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Ant Chair
Iconic Designs

Ant Chair

About the Design

For almost anybody else in the early 1950s, designing a three-legged chair inspired by the shape of an ant with its head raised would be unthinkable. But Arne Jacobsen (1902–71), the modernist Danish designer and architect, was always ahead of his time. His Ant chair is part of his legacy of designing avant-garde, unusual and revolutionary chairs like the Egg, the Swan and the Drop.

As a child, Jacobsen covered the Victorian wallpaper in his bedroom with white paint, the beginning of a lifetime of pioneering new ideas in design and architecture. Soon after graduating from the School of Architecture at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Jacobsen set up his own practice, through which he could further his ideal of “total design.” This meant that for the architecture projects he undertook — such as the revered SAS Royal Hotel in Copenhagen — he was involved in the design of everything down to the last detail: from the exterior structure to the door handles to the carpets.

Over time, this attention to detail evolved into a pursuit of perfect proportions, a quality that is most prominent in his organic furniture pieces like the Ant chair. Originally called the Model 3100 and designed for the cafeteria of Danish pharmaceutical company Novo Nordisk, the spare Ant chair (Myren in Danish) was inspired by plywood furniture crafted by American designers Charles and Ray Eames. Assisted by his then-apprentice Verner Panton, who would apply what he learned at Jacobsen’s practice to his own Cone chair and more, Jacobsen applied the Eameses’ groundbreaking ideas to the construction of his two-piece Ant chair — a seat and backrest made from a single piece of molded plywood supported by tubular metal legs. While the chair’s silhouette was unusual for the time, so too were its three legs. But Jacobsen insisted that in order for the chair to be functional and stackable — also uncommon in the 1950s — it couldn’t be any other way.

“I based my work on a need. What chairs are needed?” asked Jacobsen. In working toward his mission of creating functional furniture, Jacobsen inadvertently also created some of the most imaginative designs of the 20th century. The Ant chair is one of his most well-known designs.

Jacobsen’s longtime collaborator, Fritz Hansen, introduced the three-legged Ant chair as stipulated in 1952, despite complaints about its instability, and only introduced a four-legged version after Jacobsen’s death. It’s still manufactured today by Fritz Hansen and is in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York and elsewhere.

Arne Jacobsen Ant Chair

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Arne Jacobsen Ant Chairs, Original Set from Early Production, 1952
By Fritz Hansen, Arne Jacobsen
Located in Madrid, ES
Early pieces of the iconic 'Ant' chairs designed by Arne Jacobsen in 1952. Stackable three-legged dining chairs model 3100 made by Fritz Hansen in Denmark. This set was produced in b...
Category

Mid-20th Century Danish Scandinavian Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Bentwood

1952, Arne Jacobsen, Ant Chairs, Repainted by Piece or as a Set
By Fritz Hansen, Arne Jacobsen
Located in IJMuiden, NL
Set of six Ants in black. The chairs are not all produced in the same year (see picture #9 and #10) and are (spray) painted in black but had other colors originally. They are in fair...
Category

Vintage 1950s Danish Mid-Century Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Metal, Chrome

Arne Jacobsen, Dining Chair Model 3101 "Ant"
By Fritz Hansen, Arne Jacobsen
Located in Esbjerg, DK
Arne Jacobsen dining chairs, new upholstered with mokka aniline leather. Chromed base. Model 3101 "Ant", made by Fritz Hansen.
Category

Vintage 1960s Danish Scandinavian Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Steel

Arne Jacobsen Model 3103 Hammer Chairs Teak Frits Hansen Denmark 1969
By Fritz Hansen, Arne Jacobsen
Located in Etten-Leur, NL
Iconic and beautiful shaped model 3103 “Hammer” dining chairs designed by Arne Jacobsen and manufactured by Fritz Hansen, Denmark 1969. These well-crafted chairs are made of moulded ...
Category

Antique 1660s Danish Mid-Century Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Metal

Set of 4 Black Arne Jacobsen Ant Chairs for Fritz Hansen, 1980, Denmark
By Fritz Hansen, Arne Jacobsen
Located in Amsterdam, Noord Holland
Four beautiful chairs by Arne Jacobsen for Fritz Hansen. The official name of the chairs is 'chair 3100', but they are also called 'the Ant' due to their shape. This set is made of b...
Category

Mid-20th Century Danish Mid-Century Modern Chairs

Materials

Plywood

20th Century Ant Dining Chairs by Arne Jacobsen Fritz Hansen, 1950s, Set of 4
By Fritz Hansen, Arne Jacobsen
Located in Bunnik, NL
Set of four teak Ant chairs, model 3101, designed by Arne Jacobsen in 1952 and manufactured by Fritz Hansen in the 50's. Chairs were carefully restored and oiled and tehy are in beut...
Category

Vintage 1950s Danish Mid-Century Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Steel

Midcentury Arne Jacobsen Egg Table and Ant Chair Set
By Fritz Hansen, Arne Jacobsen
Located in BROOKLYN, NY
For your consideration is this wonderful kitchen table or dining room set. The Egg table is visual genius with such a relatable / recognizable organic form. Perfectly paired with fou...
Category

Mid-20th Century Danish Scandinavian Modern Dining Room Sets

Materials

Metal

80s Arne Jacobsen Plywood Original ‘Model 3100 Ant’ Chair for Fritz Hansen Set/4
By Fritz Hansen, Arne Jacobsen
Located in Amstelveen, Noord
Model 3100 is a chair designed by Arne Jacobsen in 1951 and is also known as the Ant Chair because of its waisted shape. Arne Jacobsen (1902-1972) was a Danish architect and furnitur...
Category

Late 20th Century Danish Mid-Century Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Plywood

Set of Four Black 1950s Danish Ant Chairs by Arne Jacobsen for Fritz Hansen
By Arne Jacobsen, Fritz Hansen
Located in Shepperton, Surrey
A beautiful set of four black 1950s Ant chairs by Arne Jacobsen for Fritz Hansen. This very early edition has the original rubber disc spacers underneath, similar to Eames constru...
Category

Mid-20th Century Danish Mid-Century Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Metal

Ant Chair, Model 3101, in Light Wood, by Arne Jacobsen, 1950s
By Fritz Hansen, Arne Jacobsen
Located in Lejre, DK
Ant chair, model 3101, in light wood, designed by Arne Jacobsen in 1952 and manufactured by Fritz Hansen from the 1950s. A chair of very high quality. Before shipping we can refinish...
Category

Vintage 1950s Danish Scandinavian Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Metal

Six Early Arne Jacobsen for Fritz Hansen Three-Legged Ant Chairs
By Arne Jacobsen, Fritz Hansen
Located in Pawtucket, RI
Set of six teak early three-legged Jacobsen Ant chairs manufactured by Fritz Hansen. See other listing for table. Signed.
Category

Vintage 1960s Danish Scandinavian Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Steel

Pair of Teak Ant Chairs 3100 Arne Jacobsen for Fritz Hansen, 1960s
By Arne Jacobsen, Fritz Hansen
Located in Helsinki, FI
A pair of early ant chairs Model 3100 designed by Arne Jacobsen for Fritz Hansen in 1952 made in Denmark. Chairseats are made of teak and are in good condition with little signs of u...
Category

Vintage 1960s Danish Scandinavian Modern Chairs

Materials

Teak

Set of Four Ant Chairs, Model 3101, in Light Wood, by Arne Jacobsen, 1950s
By Arne Jacobsen, Fritz Hansen
Located in Lejre, DK
Set of four Ant chairs, model 3101, in light wood, designed by Arne Jacobsen in 1952 and manufactured by Fritz Hansen from the 1950s. The set is in great vintage condition.  
Category

Vintage 1950s Danish Scandinavian Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Metal

Set of 3 Black Arne Jacobsen Ant Chairs for Fritz Hansen, Denmark, 1950s
By Fritz Hansen, Arne Jacobsen
Located in Berlin, DE
Set of 3 dining or side chairs designed by Danish designer Arne Jacobsen, manufactured by Fritz Hansen. Please note that the chairs are an early production and show some signs of age...
Category

Mid-20th Century Danish Mid-Century Modern Chairs

Materials

Metal

Set of Four Black Ant Chairs, Model 3101, Designed by Arne Jacobsen in 1952
By Arne Jacobsen, Fritz Hansen
Located in Lejre, DK
Set of four black Ant chairs, model 3101, designed by Arne Jacobsen in 1952 and manufactured by Fritz Hansen in 2006. The chairs are in great used condition.  
Category

Vintage 1950s Danish Scandinavian Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Wood

Set of 5 Series 7 Model 3107 Rosewood Chairs by Arne Jacobsen, circa 1960
By Arne Jacobsen
Located in London, Greenwich
Set of 5 series 7 model 3107 rosewood chairs by Arne Jacobsen, circa 1960.
Category

Vintage 1960s Danish Mid-Century Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Rosewood

Arne Jacobsen "Ant" Side Chairs, Set of Four
By Arne Jacobsen
Located in Van Nuys, CA
Set of four Arne Jacobsen "Ant" bent plywood side chairs with chrome tubular base inspired by the Norman Cherner's "Cherner" chair.
Category

Vintage 1950s Danish Side Chairs

Materials

Chrome

Set of Five Dark Green Ant Chairs, Model 3101, Designed by Arne Jacobsen, 1960s
By Arne Jacobsen, Fritz Hansen
Located in Lejre, DK
Set of five dark green Ant chairs, model 3101, designed by Arne Jacobsen in 1952 and manufactured by Fritz Hansen. The chairs are in great used condition.  
Category

Vintage 1950s Danish Scandinavian Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Metal

1952, Arne Jacobsen, Original early set Ant Chairs
By Arne Jacobsen, Fritz Hansen
Located in IJMuiden, NL
A group of four very early version model #3100 ant chairs designed by Arne Jacobsen in 1952. Made of rosewood veneer on a tubular steel frame with three legs and the original metal c...
Category

Vintage 1950s Danish Mid-Century Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Rosewood

Arne Jacobsen Ant Chairs, Original Set from Early Production, 1952
By Arne Jacobsen, Fritz Hansen
Located in Madrid, ES
Early pieces of the iconic 'Ant' chairs designed by Arne Jacobsen in 1952. Stackable three-legged dining chairs model 3100 made by Fritz Hansen in Denmark. This set was produced in b...
Category

Mid-20th Century Danish Scandinavian Modern Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Bentwood

Set of Six Teak Ant Dining Chairs 3100 by Arne Jacobsen for Fritz Hansen
By Fritz Hansen, Arne Jacobsen
Located in Berlin, DE
A set of six early ant chairs Mod. 3100 designed by Arne Jacobsen for Fritz Hansen in 1952 made in Denmark. All chairs are made of teak and are all a in good condition with little si...
Category

20th Century Danish Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Teak

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