandeliers and candelabra. In the 20th century, Meissen added to its 18th-century repertoire decidedly modern designs, including ones in the Art Nouveau style. The 1920s saw the introduction of numerous animal figures, such as the popular sea otter (Fischotter), which graced an East German postage stamp in the 1960s. Starting in 1933, artistic freedom was limited at the factory under the Nazi regime, and after World War II, when the region became part of East Germany, it struggled to reconcile its elite past with the values of the Communist government. In 1969, however, new artistic director Karl Petermann reintroduced the early designs and fostered a new degree of artistic license. Meissen became one of the few companies to prosper in East Germany.

Owned by the State of Saxony since reunification, in 1990, Meissen continues to produce its classic designs together with new ones developed collaboratively with artists from all over the world. In addition, through its artCAMPUS program, the factory has invited distinguished ceramic artists, such as Chris Antemann and Arlene Shechet, to work in its studios in collaboration with its skilled modelers and painters. The resulting works of contemporary sculpture are inspired by Meissen’s rich and complex legacy.

Find a collection of authentic Meissen Porcelain on 1stDibs.

Average Sold Price
$1,732
Styles
Materials
Fine Animal Sculpture, Porcelain Pug Dog, Meissen Porcelain, Mid 20th Century
By Meissen Porcelain
Located in Hamburg, DE
Small pug made of porcelain by Meissen from the middle of the 20th century. A fine and naturalistic depiction of a scratching pug with a blue collar. The porcelain is glazed white an...
Category

1950s German Rococo Vintage Meissen Porcelain

Materials

Porcelain

Three Meissen Porcelain Plates Showing Old Master Paintings
By Meissen Porcelain
Located in London, GB
This set of porcelain plates was created by the world-famous Meissen manufactory in Germany. Each plate features a different Old Master painting in its centre: one shows a portrait o...
Category

Late 19th Century German Antique Meissen Porcelain

Materials

Porcelain

Pair of Meissen Porcelain Chinoiserie Figural Sweetmeat Dishes, J.J. Kandler
By Meissen Porcelain
Located in New York, NY
A fine pair of Meissen porcelain chinoiserie figural sweetmeat dishes, after a model by J.J. Kandler Each with a Malabar chinoiserie figure seated on a sea-shell and holding a bowl ...
Category

Mid-20th Century German Rococo Meissen Porcelain

Materials

Porcelain

Vintage Meissen Lidded Tureen with Putto Figure
By Meissen Porcelain
Located in Bridgeport, CT
Blue crossed swords mark to the base. A footed bowl with a wide sight scalloped gilt rim with shell and acanthus leaf handles and decorated with insects and flowers. The lid is decor...
Category

Early 20th Century European Regency Meissen Porcelain

Materials

Porcelain

Modern Meissen French Tulip Motif Coffee Pot
By Meissen Porcelain
Located in West Palm Beach, FL
Modern Meissen French Tulip motif coffee pot, a 21st century work, in the Art Nouveau taste, robustly modeled and painted.
Category

21st Century and Contemporary German Modern Meissen Porcelain

Materials

Porcelain

  • Modern Meissen French Tulip Motif Coffee Pot
  • Modern Meissen French Tulip Motif Coffee Pot
  • Modern Meissen French Tulip Motif Coffee Pot
  • Modern Meissen French Tulip Motif Coffee Pot
H 12.5 in. W 7.5 in. D 5.5 in.
Meissen Cabinet Vase with Applied Fruits and Flowers
By Meissen Porcelain
Located in West Palm Beach, FL
Meissen cabinet vase with applied fruits and flowers, exquisite gourd bottle shape with numerous applied fruits and flowers, and painted with insects. Various all-over minor damages,...
Category

Late 19th Century German Antique Meissen Porcelain

Materials

Porcelain

Meissen Early 19th Century Set of Six Gold-Plated Porcelain Dishes
By Meissen Porcelain
Located in Brescia, IT
Set of six dessert dishes by Meissen manufacturer; everyone has a different hand-painted colored drawing; the richness of colors makes them modern and easy to combine with a set of c...
Category

Early 19th Century German Louis XV Antique Meissen Porcelain

Materials

Porcelain

Meissen ‘Puce Ground’ Porcelain Bowl, C. 1740
By Meissen Porcelain
Located in Gargrave, North Yorkshire
Meissen porcelain bowl, c. 1740. The puce ground bowl, finely painted to the front, with a shaped panel, contains a couple wearing 18th Century costume, seated in a rural landscape. ...
Category

1740s German Georgian Antique Meissen Porcelain

Materials

Porcelain

Browse all Furniture from Meissen Porcelain
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Meissen Porcelain Sellers

Alexander's Antiques
4.9
Elegant Findings Antiques
5.0
Patrick Moorhead Antiques
5.0
Grinard Collection Palm Beach
4.9
David Sterner Antiques LLC
5.0

Meissen Porcelain furniture for sale on 1stDibs

Meissen porcelain furniture is available for sale on 1stDibs. These distinctive objects are often made of ceramics and are designed with extraordinary care. In our collection of Meissen porcelain furniture, there are many options to choose from, although beige editions of this piece are particularly popular. In-stock we have 420 vintage editions of these items, while there is also 0 modern edition to choose from. Many of the original furniture by Meissen Porcelain were created in Europe during the 19th century in the Rococo style. Many customers also consider furniture by Johann Joachim Kändler, Christian Gottfried Juechtzer and Ernst August Leuteritz if you are looking for additional options. The prices for Meissen porcelain furniture can vary depending on size, time period and other attributes. Price for these items starts at US$43 and tops out at US$257,500, while pieces like these can sell for US$2,680 on average.

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