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South American Plastic Dining Room Chairs

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Modern Organic Chair in Solid Wood, Upholstered Flexible Seating
Located in Sao Paolo, SP
Collana chairs and armchairs collection. A collection developed to create items that explore the union between aesthetics, ergonomics and comfort, balancing this three fields to ...
Category

2010s Brazilian Modern Chairs

Materials

Hardwood, Leather, Textile, Upholstery, Fiberglass

Modern Organic Chair in Solid Wood, Upholstered Flexible Seating
Located in Sao Paolo, SP
Collana chairs and armchairs collection. A collection developed to create items that explore the union between aesthetics, ergonomics and comfort, balancing this three fields to ...
Category

2010s Brazilian Modern Chairs

Materials

Leather, Textile, Upholstery, Fiberglass, Hardwood

Modern Organic Chair in Solid Wood, Upholstered Flexible Seating
Located in Sao Paolo, SP
Collana chairs and armchairs collection. A collection developed to create items that explore the union between aesthetics, ergonomics and comfort, balancing this three fields to ...
Category

2010s Brazilian Modern Chairs

Materials

Leather, Textile, Upholstery, Fiberglass, Hardwood

Minimal Organic Chair in Solid Wood, Upholstered Seating
Located in Sao Paolo, SP
Collana chairs and armchairs collection. A collection developed to create items that explore the union between aesthetics, ergonomics and comfort, balancing this three fields to ...
Category

2010s Brazilian Modern Chairs

Materials

Leather, Textile, Upholstery, Fiberglass, Hardwood

Minimalist Organic Chair in Solid Wood, Upholstered Seating
Located in Sao Paolo, SP
Collana chairs and armchairs collection. A collection developed to create items that explore the union between aesthetics, ergonomics and comfort, balancing this three fields to ...
Category

2010s Brazilian Modern Chairs

Materials

Leather, Textile, Upholstery, Fiberglass, Hardwood

Minimalist Organic Chair in Solid Wood, Upholstered Seating
Located in Sao Paolo, SP
Collana chairs and armchairs collection. A collection developed to create items that explore the union between aesthetics, ergonomics and comfort, balancing this three fields to ...
Category

2010s Brazilian Modern Chairs

Materials

Leather, Textile, Upholstery, Fiberglass, Hardwood

Minimal Organic Chair in Solid Wood, Upholstered Seating
Located in Sao Paolo, SP
Collana chairs and armchairs collection. A collection developed to create items that explore the union between aesthetics, ergonomics and comfort, balancing this three fields to ...
Category

2010s Brazilian Modern Chairs

Materials

Leather, Textile, Upholstery, Fiberglass, Hardwood

Set of Six Caviuna Wood Spindle Back Dining Chairs
Located in London, GB
Set of Six Caviuna Wood Spindle Back Dining Chairs by Giuseppe Scapinelli, Brazil, 1950s. Please note that these chairs have been reupholstered; new images pending.
Category

Vintage 1950s Brazilian Dining Room Chairs

Materials

Wood, PVC

  • Set of Six Caviuna Wood Spindle Back Dining Chairs
  • Set of Six Caviuna Wood Spindle Back Dining Chairs
  • Set of Six Caviuna Wood Spindle Back Dining Chairs
  • Set of Six Caviuna Wood Spindle Back Dining Chairs
H 34.26 in. W 17.72 in. D 19.69 in.

A Close Look at Modern Furniture

The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw sweeping social change and major scientific advances—both of which contributed to a new aesthetic: Modernism. Rejecting the rigidity of Victorian artistic conventions, Modernists sought a new means of expression. References to the natural world and ornate classical embellishments gave way to the sleek simplicity of the Machine Age. Architect Philip Johnson characterized the hallmarks of modernism as “machine-like simplicity, smoothness or surface [and] avoidance of ornament.”

     Early practitioners of modernist design include the De Stijl (“The Style”) group, founded in the Netherlands in 1917, and the Bauhaus School, founded two years later in Germany. Followers of both groups produced sleek, spare designs—many of which became icons of daily life in the 20th century. The Modernists rejected both natural and historical references and relied primarily on industrial materials such as metal, glass, plywood, and, later, plastics. While Bauhaus principles Marcel Breuer and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe created furniture from mass-produced, chrome-plated steel, American visionaries like Charles and Ray Eames worked in materials as novel as molded plywood and fiberglass. Today, Breuer’s Wassily chair, Mies van der Rohe’s Barcelona chair, and the Eames’s Lounge chair are emblems of progressive design and vintage originals are prized cornerstones of collections.

     It’s difficult to overstate the influence that Modernism continues to wield over designers and architects—and equally difficult to overstate how revolutionary it was when it first appeared a century ago. But because modernist designs are so simple, they can blend in seamlessly with just about any type of décor. Don’t overlook them.

On the Origins of Brazilian

     Commencing in the 1940s and '50s, a group of architects and designers transformed the local cultural landscape, merging the modernist vernacular popular in Europe and the United States with traditional Brazilian techniques and indigenous materials.

     Key influencers during the mid-20th century include natives Oscar Niemeyer, Sérgio Rodrigues and José Zanine Caldas as well as such European immigrants as Joaquim Tenreiro, Jean Gillon and Jorge Zalszupin. These creators frequently collaborated; for instance, Niemeyer, an internationally acclaimed architect, commissioned many of them to furnish his residential and institutional buildings.

     Hallmarks of Brazilian design from that period include smooth, sculptural forms and the use of native woods like rosewood, jacaranda and pequi. The work of designers today exhibits many of the same qualities, though with a marked interest in exploring new materials (witness the Campana Brothers stuffed-animal chairs) and an emphasis on looking inward rather than to other countries for inspiration.

Finding the Right Chairs for You

Chairs are an indispensable component of your home and office. Can you imagine your life without the chair you love?

With the exception of rocking chairs, the majority of the seating in our homes today — antique and vintage Windsor chairs, chaise longues, wingback chairs — originated in either England or France. Art Nouveau chairs, the style of which also originated in those regions, embraced the inherent magnificence of the natural world with decorative flourishes and refined designs that blended both curved and geometric contour lines. While craftsmanship and styles have evolved in the past century, chairs have had a singular significance in our lives, no matter what your favorite chair looks like.

“The chair is the piece of furniture that is closest to human beings,” said Hans Wegner. The revered Danish cabinetmaker and furniture designer was prolific, having designed nearly 500 chairs over the course of his lifetime. His beloved designs include the Wishbone chair, the wingback Papa Bear chair and many more.

Other designers of Scandinavian modernist chairs introduced new dynamics to this staple with sculptural flowing lines, curvaceous shapes and efficient functionality. The Paimio armchair, Swan chair and Panton chair are vintage works of Finnish and Danish seating that left an indelible mark on the history of good furniture design.

“What works good is better than what looks good, because what works good lasts,” said Ray Eames. 

Visionary polymaths Ray and Charles Eames experimented with bent plywood and fiberglass with the goal of producing affordable furniture for a mass market. Like other celebrated mid-century modern furniture designers of elegant low-profile furnishings — among them Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Finn Juhl — the Eameses considered ergonomic support, durability and cost, all of which should be top of mind when shopping for the perfect chair. The Eameses introduced numerous icons for manufacturer Herman Miller, such as the Eames lounge chair and ottoman, molded plywood dining chairs the DCM and DCW (which can be artfully mismatched around your dining table) and a wealth of other treasured pieces for the home and office.

A good chair anchors us to a place and can become an object of timeless appeal. Take a seat and browse the rich variety of vintage, new and antique chairs on 1stDibs today.